Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2013

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Transition Period from                      to                     

001-34809

Commission File Number

 

 

GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Ireland   98-0664891

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

25/28 NORTH WALL QUAY

DUBLIN 1

IRELAND

(Address of principal executive office, including zip code)

353 (0) 1 649 2000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that registrant was required to submit and post such files.).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.:

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨    Accelerated filer   x
Non-accelerated filer   ¨    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

As of October 31, 2013, the registrant had outstanding 13,132,133 A Ordinary Shares and 12,061,370 B Ordinary Shares.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

         Page  
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION   

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements:

  
 

Consolidated Balance Sheets
As of September 30, 2013 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2012

     2   
 

Consolidated Statements of Operations
Quarters and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2013 (Unaudited) and September 30, 2012 (Unaudited)

     3   
 

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
Quarters and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2013 (Unaudited) and September 30, 2012 (Unaudited)

     4   
 

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2013 (Unaudited) and Year Ended December 31, 2012

     5   
 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2013 (Unaudited) and September 30, 2012 (Unaudited)

     6   
 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

     7   

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     33   

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

     59   

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

     60   
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION   

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

     61   

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

     61   

Item 2.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     61   

Item 3.

 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

     61   

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

     61   

Item 5.

 

Other Information

     62   

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

     62   

Signature

       63   

 

1


Table of Contents

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands, except share amounts)

 

     (Unaudited)
September 30, 2013
    December 31, 2012  
ASSETS     

Fixed maturities:

    

Available for sale, at fair value (amortized cost: $1,175,002 and $1,187,094)

   $ 1,196,275      $ 1,229,322   

Equity securities:

    

Available for sale, at fair value (cost: $175,125 and $167,179)

     233,415        197,075   

Other invested assets:

    

Available for sale, at fair value (cost: $3,065 and $3,049)

     3,269        3,132   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investments

     1,432,959        1,429,529   

Cash and cash equivalents

     115,953        104,460   

Premiums receivable, net

     40,132        37,752   

Reinsurance receivables, net

     221,751        241,827   

Funds held by ceding insurers

     30,825        7,410   

Federal income taxes receivable

     3,830        6,844   

Deferred federal income taxes

     6,338        10,824   

Deferred acquisition costs

     24,178        18,265   

Intangible assets

     18,078        18,343   

Goodwill

     4,820        4,820   

Prepaid reinsurance premiums

     5,227        5,945   

Other assets

     14,339        17,684   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 1,918,430      $ 1,903,703   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY     

Liabilities:

    

Unpaid losses and loss adjustment expenses

   $ 823,063      $ 879,114   

Unearned premiums

     128,113        94,114   

Ceded balances payable

     5,093        4,201   

Contingent commissions

     9,652        9,911   

Payable for securities purchased

     4,882        2,634   

Margin borrowing facility

     65,009        —     

Notes and debentures payable

     20,619        84,929   

Other liabilities

     23,096        22,182   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     1,079,527        1,097,085   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)

     —          —     

Shareholders’ equity:

    

Ordinary shares, $0.0001 par value, 900,000,000 ordinary shares authorized; A ordinary shares issued: 16,190,894 and 16,087,939, respectively; A ordinary shares outstanding: 13,132,133 and 13,030,938, respectively; B ordinary shares issued and outstanding: 12,061,370 and 12,061,370, respectively

     3        3   

Additional paid-in capital

     515,545        512,304   

Accumulated other comprehensive income, net of taxes

     54,456        53,350   

Retained earnings

     370,148        342,171   

A ordinary shares in treasury, at cost: 3,058,761 and 3,057,001 shares, respectively

     (101,249     (101,210
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total shareholders’ equity

     838,903        806,618   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

   $ 1,918,430      $ 1,903,703   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

2


Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(In thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

     (Unaudited)
Quarters Ended September 30,
    (Unaudited)
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
     2013     2012     2013     2012  

Revenues:

        

Gross premiums written

   $ 68,785      $ 56,949      $ 227,969      $ 182,339   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums written

   $ 64,030      $ 51,455      $ 213,854      $ 162,871   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums earned

   $ 64,469      $ 55,329      $ 179,136      $ 177,658   

Net investment income

     8,486        14,777        28,285        37,265   

Net realized investment gains:

        

Other than temporary impairment losses on investments

     (177     (189     (1,230     (3,808

Other than temporary impairment losses on investments recognized in other comprehensive income

     —          —          —          541   

Other net realized investment gains

     1,818        3,400        11,434        10,180   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total net realized investment gains

     1,641        3,211        10,204        6,913   

Other income (loss)

     183        101        484        (291
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     74,779        73,418        218,109        221,545   

Losses and Expenses:

        

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses

     35,483        35,407        102,195        113,574   

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses

     28,028        23,223        76,977        70,150   

Corporate and other operating expenses

     2,627        2,039        7,444        6,863   

Interest expense

     3,585        1,265        5,939        4,213   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

     5,056        11,484        25,554        26,745   

Income tax expense (benefit)

     (1,892     1,571        (2,423     (3,634
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 6,948      $ 9,913      $ 27,977      $ 30,379   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Per share data:

        

Net income

        

Basic

   $ 0.28      $ 0.39      $ 1.12      $ 1.11   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted

   $ 0.28      $ 0.39      $ 1.11      $ 1.11   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted-average number of shares outstanding

        

Basic

     25,082,237        25,391,885        25,065,725        27,263,275   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted

     25,189,072        25,412,586        25,150,920        27,280,612   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

(In thousands)

 

     (Unaudited)
Quarters Ended September 30,
    (Unaudited)
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
     2013     2012     2013     2012  

Net income

   $ 6,948      $ 9,913      $ 27,977      $ 30,379   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income, net of taxes:

        

Unrealized holding gains

     7,732        9,419        7,578        22,494   

Portion of other-than-temporary impairment losses recognized in other comprehensive income

     12        1        8        (538

Recognition of previously unrealized holding gains

     (1,004     (2,292     (6,656     (5,523

Unrealized foreign currency translation gains

     142        98        176        60   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income, net of taxes

     6,882        7,226        1,106        16,493   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income, net of taxes

   $ 13,830      $ 17,139      $ 29,083      $ 46,872   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity

(In thousands, except share amounts)

 

     (Unaudited)
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2013
    Year Ended
December 31, 2012
 

Number of A ordinary shares issued:

    

Number at beginning of period

     16,087,939        21,429,683   

Ordinary shares issued under share incentive plans

     74,400        29,675   

Ordinary shares issued to directors

     28,555        —     

Ordinary shares retired

     —          (5,371,419
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Number at end of period

     16,190,894        16,087,939   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Number of B ordinary shares issued:

    

Number at beginning and end of period

     12,061,370        12,061,370   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Par value of A ordinary shares:

    

Balance at beginning and end of period

   $ 2      $ 2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Par value of B ordinary shares:

    

Balance at beginning and end of period

   $ 1      $ 1   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Additional paid-in capital:

    

Balance at beginning of period

   $ 512,304      $ 621,917   

Share compensation plans

     3,241        2,582   

A ordinary shares retired

     —          (112,195
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

   $ 515,545      $ 512,304   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income, net of deferred income tax:

    

Balance at beginning of period

   $ 53,350      $ 40,174   

Other comprehensive income:

    

Change in unrealized holding gains

     922        13,218   

Change in other than temporary impairment losses recognized in other comprehensive income

     8        (14

Unrealized foreign currency translation gains (losses)

     176        (28
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income

     1,106        13,176   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

   $ 54,456      $ 53,350   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Retained earnings:

    

Balance at beginning of period

   $ 342,171      $ 307,414   

Net income

     27,977        34,757   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

   $ 370,148      $ 342,171   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Number of Treasury Shares:

    

Number at beginning of period

     3,057,001        4,619,005   

A ordinary shares purchased

     1,760        3,809,415   

A ordinary shares retired

     —          (5,371,419
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Number at end of period

     3,058,761        3,057,001   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Treasury Shares, at cost:

    

Balance at beginning of period

   $ (101,210   $ (130,444

A ordinary shares purchased, at cost

     (39     (82,961

A ordinary shares retired

     —          112,195   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

   $ (101,249   $ (101,210
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total shareholders’ equity

   $ 838,903      $ 806,618   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands)

 

     (Unaudited)
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
     2013     2012  

Cash flows from operating activities:

    

Net income

   $ 27,977      $ 30,379   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used for operating activities:

    

Amortization of trust preferred securities issuance costs

     77        47   

Amortization and depreciation

     578        1,341   

Restricted stock and stock option expense

     3,241        1,878   

Deferred federal income taxes

     (1,697     2,520   

Amortization of bond premium and discount, net

     4,800        5,250   

Net realized investment gains

     (10,204     (6,913

Changes in:

    

Premiums receivable, net

     (2,380     5,364   

Reinsurance receivables, net

     20,076        13,993   

Funds held by ceding insurers

     (23,415     41   

Unpaid losses and loss adjustment expenses

     (56,051     (47,599

Unearned premiums

     33,999        (14,954

Ceded balances payable

     892        (5,837

Other assets and liabilities, net

     3,598        (7,697

Contingent commissions

     (259     370   

Federal income tax receivable/payable

     3,014        (6,377

Deferred acquisition costs, net

     (5,913     2,126   

Prepaid reinsurance premiums

     718        165   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used for operating activities

     (949     (25,903
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

    

Proceeds from sale of fixed maturities

     240,658        380,713   

Proceeds from sale of equity securities

     55,174        40,299   

Proceeds from maturity of fixed maturities

     126,564        46,620   

Proceeds from sale of other invested assets

     —          1,114   

Purchases of fixed maturities

     (357,494     (366,706

Purchases of equity securities

     (53,104     (45,041

Purchases of other invested assets

     (16     (13
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by investing activities

     11,782        56,986   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

    

Borrowings under margin borrowing facility

     65,009        —     

Purchase of A ordinary shares

     (39     (80,382

Retirement of junior subordinated debentures

     (10,310     —     

Principal payments of term debt

     (54,000     (18,071
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities

     660        (98,453
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

     11,493        (67,370

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     104,460        175,860   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 115,953      $ 108,490   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

1. Principles of Consolidation and Basis of Presentation

Global Indemnity plc (“Global Indemnity” or “the Company”) was incorporated on March 9, 2010 and is domiciled in Ireland. Global Indemnity replaced the Company’s predecessor, United America Indemnity, Ltd., as the ultimate parent company as a result of a re-domestication transaction. United America Indemnity, Ltd. was incorporated on August 26, 2003, and is domiciled in the Cayman Islands. United America Indemnity, Ltd. is now a subsidiary of the Company. The Company’s A ordinary shares are publicly traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the trading symbol “GBLI.”

The Company manages its business through two business segments: Insurance Operations, which includes the operations of United National Insurance Company, Diamond State Insurance Company, United National Casualty Insurance Company, United National Specialty Insurance Company, Penn-America Insurance Company, Penn-Star Insurance Company, Penn-Patriot Insurance Company, American Insurance Adjustment Agency, Inc., Collectibles Insurance Services, LLC, Global Indemnity Insurance Agency, LLC, and J.H. Ferguson & Associates, LLC, and Reinsurance Operations, which includes the operations of Wind River Reinsurance Company, Ltd. (“Wind River Reinsurance”)

The interim consolidated financial statements are unaudited, but have been prepared in conformity with United States of America generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), which differs in certain respects from those principles followed in reports to insurance regulatory authorities. The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

The unaudited consolidated financial statements include all adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, of a normal recurring nature and are necessary for a fair statement of results for the interim periods. Results of operations for the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012 are not necessarily indicative of the results of a full year. The accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the notes to the consolidated financial statements contained in the Company’s 2012 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Global Indemnity and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

The Company’s wholly owned business trust subsidiaries, United National Group Capital Trust I (“UNG Trust I”) and United National Group Capital Statutory Trust II (“UNG Trust II”), are not consolidated pursuant to the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification. The Company’s business trust subsidiary, UNG Trust I, issued $10.0 million in floating rate capital securities (“Trust Preferred Securities”) and $0.3 million of floating rate common securities. On September 30, 2013, The Company repaid the entire outstanding principal due on its UNG Trust I junior subordinated notes. UNG Trust I was cancelled on October 4, 2013. The Company’s business trust subsidiary, UNG Trust II, issued $20.0 million in Trust Preferred Securities and $0.6 million of floating rate common securities. The sole assets of UNG Trust II are $20.6 million of junior subordinated debentures issued by the Company, which have the same terms with respect to maturity, payments, and distributions as the Trust Preferred Securities and the floating rate common securities.

 

2. Premium Deficiency

The Company recognizes a premium deficiency if the sum of expected loss and loss adjustment expenses and unamortized acquisition costs exceeds related unearned premium after consideration of investment income. This evaluation is done at a product line level in Insurance Operations and at a treaty level in Reinsurance Operations. Any future expected loss on the related unearned premium is recorded first by impairing the unamortized acquisition costs on the related unearned premium followed by an increase to loss and loss adjustment expense reserves on additional expected loss in excess of unamortized acquisition costs.

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

During the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2013, the Company incurred a pre-tax premium deficiency charge of $1.7 million related to its commercial automobile lines. As a result of these charges, the Company reduced deferred acquisition costs during the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2013 by $1.7 million. The Company did not incur a premium deficiency charge during the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2012.

This charge of $1.7 million was recorded to acquisition cost and other underwriting expenses within the Company’s U.S. Insurance Operations during the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2013. The Company’s Reinsurance Operations did not incur a premium deficiency charge during the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2013.

 

3. Profit Enhancement Initiative

In 2010 and 2011, the Company committed to a Profit Enhancement Initiative in response to the continuing impact of the domestic recession and the competitive landscape within the excess and surplus lines market. The total cost of this initiative was recorded in the Company’s statements of operations during those years. All action items related to this initiative were completed by December 31, 2011.

For further disclosure regarding the Profit Enhancement Initiative, please see Note 5 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8 of Part II of the Company’s 2012 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

The following table summarizes charges incurred by expense type and the remaining liability as of September 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012:

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Employee
Termination
    Operating
Leases
    Total  

Liability at January 1, 2012

   $ 785      $ 1,828      $ 2,613   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash payments

     (773     (690     (1,463

Non-cash adjustments

     —          (267     (267
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liability at December 31, 2012

   $ 12      $ 871      $ 883   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash payments

     (12     (402     (414

Non-cash adjustments

     —          (108     (108
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liability at September 30, 2013

   $ —        $ 361      $ 361   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

There was a reduction in expense of $0.0 million and $0.1 million, respectively, related to the Profit Enhancement Initiative resulting from a revision of expected sub-lease income included in the statement of operations within the “Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses” line item for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2013.

There was a reduction in expense of $0.18 million related to the Profit Enhancement Initiative resulting from a revision of expected sub-lease income included in the statement of operations within the “Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses” line item for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2012.

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

4. Investments

The amortized cost and estimated fair value of investments were as follows as of September 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012:

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Amortized
Cost
     Gross
Unrealized
Gains
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Estimated
Fair Value
     Other than
temporary
impairments
recognized
in AOCI (1)
 

As of September 30, 2013

             

Fixed maturities:

             

U.S. treasury and agency obligations

   $ 88,429       $ 4,436       $ (120   $ 92,745       $  —     

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     186,952         4,820         (1,746     190,026         —     

Mortgage-backed securities

     242,874         4,879         (2,213     245,540         (5

Asset-backed securities

     133,137         1,290         (319     134,108         (20

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

     53,957         2         (795     53,164         —     

Corporate bonds and loans

     414,265         10,251         (675     423,841         —     

Foreign corporate bonds

     55,388         1,463         —          56,851         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total fixed maturities

     1,175,002         27,141         (5,868     1,196,275         (25

Common stock

     175,125         58,824         (534     233,415         —     

Other invested assets

     3,065         204         —          3,269         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,353,192       $ 86,169       $ (6,402   $ 1,432,959       $ (25
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Represents the total amount of other than temporary impairment losses relating to factors other than credit losses recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income (“AOCI”).

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Amortized
Cost
     Gross
Unrealized
Gains
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Estimated
Fair Value
     Other than
temporary
impairments
recognized
in AOCI (2)
 

As of December 31, 2012

             

Fixed maturities:

             

U.S. treasury and agency obligations

   $ 102,186       $ 6,559       $ (1   $ 108,744       $  —     

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     194,326         6,883         (132     201,077         —     

Mortgage-backed securities

     247,639         8,492         (189     255,942         (8

Asset-backed securities

     111,289         2,071         (9     113,351         (24

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

     8,070         60         (13     8,117         —     

Corporate bonds and loans

     469,860         16,739         (428     486,171         —     

Foreign corporate bonds

     53,724         2,196         —          55,920         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total fixed maturities

     1,187,094         43,000         (772     1,229,322         (32

Common stock

     167,179         32,847         (2,951     197,075         —     

Other invested assets

     3,049         83         —          3,132         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,357,322       $ 75,930       $ (3,723   $ 1,429,529       $ (32
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(2) Represents the total amount of other than temporary impairment losses relating to factors other than credit losses recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income (“AOCI”).

Excluding U.S. treasuries and agency bonds, the Company did not hold any debt or equity investments in a single issuer that was in excess of 4% and 3% of shareholders’ equity at September 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively.

The amortized cost and estimated fair value of the Company’s fixed maturities portfolio classified as available for sale at September 30, 2013, by contractual maturity, are shown below. Actual maturities may differ from contractual maturities because borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Amortized
Cost
     Fair Value  

Due in one year or less

   $ 145,935       $ 149,886   

Due after one year through five years

     486,326         497,325   

Due after five years through ten years

     88,913         92,001   

Due after ten years through fifteen years

     8,654         8,808   

Due after fifteen years

     15,206         15,443   

Mortgage-backed securities

     242,874         245,540   

Asset-backed securities

     133,137         134,108   

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

     53,957         53,164   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,175,002       $ 1,196,275   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

9


Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

The following table contains an analysis of the Company’s securities with gross unrealized losses, categorized by the period that the securities were in a continuous loss position as of September 30, 2013:

 

     Less than 12 months     12 months or longer (1)     Total  
(Dollars in thousands)    Fair Value      Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value      Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value      Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 

Fixed maturities:

               

U.S. treasury and agency obligations

   $ 6,288       $ (120   $ —         $ —        $ 6,288       $ (120

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     60,779         (1,684     6,034         (62     66,813         (1,746

Mortgage-backed securities

     112,117         (2,212     3         (1     112,120         (2,213

Asset-backed securities

     47,439         (318     3         (1     47,442         (319

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

     52,587         (795     —           —          52,587         (795

Corporate bonds and loans

     55,317         (615     1,362         (60     56,679         (675
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total fixed maturities

     334,527         (5,744     7,402         (124     341,929         (5,868

Common stock

     7,517         (331     1,520         (203     9,037         (534
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 342,044       $ (6,075   $ 8,922       $ (327   $ 350,966       $ (6,402
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Fixed maturities in a gross unrealized loss position for twelve months or longer are primarily comprised of non-credit losses on investment grade securities where management does not intend to sell, and it is more likely than not that the Company will not be forced to sell the security before recovery. The Company has analyzed these securities and has determined that they are not other than temporarily impaired.

The following table contains an analysis of the Company’s securities with gross unrealized losses, categorized by the period that the securities were in a continuous loss position as of December 31, 2012:

 

     Less than 12 months     12 months or longer (2)     Total  
(Dollars in thousands)    Fair Value      Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value      Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value      Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 

Fixed maturities:

               

U.S. treasury and agency obligations

   $ 2,002       $ (1   $ —         $ —        $ 2,002       $ (1

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     33,204         (132     —           —          33,204         (132

Mortgage-backed securities

     33,635         (172     640         (17     34,275         (189

Asset-backed securities

     5,722         (3     4,763         (6     10,485         (9

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

     2,839         (13     —           —          2,839         (13

Corporate bonds and loans

     8,202         (274     3,308         (154     11,510         (428
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total fixed maturities

     85,604         (595     8,711         (177     94,315         (772

Common stock

     30,153         (2,284     3,950         (667     34,103         (2,951
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 115,757       $ (2,879   $ 12,661       $ (844   $ 128,418       $ (3,723
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(2) Fixed maturities in a gross unrealized loss position for twelve months or longer are primarily comprised of non-credit losses on investment grade securities where management does not intend to sell, and it is more likely than not that the Company will not be forced to sell the security before recovery. The Company has analyzed these securities and has determined that they are not other than temporarily impaired.

The Company regularly performs various analytical valuation procedures with respect to its investments, including reviewing each fixed maturity security in an unrealized loss position to assess whether the security is a candidate for credit loss. Specifically, the Company considers credit rating, market price, and issuer specific financial information, among other factors, to assess the likelihood of collection of all principal and interest as contractually due. Securities for which the Company determines that a credit loss is likely are subjected to further analysis through discounted cash flow testing to estimate the credit loss to be recognized in earnings, if any. The specific methodologies and significant assumptions used by asset class are discussed below. Upon identification of such securities and periodically thereafter, a detailed review is performed to determine whether the decline is considered other than temporary. This review includes an analysis of several factors, including but not limited to, the credit ratings and cash flows of the securities and the magnitude and length of time that the fair value of such securities is below cost.

 

10


Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

For fixed maturities, the factors considered in reaching the conclusion that a decline below cost is other than temporary include, among others, whether:

 

  (1) the issuer is in financial distress;

 

  (2) the investment is secured;

 

  (3) a significant credit rating action occurred;

 

  (4) scheduled interest payments were delayed or missed;

 

  (5) changes in laws or regulations have affected an issuer or industry;

 

  (6) the investment has an unrealized loss and was identified by the Company’s investment manager as an investment to be sold before recovery or maturity; and

 

  (7) the investment failed cash flow projection testing to determine if anticipated principal and interest payments will be realized.

According to accounting guidance, for debt securities in an unrealized loss position, the Company is required to assess whether it has the intent to sell the debt security or more likely than not will be required to sell the debt security before the anticipated recovery. If either of these conditions is met the Company must recognize an other than temporary impairment with the entire unrealized loss being recorded through earnings. For debt securities in an unrealized loss position not meeting these conditions, the Company assesses whether the impairment of a security is other than temporary. If the impairment is deemed to be other than temporary, the Company must separate the other than temporary impairment into two components: the amount representing the credit loss and the amount related to all other factors, such as changes in interest rates. The credit loss represents the portion of the amortized book value in excess of the net present value of the projected future cash flows discounted at the effective interest rate implicit in the debt security prior to impairment. The credit loss component of the other than temporary impairment is recorded through earnings, whereas the amount relating to factors other than credit losses are recorded in other comprehensive income, net of taxes.

For equity securities, management carefully reviews all securities with unrealized losses to determine if a security should be impaired with a focus on securities that have either:

 

  (1) persisted with unrealized losses for more than twelve consecutive months or

 

  (2) the value of the investment has been 20% or more below cost for six continuous months or more.

The amount of any write-down, including those that are deemed to be other than temporary, is included in earnings as a realized loss in the period in which the impairment arose.

The following is a description, by asset type, of the methodology and significant inputs that the Company used to measure the amount of credit loss recognized in earnings, if any:

U.S. treasury and agency obligations – As of September 30, 2013, gross unrealized losses related to U.S. treasury and agency obligations were $0.120 million. All unrealized losses have been in an unrealized loss position for less than twelve months. All of these securities are rated AA+. The Company’s investment manager conducts extensive macroeconomic and market analysis which are driven by moderate interest rate anticipation, yield curve management, and security selection.

Obligations of states and political subdivisions – As of September 30, 2013, gross unrealized losses related to obligations of states and political subdivisions were $1.746 million. Of this amount, $0.062 million have been in an unrealized loss position for twelve months or greater. All of these securities are rated A or higher. The Company’s investment manager considers all factors that influence performance of the municipal bond market, including investor expectations, supply and demand patterns, and current versus historical yield and spread relationships. The manager relies on the output of its fixed income credit analysts, including dedicated municipal bond analysts. The dedicated municipal analysts perform extensive in-house fundamental analysis on each issuer, regardless of their rating by the major agencies.

Mortgage-backed securities (“MBS”) – As of September 30, 2013, gross unrealized losses related to mortgage-backed securities were $2.213 million. Of this amount, $0.001 million have been in an unrealized loss position for twelve months or greater. All of these securities are rated AA+. The Company’s investment manager models each

 

11


Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

mortgage-backed security to project principal losses under downside, base, and upside scenarios for the economy and home prices. The primary assumption that drives the security and loan level modeling is the Home Price Index (“HPI”) projection. The Company’s investment manager first projects HPI at the national level, then at the zip code level based on the historical relationship between the individual zip code HPI and the national HPI, using inputs from its macroeconomic team, mortgage portfolio management team, and structured analyst team. The model utilizes loan level data and borrower characteristics including FICO score, geographic location, original and current loan size, loan age, mortgage rate and type (fixed rate / interest-only / adjustable rate mortgage), issuer / originator, residential type (owner occupied / investor property), dwelling type (single family / multi-family), loan purpose, level of documentation, and delinquency status as inputs. The model also includes the explicit treatment of silent second liens, utilization of loan modification history, and the application of roll rate adjustments.

Asset-backed securities (“ABS”) - As of September 30, 2013, gross unrealized losses related to asset-backed securities were $0.319 million. Of this amount, $0.001 million have been in an unrealized loss position for twelve months or greater. All of these securities are rated A. The weighted average credit enhancement for the Company’s asset-backed portfolio is 26.0. This represents the percentage of pool losses that can occur before an asset-backed security will incur its first dollar of principle losses. The Company’s investment manager analyzes every ABS transaction on a stand-alone basis. This analysis involves a thorough review of the collateral, prepayment, and structural risk in each transaction. Additionally, their analysis includes an in-depth credit analysis of the originator and servicer of the collateral. The Company’s investment manager projects an expected loss for a deal given a set of assumptions specific to the asset type. These assumptions are used to calculate at what level of losses that the deal will incur a dollar of loss. The major assumptions used to calculate this ratio are loss severities, recovery lags, and no advances on principal and interest.

Commercial mortgage-backed securities (“CMBS”) - As of September 30, 2013, gross unrealized losses related to CMBS were $0.795 million. All unrealized losses have been in an unrealized loss position for less than twelve months. The weighted average credit enhancement for the Company’s CMBS portfolio is 32.2. This represents the percentage of pool losses that can occur before a mortgage-backed security will incur its first dollar of principle losses. For the Company’s CMBS portfolio, a loan level analysis is utilized where every underlying CMBS loan is re-underwritten based on the Company’s investment manager’s internally generated set of assumptions that reflect their expectation for the future path of the economy. In the analysis, the focus is centered on stressing the significant variables that influence commercial loan defaults and collateral losses in CMBS deals. These variables include: (1) occupancies are projected to drop; (2) capitalization rates vary by property type and are forecasted to return to more normalized levels as the capital markets repair and capital begins to flow again; and (3) property value was stressed by using projected property performance and projected capitalization rates. Term risk is triggered if projected debt service coverage rate falls below 1x. Balloon risk is triggered if a property’s projected performance does not satisfy new, tighter mortgage standards.

Corporate bonds and loans - As of September 30, 2013, gross unrealized losses related to corporate bonds and loans were $0.675 million. Of this amount, $0.060 million have been in an unrealized loss position for twelve months or greater. The Company’s investment manager’s analysis for this sector includes maintaining detailed financial models that include a projection of each issuer’s future financial performance, including prospective debt servicing capabilities, capital structure composition, and the value of the collateral. The analysis incorporates the macroeconomic environment, industry conditions in which the issuer operates, issuer’s current competitive position, vulnerability to changes in the competitive environment, regulatory environment, issuer liquidity, issuer commitment to bondholders, issuer creditworthiness, and asset protection. Part of the process also includes running downside scenarios to evaluate the expected likelihood of default as well as potential losses in the event of default.

Common stocks – As of September 30, 2013, gross unrealized losses related to common stock were $0.534 million. Of this amount, $0.203 million have been in an unrealized loss position for twelve months or greater. To determine if an other than temporary impairment of an equity security has occurred, the Company considers, among other things, the severity and duration of the decline in fair value of the equity security. The Company also examines other factors to determine if the equity security could recover its value in a reasonable period of time.

 

12


Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

The Company recorded the following other than temporary impairments (“OTTI”) on its investment portfolio for the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012:

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Quarters Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2013     2012     2013     2012  

Fixed maturities:

        

OTTI losses, gross

   $ (160   $ (14   $ (271   $ (1,073

Portion of loss recognized in other comprehensive income (pre-tax)

     —          —          —          541   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net impairment losses on fixed maturities recognized in earnings

     (160     (14     (271     (532

Equity securities

     (17     (175     (959     (2,735
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ (177   $ (189   $ (1,230   $ (3,267
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table is an analysis of the credit losses recognized in earnings on debt securities held by the Company for the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012 for which a portion of the OTTI loss was recognized in other comprehensive income.

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Quarters Ended
September 30,
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
     2013     2012      2013     2012  

Balance at beginning of period

   $ 86      $ 86       $ 86      $ 86   

Additions where no OTTI was previously recorded

     —          —           —          55   

Additions where an OTTI was previously recorded

     —          —           —          —     

Reductions for securities for which the company intends to sell or more likely than not will be required to sell before recovery

     —          —           —          —     

Reductions reflecting increases in expected cash flows to be collected

     —          —           —          —     

Reductions for securities sold during the period

     (32     —           (32     (55
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

   $ 54      $ 86       $ 54      $ 86   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income, Net of Tax

Accumulated other comprehensive income as of September 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012 was as follows:

 

(Dollars in thousands)    September 30, 2013     December 31, 2012  

Net unrealized gains (losses) from:

    

Fixed maturities

   $ 21,273      $ 42,228   

Common stock

     58,290        29,896   

Other

     (65     83   

Deferred taxes

     (25,042     (18,857
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax

   $ 54,456      $ 53,350   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The changes in accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax, by component for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 was as follows:

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2013

(Dollars in thousands)

  Unrealized Gains
and Losses on
Available for Sale
Securities, Net of
Tax
    Foreign Currency
Items, Net of Tax
    Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Income, Net of Tax
 

Beginning balance

  $ 53,435      $ (85   $ 53,350   

Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassification

    7,774        (12     7,762   

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

    (6,844     188        (6,656
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

    930        176        1,106   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance

  $ 54,365      $ 91      $ 54,456   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

13


Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

The reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2013 were as follows:

 

(Dollars in thousands)        Amount Reclassified from Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Income
 

Details about Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Income Components

  

Affected Line Item in the Statement
Where Net Income is Presented

  Quarter Ended
September 30, 2013
    Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2013
 

Unrealized gains and losses on available for sale securities

  

Other net realized investment gains

  $ (1,818   $ (11,724
  

Other than temporary impairment losses on investments

    177        1,230   
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
  

Total before tax

    (1,641     (10,494
  

Income tax (expense) benefit

    637        3,650   
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
  

Net of tax

  $ (1,004   $ (6,844
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Foreign Currency Items

  

Other net realized investment gains

    —          290   
  

Income tax (expense) benefit

    —          (102
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
  

Net of tax

  $ —        $ 188   
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total reclassifications

  

Net of tax

  $ (1,004   $ (6,656
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Realized Investment Gains

The components of net realized investment gains for the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012 were as follows:

 

    Quarters Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
(Dollars in thousands)   2013     2012     2013     2012  

Fixed maturities:

       

Gross realized gains

  $ 105      $ 827      $ 779      $ 3,523   

Gross realized losses

    (195     (31     (591     (1,573
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net realized gains (losses)

    (90     796        188        1,950   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Common stock:

       

Gross realized gains

    2,383        3,333        12,396        8,724   

Gross realized losses

    (652     (918     (2,380     (3,761
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net realized gains

    1,731        2,415        10,016        4,963   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total net realized investment gains

  $ 1,641      $ 3,211      $ 10,204      $ 6,913   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The proceeds from sales of available-for-sale securities resulting in net realized investment gains for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012 were as follows:

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
(Dollars in thousands)    2013      2012  

Fixed maturities

   $ 240,658       $ 380,713   

Equity securities

     55,174         40,299   

Other invested assets

     —           1,114   

 

14


Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

Net Investment Income

The sources of net investment income for the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012 were as follows:

 

    Quarters Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
(Dollars in thousands)   2013     2012     2013     2012  

Fixed maturities

  $ 8,319      $ 10,320      $ 27,185      $ 32,146   

Equity securities

    1,184        1,174        4,136        3,885   

Cash and cash equivalents

    15        13        96        99   

Other invested assets

    —          4,330        141        4,486   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investment income

    9,518        15,837        31,558        40,616   

Investment expense

    (1,032     (1,060     (3,273     (3,351
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net investment income

  $ 8,486      $ 14,777      $ 28,285      $ 37,265   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The Company’s total investment return on a pre-tax basis for the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012 were as follows:

 

    Quarters Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
(Dollars in thousands)   2013     2012     2013     2012  

Net investment income

  $ 8,486      $ 14,777      $ 28,285      $ 37,265   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net realized investment gains

    1,641        3,211        10,204        6,913   

Net unrealized investment gains

    10,471        11,388        7,291        23,222   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net investment return

    12,112        14,599        17,495        30,135   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investment return

  $ 20,598      $ 29,376      $ 45,780      $ 67,400   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investment return % (1)

    1.3     1.9     3.0     4.2
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Average investment portfolio (2)

  $ 1,535,589      $ 1,556,450      $ 1,537,693      $ 1,599,472   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) Not annualized.
(2) Average of total cash and invested assets, net of receivable/payable for securities purchased and sold, as of the beginning and ending of the period.

Insurance Enhanced Municipal Bonds

As of September 30, 2013, the Company held insurance enhanced municipal bonds of approximately $32.5 million, which represented approximately 2.1% of the Company’s total cash and invested assets, net of payable/receivable for securities purchased and sold. These securities had an average rating of “AA-.” Approximately $3.0 million of these bonds are pre-refunded with U.S. treasury securities, of which $1.4 million are backed by financial guarantors, meaning that funds have been set aside in escrow to satisfy the future interest and principal obligations of the bond. Of the remaining $29.5 million of insurance enhanced municipal bonds, $15.1 million would have carried a lower credit rating had they not been insured. The following table provides a breakdown of the ratings for these municipal bonds with and without insurance.

 

(Dollars in thousands)   

Ratings

with

    

Ratings

without

 
Rating    Insurance      Insurance  

AAA

   $ 8,840       $ —     

AA

     —           8,840   

A

     6,250         6,250   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 15,090       $ 15,090   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

15


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GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

A summary of the Company’s insurance enhanced municipal bonds that are backed by financial guarantors, including the pre-refunded bonds that are escrowed in U.S. government obligations, as of September 30, 2013, is as follows:

 

(Dollars in thousands)

Financial Guarantor

  Total     Pre-refunded
Securities
    Government
Guaranteed
Securities
    Exposure Net
of Pre-refunded
&  Government
Guaranteed

Securities
 

Ambac Financial Group

  $ 2,315      $ 1,256      $ —        $ 1,059   

Assured Guaranty Corporation

    11,176        —          —          11,176   

Municipal Bond Insurance Association

    7,123        —          —          7,123   

Gov’t National Housing Association

    1,404        137        1,267        —     

Permanent School Fund Guaranty

    8,840        —          8,840        —     
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total backed by financial guarantors

    30,858        1,393        10,107        19,358   

Other credit enhanced municipal bonds

    1,630        1,630        —          —     
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $ 32,488      $ 3,023      $ 10,107      $ 19,358   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

In addition to the $32.5 million of insurance enhanced municipal bonds, the Company also held insurance enhanced asset-backed and credit securities with a market value of approximately $18.4 million, which represented approximately 1.2% of the Company’s total invested assets net of receivable/payable for securities purchased and sold. The financial guarantors of the Company’s $18.4 million of insurance enhanced asset-backed and credit securities include Municipal Bond Insurance Association ($4.4 million), Ambac ($1.6 million), Assured Guaranty Corporation ($7.2 million), and Other ($5.2 million).

The Company had no direct investments in the entities that have provided financial guarantees or other credit support to any security held by the Company at September 30, 2013.

Bonds Held on Deposit

Certain cash balances, cash equivalents, equity securities and bonds available for sale were deposited with various governmental authorities in accordance with statutory requirements, were held as collateral pursuant to borrowing arrangements, or were held in trust pursuant to intercompany reinsurance agreements. The fair values were as follows as of September 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012:

 

     Estimated Fair Value  
(Dollars in thousands)    September 30, 2013     December 31, 2012  

On deposit with governmental authorities

   $ 41,825      $ 42,492   

Intercompany trusts held for the benefit of U.S. policyholders

     572,644        553,893   

Held in trust pursuant to third party requirements

     115,492        132,684   

Held in trust pursuant to U.S. regulatory requirements for the benefit of U.S. policyholders

     6,355        6,368   

Securities held as collateral for borrowing arrangements

     77,441 (a)      —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ 813,757      $ 735,437   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(a) Amount required to collateralize margin borrowing facility.

 

5. Fair Value Measurements

The accounting standards related to fair value measurements define fair value, establish a framework for measuring fair value, outline a fair value hierarchy based on inputs used to measure fair value, and enhance disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. These standards do not change existing guidance as to whether or not an instrument is carried at fair value. The Company has determined that its fair value measurements are in accordance with the requirements of these accounting standards.

 

16


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GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

The Company’s invested assets are carried at their fair value and are categorized based upon a fair value hierarchy:

 

    Level 1—inputs utilize quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets that the Company has the ability to access at the measurement date.

 

    Level 2—inputs utilize other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are observable for similar assets, either directly or indirectly.

 

    Level 3—inputs are unobservable for the asset, and include situations where there is little, if any, market activity for the asset.

In certain cases, the inputs used to measure fair value may fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In such cases, the level in the fair value hierarchy within which the fair value measurement falls has been determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment, and considers factors specific to the asset.

Both observable and unobservable inputs may be used to determine the fair value of positions that the Company has classified within the Level 3 category. As a result, the unrealized gains and losses for invested assets within the Level 3 category presented in the tables below may include changes in fair value that are attributed to both observable (e.g., changes in market interest rates) and unobservable (e.g., changes in unobservable long-dated volatilities) inputs.

The following table presents information about the Company’s invested assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of September 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques utilized by the Company to determine such fair value.

 

As of September 30, 2013   Fair Value Measurements  
(Dollars in thousands)   Level 1     Level 2     Level 3     Total  

Fixed maturities:

       

U.S. treasury and agency obligations

  $ 81,810      $ 10,935      $  —        $ 92,745   

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

    —          190,026        —          190,026   

Mortgage-backed securities

    —          245,540        —          245,540   

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

    —          53,164        —          53,164   

Asset-backed securities

    —          134,108        —          134,108   

Corporate bonds and loans

    —          423,841        —          423,841   

Foreign corporate bonds

    —          56,851        —          56,851   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total fixed maturities

    81,810        1,114,465        —          1,196,275   

Common stock

    233,415        —          —          233,415   

Other invested assets

    —          —          3,269        3,269   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total invested assets

  $ 315,225      $ 1,114,465      $ 3,269      $ 1,432,959   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

As of December 31, 2012   Fair Value Measurements  
(Dollars in thousands)   Level 1     Level 2     Level 3     Total  

Fixed maturities:

       

U.S. treasury and agency obligations

  $ 89,981      $ 18,763      $  —        $ 108,744   

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

    —          201,077        —          201,077   

Mortgage-backed securities

    —          255,942        —          255,942   

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

    —          8,117        —          8,117   

Asset-backed securities

    —          113,351        —          113,351   

Corporate bonds and loans

    —          486,171        —          486,171   

Foreign corporate bonds

    —          55,920        —          55,920   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total fixed maturities

    89,981        1,139,341        —          1,229,322   

Common stock

    197,075        —          —          197,075   

Other invested assets

    —          —          3,132        3,132   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total invested assets

  $ 287,056      $ 1,139,341      $ 3,132      $ 1,429,529   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

17


Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

The securities classified as Level 1 in the above table consist of U.S. Treasuries and equity securities actively traded on an exchange.

The securities classified as Level 2 in the above table consist primarily of fixed maturity securities. Based on the typical trading volumes and the lack of quoted market prices for fixed maturities, security prices are derived through recent reported trades for identical or similar securities making adjustments through the reporting date based upon available market observable information. If there are no recent reported trades, matrix or model processes are used to develop a security price where future cash flow expectations are developed based upon collateral performance and discounted at an estimated market rate. Included in the pricing of asset-backed securities, collateralized mortgage obligations, and mortgage-backed securities are estimates of the rate of future prepayments of principal over the remaining life of the securities. Such estimates are derived based on the characteristics of the underlying structure and prepayment speeds previously experienced at the interest rate levels projected for the underlying collateral. For corporate loans, price quotes from multiple dealers along with recent reported trades for identical or similar securities are used to develop prices.

There were no transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 during the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2013 or 2012.

The following table presents changes in Level 3 investments measured at fair value on a recurring basis for the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012:

 

    Other Invested Assets  
(Dollars in thousands)   Quarters Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2013     2012     2013     2012  

Beginning balance

  $ 3,226      $ 8,590      $ 3,132      $ 6,617   

Total gains (losses) (realized / unrealized):

       

Included in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

    37        (4,546     121        (2,579

Purchases

    6        7        16        13   

Sales

      (1,114       (1,114
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance

  $ 3,269      $ 2,937      $ 3,269      $ 2,937   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Losses included in earnings of the period attributable to the change in unrealized losses related to assets still held at the end of the period

  $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —     
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The investments classified as Level 3 in the above table relate to investments in limited partnerships that have invested primarily in publicly traded companies. However, not all of the partnerships’ investments are publicly traded, nor does the Company have access to daily valuations, therefore the estimated fair values of these limited partnerships are measured utilizing net asset value as a practical expedient for the limited partnerships. Material assumptions and factors utilized in pricing these investments include future cash flows, constant default rates, recovery rates, and any market clearing activity that may have occurred since the previous pricing period.

Fair Value of Alternative Investments

Included in “Other invested assets” in the fair value hierarchy at September 30, 2013 are limited liability partnerships measured at fair value. The following table provides the fair value and future funding commitments related to these investments at September 30, 2013.

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Fair Value      Future
Funding
Commitments
 

Equity Fund, LP (1)

   $ 3,269       $ 2,490   

Real Estate Fund, LP (2)

     —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 3,269       $ 2,490   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

18


Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

(1) This limited partnership invests in companies from various business sectors whereby the partnership has acquired control of the operating business as a lead or organizing investor. The Company does not have the contractual option to redeem its limited partnership interest but receives distributions based on the liquidation of the underlying assets. The Company does not have the ability to sell or transfer its limited partnership interest without consent from the general partner.
(2) This limited partnership invests in real estate assets through a combination of direct or indirect investments in partnerships, limited liability companies, mortgage loans, and lines of credit. The Company does not have the contractual option to redeem its limited partnership interest but receives distributions based on the liquidation of the underlying assets. The Company does not have the ability to sell or transfer its limited partnership interest without consent from the general partner. The Company continues to hold an investment in this limited partnership and has written the fair value down to zero.

Pricing

The Company’s pricing vendors provide prices for all investment categories except for investments in limited partnerships. One vendor provides prices for equity securities and all fixed maturity categories except for corporate loans. A second vendor provides prices for the corporate loan securities.

The following is a description of the valuation methodologies used by the Company’s pricing vendors for investment securities carried at fair value:

 

    Equity prices are received from all primary and secondary exchanges.

 

    Corporate and agency bonds are evaluated by utilizing a multi-dimensional relational model. For bonds with early redemption options, an option adjusted spread model is utilized. Both asset classes use standard inputs and incorporate security set up, defined sector breakdown, benchmark yields, apply base spreads, yield to maturity, and adjust for corporate actions.

 

    A volatility-driven multi-dimensional spread table or an option-adjusted spread model and prepayment model is used for agency commercial mortgage obligations (“CMO”). For non-agency CMOs, a prepayment/spread/yield/price adjustment model is utilized. CMOs are categorized with mortgage-backed securities in the tables listed above. For ABSs, a multi-dimensional, collateral specific spread / prepayment speed tables is utilized. For both asset classes, evaluations utilize standard inputs plus new issue data, monthly payment information, and collateral performance. The evaluated pricing models incorporate security set-up, prepayment speeds, cash flows, and treasury swap curves and spread adjustments.

 

    For municipals, a multi-dimensional relational model is used to evaluate securities within this asset class. The evaluated pricing models for this asset class incorporate security set-up, benchmark yields, apply base spreads, yield to worst or market convention, ratings updates, prepayment schedules and adjustments for material events notices.

 

    U.S. treasuries are evaluated by obtaining feeds from a number of live data sources including active market makers and inter-dealer brokers.

 

    For MBSs, a matrix model correlation to TBA (a forward MBS trade) or benchmarking is utilized to value a security.

 

    Corporate loans are priced using averages of bids and offers obtained from the broker/dealer community involved in trading such loans.

The Company performs certain procedures to validate whether the pricing information received from the pricing vendors is reasonable, to ensure that the fair value determination is consistent with accounting guidance, and to ensure that its assets are properly classified in the fair value hierarchy. The Company’s procedures include, but are not limited to:

 

    Reviewing periodic reports provided by the Investment Manager that provides information regarding rating changes and securities placed on watch. This procedure allows the Company to understand why a particular security’s market value may have changed.

 

19


Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

    Understanding and periodically evaluating the various pricing methods and procedures used by the Company’s pricing vendors to ensure that investments are properly classified within the fair value hierarchy.

 

    On a quarterly basis, the Company corroborates investment security prices received from its pricing vendors by obtaining pricing from a second pricing vendor for a sample of securities.

During the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2013, the Company has not adjusted quotes or prices obtained from the pricing vendors.

The reported value of financial instruments not carried at fair value, principally cash and cash equivalents, margin borrowing facility, and notes payable, approximate fair value.

 

6. Income Taxes

The statutory income tax rates of the countries where the Company does business are 35.0% in the United States, 0.0% in Bermuda, 0.0% in the Cayman Islands, 0.0% in Gibraltar, 28.8% in the Duchy of Luxembourg, and 25.0% on non-trading income, 30.0% on capital gains and 12.5% on trading income in the Republic of Ireland. The statutory income tax rate of each country is applied against the expected annual taxable income of the Company in each country to estimate the annual income tax expense. Total estimated annual income tax expense is divided by total estimated annual pre-tax income to determine the expected annual income tax rate used to compute the income tax provision. On an interim basis, the expected annual income tax rate is applied against interim pre-tax income, excluding net realized gains and losses and discrete items such as limited partnership distributions and make whole provisions (see Note 8), and then that amount is added to income taxes on net realized gains and losses, discrete items and limited partnership distributions. The Company’s income before income taxes from its non-U.S. subsidiaries and U.S. subsidiaries, including the results of the quota share and stop-loss agreements between Wind River Reinsurance and the Insurance Operations, for the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012 were as follows:

 

Quarter Ended September 30, 2013:

(Dollars in thousands)

  Non-U.S.
Subsidiaries
    U.S.
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Total  

Revenues:

       

Gross premiums written

  $ 37,676      $ 59,746      $ (28,637   $ 68,785   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums written

  $ 37,673      $ 26,357      $ —        $ 64,030   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums earned

  $ 40,282      $ 24,187      $ —        $ 64,469   

Net investment income

    8,443        4,983        (4,940     8,486   

Net realized investment gains (losses)

    (180     1,821        —          1,641   

Other income

    21        162        —          183   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

    48,566        31,153        (4,940     74,779   

Losses and Expenses:

       

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses

    18,300        17,183        —          35,483   

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses

    17,009        11,019        —          28,028   

Corporate and other operating expenses

    663        1,964        —          2,627   

Interest expense

    292        8,233        (4,940     3,585   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

  $ 12,302      $ (7,246   $ —        $ 5,056   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

20


Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

Quarter Ended September 30, 2012:

(Dollars in thousands)

  Non-U.S.
Subsidiaries
    U.S.
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Total  

Revenues:

       

Gross premiums written

  $ 29,595      $ 51,205      $ (23,851   $ 56,949   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums written

  $ 29,595      $ 21,860      $ —        $ 51,455   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums earned

  $ 34,198      $ 21,131      $ —        $ 55,329   

Net investment income

    13,687        5,726        (4,636     14,777   

Net realized investment gains

    584        2,627        —          3,211   

Other income (loss)

    (21     122        —          101   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

    48,448        29,606        (4,636     73,418   

Losses and Expenses:

       

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses

    20,672        14,735        —          35,407   

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses

    13,927        9,296        —          23,223   

Corporate and other operating expenses

    216        1,823        —          2,039   

Interest expense

    —          5,901        (4,636     1,265   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

  $ 13,633      $ (2,149   $ —        $ 11,484   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2013:

(Dollars in thousands)

  Non-U.S.
Subsidiaries
    U.S.
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Total  

Revenues:

       

Gross premiums written

  $ 137,974      $ 172,713      $ (82,718   $ 227,969   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums written

  $ 137,563      $ 76,291      $ —        $ 213,854   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums earned

  $ 110,944      $ 68,192      $ —        $ 179,136   

Net investment income

    27,217        15,778        (14,710     28,285   

Net realized investment gains

    66        10,138        —          10,204   

Other income (loss)

    (7     491        —          484   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

    138,220        94,599        (14,710     218,109   

Losses and Expenses:

       

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses

    51,709        50,486        —          102,195   

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses

    46,600        30,377        —          76,977   

Corporate and other operating expenses

    3,268        4,176        —          7,444   

Interest expense

    918        19,731        (14,710     5,939   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

  $ 35,725      $ (10,171   $ —        $ 25,554   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2012:

(Dollars in thousands)

  Non-U.S.
Subsidiaries
    U.S.
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Total  

Revenues:

       

Gross premiums written

  $ 100,183      $ 151,411      $ (69,255   $ 182,339   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums written

  $ 99,635      $ 63,236      $ —        $ 162,871   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums earned

  $ 113,039      $ 64,619      $ —        $ 177,658   

Net investment income

    32,745        18,326        (13,806     37,265   

Net realized investment gains

    915        5,998        —          6,913   

Other income (loss)

    (726     435        —          (291
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

    145,973        89,378        (13,806     221,545   

Losses and Expenses:

       

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses

    70,955        42,619        —          113,574   

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses

    43,502        26,648        —          70,150   

Corporate and other operating expenses

    3,190        3,673        —          6,863   

Interest expense

    —          18,019        (13,806     4,213   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

  $ 28,326      $ (1,581   $ —        $ 26,745   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table summarizes the components of income tax expense (benefit):

 

    Quarters Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
(Dollars in thousands)   2013     2012     2013     2012  

Current income tax expense (benefit):

       

Foreign

  $ 51      $ 34      $ 125      $ (594

U.S. Federal

    (2,461     1,131        (851     (5,560
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current income tax expense (benefit)

    (2,410     1,165        (726     (6,154
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Deferred income tax expense (benefit):

       

U.S. Federal

    518        406        (1,697     2,520   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total deferred income tax expense (benefit)

    518        406        (1,697     2,520   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total income tax expense (benefit)

  $ (1,892   $ 1,571      $ (2,423   $ (3,634
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

21


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GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

The weighted average expected tax provision has been calculated using income before income taxes in each jurisdiction multiplied by that jurisdiction’s applicable statutory tax rate.

The following tables summarize the differences between the tax provisions under accounting guidance applicable to interim financial statement periods and the expected tax provision at the weighted average tax rate:

 

    Quarters Ended September 30,  
(Dollars in thousands)   2013     2012  
    Amount     % of Pre-
Tax Income
    Amount     % of Pre-
Tax Income
 

Expected tax provision at weighted average rate

  $ (2,500     (49.5 %)    $ (719     (6.3 %) 

Adjustments:

       

Tax exempt interest

    (248     (4.9     (359     (3.1 %) 

Dividend exclusion

    (292     (5.8     (275     (2.4 %) 

Effective tax rate adjustment

    1,033        20.4        3,287        28.6

Other

    115        2.4        (363     (3.1 %) 
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income tax expense (benefit)

  $ (1,892     (37.4 %)    $ 1,571        13.7
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The effective income tax expense (benefit) rate for the quarter ended September 30, 2013 was (37.4%), compared to an effective income tax rate of 13.7% for the quarter ended September 30, 2012. The increase in the effective tax benefit rate is primarily due to a decrease in domestic operating income in 2013 compared to 2012. Any difference between the actual tax rate on an interim basis compared to the expected annual tax rate is reflected in the effective tax rate adjustment. The effective income tax expense (benefit) rate of (37.4%) and 13.7% for the quarter ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, differed from the weighted average expected income tax expense (benefit) rate of (49.5%) and (6.3%) for the quarter ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, due to the fact that the Company records income tax expense on an interim basis using the projected annual effective tax rate, net of tax-exempt interest and dividends.

 

    Nine Months Ended September 30,  
(Dollars in thousands)   2013     2012  
    Amount     % of Pre-
Tax Income
    Amount     % of Pre-
Tax Income
 

Expected tax provision at weighted average rate

  $ (3,450     (13.5 %)    $ (440     (1.6 %) 

Adjustments:

       

Tax exempt interest

    (804     (3.1     (1,138     (4.3 %) 

Dividend exclusion

    (880     (3.4     (807     (3.0 %) 

Effective tax rate adjustment

    2,565        10.0        (888     (3.3 %) 

Other

    146        0.5        (361     (1.4 %) 
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income tax expense (benefit)

  $ (2,423     (9.5 %)    $ (3,634     (13.6 %) 
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The effective income tax benefit rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 was (9.5%), compared to an effective income tax benefit rate of (13.6%) for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. The decrease in the effective tax benefit rate is primarily due to an increase in domestic capital gains in 2013 compared to 2012. Any difference between the actual tax rate on an interim basis compared to the expected annual tax rate is reflected in the effective tax rate adjustment. The effective income tax expense (benefit) rate of (9.5%) and (13.6%) for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, differed from the weighted average expected income tax expense (benefit) rate of (13.5%) and (1.6%) for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, due to the fact that the Company records income tax expense on an interim basis using the projected annual effective tax rate, net of tax-exempt interest and dividends.

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

The Company had an alternative minimum tax credit carry forward of $8.2 million as of September 30, 2013, $9.2 million as of December 31, 2012, and $6.3 million as of September 30, 2012, which can be carried forward indefinitely.

 

7. Liability for Unpaid Losses and Loss Adjustment Expenses

Activity in the liability for unpaid losses and loss adjustment expenses is summarized as follows:

 

    Quarters Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
(Dollars in thousands)   2013     2012     2013     2012  

Balance at beginning of period

  $ 844,918      $ 941,283      $ 879,114      $ 971,377   

Less: Ceded reinsurance receivables

    229,815        274,178        240,546        283,652   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net balance at beginning of period

    615,103        667,105        638,568        687,725   

Incurred losses and loss adjustment expenses related to:

       

Current year

    37,115        36,096        107,202        116,381   

Prior years

    (1,632     (689     (5,007     (2,807
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total incurred losses and loss adjustment expenses

    35,483        35,407        102,195        113,574   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Paid losses and loss adjustment expenses related to:

       

Current year

    15,090        15,488        34,354        34,740   

Prior years

    32,088        32,389        103,001        111,923   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total paid losses and loss adjustment expenses

    47,178        47,877        137,355        146,663   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net balance at end of period

    603,408        654,637        603,408        654,637   

Plus: Ceded reinsurance receivables

    219,655        269,141        219,655        269,141   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

  $ 823,063      $ 923,778      $ 823,063      $ 923,778   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

When analyzing loss reserves and prior year development, the Company considers many factors, including the frequency and severity of claims, loss trends, case reserve settlements that may have resulted in significant development, and any other additional or pertinent factors that may impact reserve estimates.

In the third quarter of 2013, the Company reduced its prior accident year loss reserves by $1.6 million, which consisted of a $1.8 million decrease related to Insurance Operations and a $0.2 million increase related to Reinsurance Operations.

The $1.8 million decrease related to Insurance Operations primarily consisted of the following:

 

    Property: A $2.4 million reduction primarily driven by $2.5 million of better than expected development from accident years 2011 and 2012 related primarily to lower than expected non-catastrophe severity.

 

    General Liability: A $2.4 million reduction is primarily due to better than expected emergence from accident years 1996 to 2007 of $4.8 million offset by a $2.4 million increase which is primarily due to accident year 2008 and 2012 due to higher than anticipated loss emergence.

 

    Asbestos and Environmental: A $1.8 million increase primarily related to policies written prior to 1990.

 

    Professional: A $0.6 million increase primarily driven by unexpected loss emergence in accident years 2008, 2010, and 2011.

 

    Umbrella: A $0.3 million increase primarily driven by loss emergence in accident years 2008 to 2012.

 

    Commercial Auto: A $0.4 million increase in aggregate related to accident years 2011 and 2012.

The $0.2 million increase related to Reinsurance Operations primarily consisted of an increase in auto liability lines primarily related to accident years 2009 to 2012.

In the third quarter of 2012, the Company reduced its prior accident year loss reserves by $0.7 million, which consisted of a $1.4 million decrease related to Insurance Operations and a $0.7 million increase related to Reinsurance Operations.

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

The $1.4 million decrease related to Insurance Operations primarily consisted of the following:

 

    Professional liability: A $1.9 million reduction primarily related to accident years 2004 through 2011 driven by continued favorable development on lawyer, real estate and allied health and social services exposures.

 

    Auto liability: A $0.5 million increase mainly driven by continued loss emergence in accident year 2011.

 

    General liability: A $0.1 million decrease primarily consisting of favorable emergence on small business binding and casualty brokerage exposures, offset by increases to construction defect reserves.

The $0.7 million increase related to Reinsurance Operations primarily consisted of an increase in auto liability lines primarily related to accident years 2009 and 2010 and was driven by increased frequency and severity.

In the first nine months of 2013, the Company reduced its prior accident year loss reserves by $5.0 million, which consisted of a $5.0 million decrease related to Insurance Operations and a less than $0.1 million increase related to Reinsurance Operations.

The $5.0 million decrease related to Insurance Operations primarily consisted of the following:

 

    Property: A $7.4 million reduction primarily driven by better than expected development from accident year 2012 catastrophes as well as lower than expected non-catastrophe severity from accident years 2008 through 2012.

 

    General Liability: A $6.3 million reduction primarily due to better than expected emergence in nearly all accident years between 1995 through 2011 offset by an increase to accident year 2012 due to higher than anticipated loss emergence.

 

    Asbestos and Environmental: A $7.3 million increase primarily related to policies written prior to 1990.

 

    Umbrella: A $0.5 million increase primarily driven by loss emergence in accident years 2008 to 2012.

 

    Commercial Auto: A $0.5 million increase primarily related to accident year 2011.

 

    Marine: A $0.3 million increase primarily related to accident year 2011 due to greater than expected loss emergence on hull claims and protection and indemnity claims.

In the first nine months of 2012, the Company reduced its prior accident year loss reserves by $2.8 million, which consisted of a $3.6 million decrease related to Insurance Operations and a $0.8 million increase related to Reinsurance Operations.

The $3.6 million decrease related to Insurance Operations primarily consisted of the following:

 

    General liability: A $3.2 million reduction primarily due to favorable emergence in accident years 2008 and prior on small business binding and casualty brokerage exposures. Partially offsetting these reductions were increases to construction defect reserves. The Company also decreased its reinsurance allowance by $0.3 million in this line due to changes in its reinsurance exposure on specifically identified claims and general decreases in ceded reserves.

 

    Professional liability: A $2.2 million reduction primarily related to accident years 2004 through 2011 driven by continued favorable development on lawyer, real estate and allied health and social services exposures.

 

    Umbrella: A $0.4 million reduction primarily related to accident years 2008 and prior due to continued favorable emergence. Umbrella coverage typically attaches to other coverage lines, so these net decreases follow the decreases in general and professional liability above.

 

    Property: A $0.8 million increase primarily related to accident year 2011 due to greater than expected loss emergence on a large sinkhole claim.

 

    Marine: A $0.8 million increase primarily related to accident year 2011 due to greater than expected loss emergence on hull claims and protection and indemnity claims.

 

    Auto liability: A $0.5 million increase primarily driven by continued loss emergence in accident year 2011.

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

The $0.8 million increase related to Reinsurance Operations primarily consisted of a $0.7 million increase in auto liability lines primarily related to accident year 2009 and was driven by increased frequency and severity.

 

8. Debt

Debt consisted of the following as of September 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012:

 

     September 30,
2013
     December 31,
2012
 

Margin borrowing facility

   $ 65,009       $ —     

6.22% guaranteed senior notes due July 2013 to July 2015

     —           54,000   

Three-month LIBOR plus 4.05% junior subordinated debentures due September 2033

     —           10,310   

Three-month LIBOR plus 3.85% junior subordinated debentures due October 2033

     20,619         20,619   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total debt

   $ 85,628       $ 84,929   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Margin Borrowing Facility

On July 19, 2013, the Company entered into a margin borrowing facility with a borrowing rate that is currently equal to the one week LIBOR rate plus 65 basis points, which combined is currently less than 1%. This facility is due on demand. The borrowing is subject to maintenance margin, which is a minimum account balance that must be maintained. A decline in market conditions could require an additional deposit of collateral. As of September 30, 2013, approximately $77.4 million in collateral was deposited to support the borrowing. The amount borrowed against the margin account may fluctuate as routine investment transactions, such as dividends received, investment income received, maturities and pay-downs, impact cash balances. The margin facility contains customary events of default, including, without limitation, insolvency, failure to make required payments, failure to comply with any representations or warranties, failure to adequately assure future performance, and failure of a guarantor to perform under its guarantee.

Guaranteed Senior Notes

On July 19, 2013, the Company paid the entire outstanding principal amount on its guaranteed senior notes. The payment of $58.6 million consisted of principal of $54.0 million and interest of $4.6 million, which included a make-whole provision of $2.9 million. This payment was funded by borrowing $60.0 million pursuant to the Company’s margin borrowing facility. Please see Note 13 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8 of Part II of the Company’s 2012 Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information on the guaranteed senior notes.

Junior Subordinated Debentures

On September 30, 2013, the Company redeemed the entire outstanding principal amount on its UNG Trust I junior subordinated notes. The payment of $10.4 million consisted of principal of $10.3 million and interest of $0.1 million. This payment was funded by borrowing $10.0 million pursuant to the Company’s margin borrowing facility. Please see Note 13 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8 of Part II of the Company’s 2012 Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information on the UNG Trust I junior subordinated notes.

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

9. Shareholders’ Equity

Repurchases of the Company’s A ordinary shares

There were no A ordinary shares that were surrendered or repurchased during the quarter ended September 30, 2013. The approximate dollar value of shares that may yet be purchased under the Company’s repurchase program is $16,857,963 as of September 30, 2013.

The following table provides information with respect to the A ordinary shares that were surrendered or repurchased during the quarter ended September 30, 2012:

 

Period (1)

   Total Number
of Shares
Purchased
         Average
Price Paid
Per Share
     Total Number of Shares
Purchased as Part of
Publicly Announced Plan
or Program
     Approximate Dollar Value
of Shares That May Yet Be
Purchased Under the Plan
or Program (2)
 

July 1 – 31, 2012

     —           $ —           —         $ —     

August 1 – 31, 2012

     —           $ —           —         $ 25,000,000   

September 1 – 30, 2012

     265,789      (3)    $ 20.70         265,789       $ 19,503,588   
  

 

 

         

 

 

    

Total

     265,789         $ 20.70         265,789      
  

 

 

         

 

 

    

 

(1) Based on settlement date.
(2) Approximate dollar value of shares that may yet be purchased is as of the last date of the applicable month.
(3) Purchased as part of the repurchase authorization announced in August 2012.

Please see Note 14 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8 Part II of the Company’s 2012 Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information on the Company’s repurchase program.

 

10. Related Party Transactions

Fox Paine & Company

As of September 30, 2013, Fox Paine & Company, LLC (“Fox Paine”) beneficially owned shares having approximately 93.0% of the Company’s total outstanding voting power. Fox Paine has the right to appoint a number of the Company’s Directors equal in aggregate to the pro rata percentage of the voting shares beneficially held by Fox Paine of the Company, for so long as Fox Paine holds an aggregate of 25% or more of the voting power in the Company. Fox Paine controls the election of all of the Company’s Directors due to its controlling share ownership. The Company’s Chairman is a member of Fox Paine. The Company relies on Fox Paine to provide management services and other services related to the operations of the Company.

As of September 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, Wind River Reinsurance was a limited partner in Fox Paine Capital Fund, II, which is managed by Fox Paine. This investment was originally made by United National Insurance Company in June 2000 and pre-dates the September 5, 2003 acquisition by Fox Paine of Wind River Investment Corporation, which was the predecessor holding company for United National Insurance Company. The Company’s investment in this limited partnership was valued at $3.3 million and $3.1 million at September 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively. At September 30, 2013, the Company had an unfunded capital commitment of $2.5 million to the partnership. There were no distributions received from the limited partnership during the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2013. A distribution of $5.4 million was received from the limited partnership during the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2012.

The Company incurred management fees of $0.3 million in each of the quarters ended September 30, 2013 and 2012 and $1.1 million in each of the nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012 as part of the annual management fee that is paid to Fox Paine.

Cozen O’Connor

The Company did not incur any fees for legal services rendered by Cozen O’Connor during the quarters ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. The Company incurred $0.02 million and $0.2 million for legal services rendered by Cozen O’Connor during the nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Stephen A. Cozen, the chairman of Cozen O’Connor, is a member of the Company’s Board of Directors.

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

Crystal & Company

During each of the quarters ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, the Company incurred $0.1 million in brokerage fees to Crystal & Company, an insurance broker. During each of the nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, the Company incurred $0.2 million in brokerage fees to Crystal & Company. Prior to October 15, 2012, Crystal & Company was known as Frank Crystal & Company. James W. Crystal, the chairman and chief executive officer of Crystal & Company, is a member of the Company’s Board of Directors.

Hiscox Insurance Company (Bermuda) Ltd.

Wind River Reinsurance is a participant in a reinsurance agreement with Hiscox Insurance Company (Bermuda) Ltd. (“Hiscox Bermuda”) effective January 1, 2013. Steve Green, the President of Wind River Reinsurance, is a member of Hiscox Bermuda’s Board of Directors. The Company estimated that the following earned premium and incurred losses related to the agreement have been assumed by Wind River Reinsurance from Hiscox Bermuda:

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Quarter Ended
September 30,

2013
     Nine Months Ended
September 30,

2013
 

Assumed earned premium

   $ 955       $ 1,953   

Assumed losses and loss adjustment expenses

     287         665   

Net balances due to Wind River Reinsurance under this agreement are as follows:

 

(Dollars in thousands)    As of
September 30,
2013
 

Net balance receivable

   $ 3,077   

 

11. Commitments and Contingencies

Legal Proceedings

The Company is, from time to time, involved in various legal proceedings in the ordinary course of business. The Company maintains insurance and reinsurance coverage for such risks in amounts that it considers adequate. However, there can be no assurance that the insurance and reinsurance coverage that the Company maintains is sufficient or will be available in adequate amounts or at a reasonable cost. The Company does not believe that the resolution of any currently pending legal proceedings, either individually or taken as a whole, will have a material adverse effect on its business, results of operations, cash flows, or financial condition.

There is a greater potential for disputes with reinsurers who are in runoff. Some of the Company’s reinsurers’ have operations that are in runoff, and therefore, the Company closely monitors those relationships. The Company anticipates that, similar to the rest of the insurance and reinsurance industry, it will continue to be subject to litigation and arbitration proceedings in the ordinary course of business.

 

12. Share-Based Compensation Plans

During the nine months ended September 30, 2013, the Company issued 95,879 A ordinary shares at a weighted average grant date value of $21.81 per share to key employees and a former employee of the Company under the Global Indemnity plc Share Incentive Plan (the “Plan”). Of the shares issued in 2013, 81,587 are unvested and subject to certain restrictions and 14,292 were issued as a result of a former employee exercising previously granted options with an exercise price of $20.00 per share. During the nine months ended September 30, 2012, the Company issued 29,675 A ordinary shares at a weighted average grant date value of $18.60 per share to key employees under the Plan. All of the shares issued in 2012 were subject to certain restrictions.

 

27


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GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

During the quarter ended September 30, 2013, the Company issued 7,717 A ordinary shares as a result of a former employee exercising previously granted options with an exercise price of $20.00 per share. The Company did not issue any shares to key employees during the quarter ended September 30, 2012.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, the Company issued an aggregate of 31,583 and 39,622 A ordinary shares, respectively, at a weighted average grant date value of $22.90 and $19.83 per share, respectively, to non-employee directors of the Company under the Plan. The 2012 shares are vested but subject to certain restriction, the 2013 shares are unvested.

During the quarters ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, the Company issued an aggregate of 9,718 and 11,487 A ordinary shares, respectively, subject to certain restrictions, at a weighted average grant date value of $23.55 and $20.25 per share, respectively, to non-employee directors of the Company under the Plan. The 2012 shares are vested but subject to certain restriction, the 2013 shares are unvested.

During the quarter ended September 30, 2013, the non-employee directors of the Company earned 9,326 A ordinary shares, with a weighted average grant date value of $25.46 per share. These shares have not yet been granted but are considered issued and outstanding for purposes of this financial statement and are subject to shareholder approval of the Company’s revised share incentive plan at the Company’s 2014 annual shareholder meeting.

 

13. Earnings Per Share

Earnings per share have been computed using the weighted average number of ordinary shares and ordinary share equivalents outstanding during the period.

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share:

 

(Dollars in thousands,    Quarters Ended September 30,      Nine Months Ended September 30,  
except share and per share data)    2013      2012      2013      2012  

Net income

   $ 6,948       $ 9,913       $ 27,977       $ 30,379   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share:

           

Weighted average shares outstanding - basic

     25,082,237         25,391,885         25,065,725         27,263,275   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income per share

   $ 0.28       $ 0.39       $ 1.12       $ 1.11   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share:

           

Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted

     25,189,072         25,412,586         25,150,920         27,280,612   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income per share

   $ 0.28       $ 0.39       $ 1.11       $ 1.11   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

A reconciliation of weighted average shares for basic earnings per share to weighted average shares for diluted earnings per share is as follows:

 

     Quarters Ended September 30,      Nine Months Ended September 30,  
     2013      2012      2013      2012  

Weighted average shares for basic earnings per share

     25,082,237         25,391,885         25,065,725         27,263,275   

Non-vested restricted stock

     42,526         12,092         48,540         17,318   

Options

     64,309         8,609         36,655         19   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average shares for diluted earnings per share

     25,189,072         25,412,586         25,150,920         27,280,612   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

The weighted average shares outstanding used to determine dilutive earnings per share for the quarters ended September 30, 2013 and 2012 do not include 45,450 and 546,482 shares, respectively, which were deemed to be anti-dilutive. The weighted average shares outstanding used to determine dilutive earnings per share for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012 do not include 45,450 and 565,775 shares, respectively, which were deemed to be anti-dilutive.

 

14. Segment Information

The following are tabulations of business segment information for the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012.

 

Quarter Ended September 30, 2013:

(Dollars in thousands)

   Insurance
Operations
    (1)   Reinsurance
Operations
    (2)   Total  

Revenues:

          

Gross premiums written

   $ 59,747        $ 9,038          68,785   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Net premiums written

   $ 54,995        $ 9,035        $ 64,030   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Net premiums earned

   $ 50,655        $ 13,814        $ 64,469   

Other income

     165          18          183   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Total revenues

     50,820          13,832          64,652   

Losses and Expenses:

          

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses

     30,230          5,253          35,483   

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses

     23,124      (3)     4,904          28,028   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Income (loss) from segments

   $ (2,534     $ 3,675          1,141   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

Unallocated Items:

          

Net investment income

             8,486   

Net realized investment gains

             1,641   

Corporate and other operating expenses

             (2,627

Interest expense

             (3,585
          

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

             5,056   

Income tax benefit

             1,892   
          

 

 

 

Net income

           $ 6,948   
          

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 1,262,325        $ 656,105      (4)   $ 1,918,430   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

 

(1) Includes business ceded to the Company’s Reinsurance Operations.
(2) External business only, excluding business assumed from affiliates.
(3) Includes federal excise tax of $264 relating to cessions from Insurance Operations to Reinsurance Operations.
(4) Comprised of Wind River Reinsurance’s total assets less its investment in subsidiaries.

 

Quarter Ended September 30, 2012:

(Dollars in thousands)

   Insurance
Operations
    (1)   Reinsurance
Operations
    (2)   Total  

Revenues:

          

Gross premiums written

   $ 51,205        $ 5,744        $ 56,949   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Net premiums written

   $ 45,710        $ 5,745        $ 51,455   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Net premiums earned

   $ 44,252        $ 11,077        $ 55,329   

Other income (loss)

     122          (21       101   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Total revenues

     44,374          11,056          55,430   

Losses and Expenses:

          

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses

     30,949          4,458          35,407   

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses

     19,525      (3)     3,698          23,223   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Income (loss) from segments

   $ (6,100     $ 2,900          (3,200
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

Unallocated Items:

          

Net investment income

             14,777   

Net realized investment gains

             3,211   

Corporate and other operating expenses

             (2,039

Interest expense

             (1,265
          

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

             11,484   

Income tax expense

             (1,571
          

 

 

 

Net income

           $ 9,913   
          

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 1,336,680        $ 627,667      (4)   $ 1,964,347   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

(1) Includes business ceded to the Company’s Reinsurance Operations.
(2) External business only, excluding business assumed from affiliates.
(3) Includes federal excise tax of $231 relating to cessions from Insurance Operations to Reinsurance Operations.
(4) Comprised of Wind River Reinsurance’s total assets less its investment in subsidiaries.

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2013:

(Dollars in thousands)

   Insurance
Operations
    (1)   Reinsurance
Operations
    (2)   Total  

Revenues:

          

Gross premiums written

   $ 172,714        $ 55,255          227,969   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Net premiums written

   $ 159,010        $ 54,844        $ 213,854   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Net premiums earned

   $ 142,812        $ 36,324        $ 179,136   

Other income (loss)

     494          (10       484   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Total revenues

     143,306          36,314          179,620   

Losses and Expenses:

          

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses

     89,580          12,615          102,195   

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses

     64,205      (3)     12,772          76,977   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Income (loss) from segments

   $ (10,479     $ 10,927          448   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

Unallocated Items:

          

Net investment income

             28,285   

Net realized investment gains

             10,204   

Corporate and other operating expenses

             (7,444

Interest expense

             (5,939
          

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

             25,554   

Income tax benefit

             2,423   
          

 

 

 

Net income

           $ 27,977   
          

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 1,262,325        $ 656,105      (4)   $ 1,918,430   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

 

(1) Includes business ceded to the Company’s Reinsurance Operations.
(2) External business only, excluding business assumed from affiliates.
(3) Includes federal excise tax of $746 relating to cessions from Insurance Operations to Reinsurance Operations.
(4) Comprised of Wind River Reinsurance’s total assets less its investment in subsidiaries.

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2012:

(Dollars in thousands)

   Insurance
Operations
    (1)   Reinsurance
Operations
    (2)   Total  

Revenues:

          

Gross premiums written

   $ 151,410        $ 30,929        $ 182,339   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Net premiums written

   $ 132,490        $ 30,381        $ 162,871   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Net premiums earned

   $ 135,256        $ 42,402        $ 177,658   

Other income (loss)

     435          (726       (291
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Total revenues

     135,691          41,676          177,367   

Losses and Expenses:

          

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses

     93,971          19,603          113,574   

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses

     58,543      (3)     11,607          70,150   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

Income (loss) from segments

   $ (16,823     $ 10,466          (6,357
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

Unallocated Items:

          

Net investment income

             37,265   

Net realized investment gains

             6,913   

Corporate and other operating expenses

             (6,863

Interest expense

             (4,213
          

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

             26,745   

Income tax benefit

             3,634   
          

 

 

 

Net income

           $ 30,379   
          

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 1,336,680        $ 627,667      (4)   $ 1,964,347   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

 

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

(1) Includes business ceded to the Company’s Reinsurance Operations.
(2) External business only, excluding business assumed from affiliates.
(3) Includes federal excise tax of $706 relating to cessions from Insurance Operations to Reinsurance Operations.
(4) Comprised of Wind River Reinsurance’s total assets less its investment in subsidiaries.

 

15. Subsequent Events

On October 29, 2013, the Company redeemed the entire outstanding principal amount on its UNG Trust II junior subordinated notes. The payment of $20.8 million consisted of principal of $20.6 million and interest of $0.2 million. This payment was funded by borrowing $20.2 million pursuant to the Company’s margin borrowing facility. See Note 8 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of Part 1 of this report for details on the terms of the margin borrowing facility.

On October 31, 2013, the Company entered into an Amendment and Restatement of the Management Agreement with Fox Paine & Company, LLC (the “Amended and Restated Agreement”). The Amended and Restated Agreement reflects the 4th amendment to the original Management Agreement, which was entered into on September 5, 2003 when Fox Paine made its initial investment in the Company, and restates the agreement in its entirety for clarity sake. The material modifications to the Amended and Restated Agreement are as follows:

1. Consequences of a Change of Control

a. Replaces the fixed $10 million termination fee payable to Fox Paine at the closing of a change of control in connection with a termination of the management services, which was put in place in March 2011, with a cash fee in an amount to be agreed upon, plus reimbursement of expenses.

b. Replaces the fixed 1% transaction fee payable on to Fox Paine at the closing of a change of control, which was put in place in March 2011, with a cash fee in an amount to be agreed upon, plus reimbursement of expenses.

2. Definition of Change of Control

a. Simplifies the definition of a “change of control” to only extraordinary transactions in which (A) all or substantially all of the assets of Global Indemnity PLC are sold or exchanged, or (B) the majority of the outstanding shares of capital stock of Global Indemnity PLC representing the majority of the voting power or all outstanding shares of capital stock of Global Indemnity PLC that are not held directly or indirectly by a Fox Paine Entity are sold or exchanged

b. Deletes the exception precluding a change of control with or involving Fox Paine, which was put in place in March 2011.

3. Beginning on September 5, 2014, defers payment of the Annual Service Fee until a change of control or September, 2018, whichever occurs first, in exchange for an annual adjustment (the “Adjustment Amount”) equal to the percentage rate of return the Company earns on its investment portfolio multiplied by the aggregate Annual Services Fees and Adjustment Amounts accumulated and unpaid through such date

4. Adjusts the $1.5 million Annual Service Fee to reflect the aggregate increase in the CPI-U from August 31, 2003 to August 31, 2013 to $1.9 million.

a. Additionally provides that the Annual Service Fee will be adjusted on an ongoing basis annually to reflect the year over year change in the CPI-U

 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

Additionally, on October 31, 2013 the Company entered into an Amendment (the “Amendment”) to the Amended and Restated Shareholders Agreement by and among the Company, U.N. Holdings (Cayman), Ltd., U.N. Holding (Cayman) II, LTD. and other co-investment funds. The material modifications to the Amendment and Restated Shareholders Agreement by virtue of the Amendment are as follows:

1. Permits Fox Paine to distribute shares on a non pro rata basis to its limited partners.

2. Provides the Company with a Right of First Refusal on shares distributed by Fox Paine to its limited partners in connection with proposed sales by limited partners.

3. Upon request, requires the Company to file a shelf registration statement on Form S-3 to permit Fox Paine and Fox Paine limited partners to sell shares that are subject to volume or holding restrictions under Rule 144 during regular trading windows of the Company, only after offering the shares first to the Company.

 

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Item 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion and analysis of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes of Global Indemnity included elsewhere in this report. Some of the information contained in this discussion and analysis or set forth elsewhere in this report, including information with respect to the Company’s plans and strategy, constitutes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Please see “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” at the end of this Item 2 for a discussion of important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results described in or implied by the forward-looking statements contained herein. For more information regarding the Company’s business and operations, please see the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012.

Recent Developments

On October 29, 2013, the Company redeemed the entire outstanding principal amount on its UNG Trust II junior subordinated notes. The payment of $20.8 million consisted of principal of $20.6 million and interest of $0.2 million. This payment was funded by borrowing $20.2 million pursuant to the Company’s margin borrowing facility. See Note 8 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of Part 1 of this report for details on the terms of the margin borrowing facility.

On October 31, 2013, the Company entered into an Amendment and Restatement of the Management Agreement with Fox Paine & Company, LLC (the “Amended and Restated Agreement”). See Note 15 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of Part 1 of this report for details on the Amended and Restated Agreement.

Overview

The Company’s Insurance Operations distribute property and casualty insurance products through a group of approximately 100 professional general agencies that have limited quoting and binding authority, as well as a number of wholesale insurance brokers who in turn sell the Company’s insurance products to insureds through retail insurance brokers. The Company operates predominantly in the excess and surplus lines marketplace. To manage its operations, the Company differentiates them by product classification. These product classifications are: 1) Penn-America, which includes property and general liability products for small commercial businesses distributed through a select network of wholesale general agents with specific binding authority; 2) United National, which includes property, general liability, and professional lines products distributed through program administrators with specific binding authority; and 3) Diamond State, which includes property, casualty, and professional lines products distributed through wholesale brokers and program administrators with specific binding authority.

The Company’s Reinsurance Operations segment provides reinsurance solutions through brokers, program managers and primary writers, including regional insurance companies, and consists solely of the operations of Wind River Reinsurance. Wind River Reinsurance is a Bermuda based treaty reinsurer of excess and surplus lines carriers, specialty property and casualty insurance companies and U.S. regional insurance writers. Wind River Reinsurance conducts business in Bermuda and is focused on using its capital capacity to write catastrophe-oriented placements and other niche or specialty-focused treaties meeting the Company’s risk tolerance and return thresholds. Given the current pricing environment, Wind River Reinsurance continues to cautiously deploy and manage its capital while seeking to position itself as a niche reinsurance solution provider.

The Company derives its revenues primarily from premiums paid on insurance policies that it writes and from income generated by its investment portfolio, net of fees paid for investment management services. The amount of insurance premiums that the Company receives is a function of the amount and type of policies it writes, as well as of prevailing market prices.

The Company’s expenses include losses and loss adjustment expenses, acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses, corporate and other operating expenses, interest, investment expenses, and income taxes. Losses and loss adjustment expenses are estimated by management and reflect the Company’s best estimate of ultimate losses and

 

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costs arising during the reporting period and revisions of prior period estimates. The Company records losses and loss adjustment expenses based on an actuarial analysis of the estimated losses the Company expects to incur on the insurance policies it writes. The ultimate losses and loss adjustment expenses will depend on the actual costs to resolve claims. Acquisition costs consist principally of commissions and premium taxes that are typically a percentage of the premiums on the insurance policies the Company writes, net of ceding commissions earned from reinsurers. Other underwriting expenses consist primarily of personnel expenses and general operating expenses. Corporate and other operating expenses are comprised primarily of outside legal fees, other professional and accounting fees, directors’ fees, management fees, salaries and benefits for company personnel whose services relate to the support of corporate activities, and capital duty taxes incurred. Interest expense consists primarily of interest on senior notes payable, junior subordinated debentures, margin borrowing facility and funds held on behalf of others.

Critical Accounting Estimates and Policies

The Company’s consolidated financial statements are prepared in conformity with GAAP, which requires it to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates and assumptions.

The Company believes that of its significant accounting policies, the following may involve a higher degree of judgment and estimation.

Liability for Unpaid Losses and Loss Adjustment Expenses

Although variability is inherent in estimates, the Company believes that the liability for unpaid losses and loss adjustment expenses reflects its best estimate for future amounts needed to pay losses and related loss adjustment expenses and the impact of its reinsurance coverage with respect to insured events.

In developing loss and loss adjustment expense (“loss” or “losses”) reserve estimates for the Company’s Insurance Operations, its actuaries perform detailed reserve analyses each quarter. To perform the analysis, the data is organized at a “reserve category” level. A reserve category can be a line of business such as commercial automobile liability, or it can be a particular type of claim such as construction defect. The reserves within a reserve category level are characterized as short-tail and long-tail. For long-tail business, it will generally be several years between the time the business is written and the time when all claims are settled. The Company’s long-tail exposures include general liability, professional liability, products liability, commercial automobile liability, and excess and umbrella. Short-tail exposures include property, commercial automobile physical damage, and equine mortality. To manage its insurance operations, the Company differentiates by product classifications, which are Penn-America, United National, and Diamond State. For further discussion about the Company’s product classifications, see “General – Business Segments – Insurance Operations” in Item 1 of Part I of the Company’s 2012 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Each of the Company’s product classifications contain both long-tail and short-tail exposures. Every reserve category is analyzed by the Company’s actuaries each quarter. The analyses generally include reviews of losses gross of reinsurance and net of reinsurance.

Loss reserve estimates for the Company’s Reinsurance Operations are developed by independent, external actuaries; however management is responsible for the final determination of loss reserve selections. The data for this analysis is organized by treaty and treaty year. As with the Company’s reserves for its Insurance Operations, reserves for its Reinsurance Operations are characterized as short-tail and long-tail. Long-tail exposures include workers compensation, professional liability, and excess and umbrella liability. Short-tail exposures are primarily catastrophe exposed property accounts. Management reviews each treaty each quarter both gross and net of reinsurance.

In addition to the Company’s internal reserve analysis, independent external actuaries perform a full, detailed review of the Insurance and Reinsurance Operations’ reserves annually. Management periodically requests that additional reviews by independent external actuaries be performed at other times during the year. The Company does not rely upon the review by the independent actuaries to develop its reserves; however, the data is used to corroborate the analysis performed by the in-house actuarial staff and management.

 

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The methods used to project ultimate losses for both long-tail and short-tail exposures include, but are not limited to, the following:

 

    Paid Development method;

 

    Incurred Development method;

 

    Expected Loss Ratio method;

 

    Bornhuetter-Ferguson method using premiums and paid loss;

 

    Bornhuetter-Ferguson method using premiums and incurred loss; and

 

    Average Loss method.

The Paid Development method estimates ultimate losses by reviewing paid loss patterns and applying them to accident years with further expected changes in paid loss. Selection of the paid loss pattern requires analysis of several factors including the impact of inflation on claims costs, the rate at which claims professionals make claim payments and close claims, the impact of judicial decisions, the impact of underwriting changes, the impact of large claim payments and other factors. Claim cost inflation itself requires evaluation of changes in the cost of repairing or replacing property, changes in the cost of medical care, changes in the cost of wage replacement, judicial decisions, legislative changes and other factors. Because this method assumes that losses are paid at a consistent rate, changes in any of these factors can impact the results. Since the method does not rely on case reserves, it is not directly influenced by changes in the adequacy of case reserves.

For many reserve categories, paid loss data for recent periods may be too immature or erratic for accurate predictions. This situation often exists for long-tail exposures. In addition, changes in the factors described above may result in inconsistent payment patterns. Finally, estimating the paid loss pattern subsequent to the most mature point available in the data analyzed often involves considerable uncertainty for long-tail reserve categories.

The Incurred Development method is similar to the Paid Development method, but it uses case incurred losses instead of paid losses. Since this method uses more data (case reserves in addition to paid losses) than the Paid Development method, the incurred development patterns may be less variable than paid development patterns. However, selection of the incurred loss pattern requires analysis of all of the factors listed in the description of the Paid Development method. In addition, the inclusion of case reserves can lead to distortions if changes in case reserving practices have taken place and the use of case incurred losses may not eliminate the issues associated with estimating the incurred loss pattern subsequent to the most mature point available.

The Expected Loss Ratio method multiplies premiums by an expected loss ratio to produce ultimate loss estimates for each accident year. This method may be useful if loss development patterns are inconsistent, losses emerge very slowly, or there is relatively little loss history from which to estimate future losses. The selection of the expected loss ratio requires analysis of loss ratios from earlier accident years or pricing studies and analysis of inflationary trends, frequency trends, rate changes, underwriting changes, and other applicable factors.

The Bornhuetter-Ferguson method using premiums and paid losses is a combination of the Paid Development method and the Expected Loss Ratio method. This method normally determines expected loss ratios similar to the method used for the Expected Loss Ratio method and requires analysis of the same factors described above. The method assumes that only future losses will develop at the expected loss ratio level. The percent of paid loss to ultimate loss implied from the Paid Development method is used to determine what percentage of ultimate loss is yet to be paid. The use of the pattern from the Paid Development method requires consideration of all factors listed in the description of the Paid Development method. The estimate of losses yet to be paid is added to current paid losses to estimate the ultimate loss for each year. This method will react very slowly if actual ultimate loss ratios are different from expectations due to changes not accounted for by the expected loss ratio calculation.

The Bornhuetter-Ferguson method using premiums and incurred losses is similar to the Bornhuetter-Ferguson method using premiums and paid losses except that it uses case incurred losses. The use of case incurred losses instead of paid losses can result in development patterns that are less variable than paid development patterns. However, the inclusion of case reserves can lead to distortions if changes in case reserving practices have taken place. The method requires analysis of all the factors that need to be reviewed for the Expected Loss Ratio and Incurred Development methods.

 

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The Average Loss method multiplies a projected number of ultimate claims by an estimated ultimate average loss for each accident year to produce ultimate loss estimates. Since projections of the ultimate number of claims are often less variable than projections of ultimate loss, this method can provide more reliable results for reserve categories where loss development patterns are inconsistent or too variable to be relied on exclusively. In addition, this method can more directly account for changes in coverage that impact the number and size of claims. However, this method can be difficult to apply to situations where very large claims or a substantial number of unusual claims result in volatile average claim sizes. Projecting the ultimate number of claims requires analysis of several factors including the rate at which policyholders report claims to the Company, the impact of judicial decisions, the impact of underwriting changes and other factors. Estimating the ultimate average loss requires analysis of the impact of large losses and claim cost trends based on changes in the cost of repairing or replacing property, changes in the cost of medical care, changes in the cost of wage replacement, judicial decisions, legislative changes and other factors.

For many exposures, especially those that can be considered long-tail, a particular accident year may not have a sufficient volume of paid losses to produce a statistically reliable estimate of ultimate losses. In such a case, the Company’s actuaries typically assign more weight to the Incurred Development method than to the Paid Development method. As claims continue to settle and the volume of paid losses increases, the actuaries may assign additional weight to the Paid Development method. For most of the Company’s reserve categories, even the incurred losses for accident years that are early in the claim settlement process will not be of sufficient volume to produce a reliable estimate of ultimate losses. In these cases, the Company will not assign any weight to the Paid and Incurred Development methods and will use the Bornhuetter-Ferguson and Expected Loss Ratio methods. For short-tail exposures, the Paid and Incurred Development methods can often be relied on sooner primarily because the Company’s history includes a sufficient number of years to cover the entire period over which paid and incurred losses are expected to change. However, the Company may also use the Expected Loss Ratio, Bornhuetter-Ferguson and Average Loss methods for short-tail exposures.

Generally, reserves for long-tail lines use the Expected Loss Ratio method for the most recent accident year, shift to the Bornhuetter-Ferguson methods for the next two years, and then shift to the Incurred and/or Paid Development method. Claims related to umbrella business are usually reported later than claims for other long-tail lines. For umbrella business, the Expected Loss Ratio and Bornhuetter-Ferguson methods are used for as many as six years before shifting to the Incurred Development method. Reserves for short-tail lines use the Bornhuetter-Ferguson methods for the most recent accident year and shift to the Incurred and/or Paid Development method in subsequent years.

For other more complex reserve categories where the above methods may not produce reliable indications, the Company uses additional methods tailored to the characteristics of the specific situation. Such reserve categories include losses from construction defects and asbestos and environmental (“A&E”).

For construction defect losses, the Company’s actuaries organize losses by the year in which they were reported. To estimate losses from claims that have not been reported, various extrapolation techniques are applied to the pattern of claims that have been reported to estimate the number of claims yet to be reported. This process requires analysis of several factors including the rate at which policyholders report claims to the Company, the impact of judicial decisions, the impact of underwriting changes and other factors. An average claim size is determined from past experience and applied to the number of unreported claims to estimate reserves for these claims.

Establishing reserves for A&E and other mass tort claims involves considerably more judgment than other types of claims due to, among other things, inconsistent court decisions, an increase in bankruptcy filings as a result of asbestos-related liabilities, and judicial interpretations that often expand theories of recovery and broaden the scope of coverage. The insurance industry continues to receive a substantial number of asbestos-related bodily injury claims, with an increasing focus being directed toward other parties, including installers of products containing asbestos rather than against asbestos manufacturers. This shift has resulted in significant insurance coverage litigation implicating applicable coverage defenses or determinations, if any, including but not limited to, determinations as to whether or not an asbestos-related bodily injury claim is subject to aggregate limits of liability found in most comprehensive general liability policies. In response to these continuing developments, management increased gross and net A&E reserves during 2008 to reflect its best estimate of A&E exposures.

 

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In 2009, one of the Company’s insurance companies was dismissed from a lawsuit seeking coverage from it and other unrelated insurance companies. The suit involved issues related to approximately 3,900 existing asbestos related bodily injury claims and future claims. The dismissal was the result of a settlement of a disputed claim related to accident year 1984. The settlement is conditioned upon certain legal events occurring which may trigger financial obligations by the insurance company.

On October 9, 2012, The United States District Court for the Northern District of California (District Court) issued an order confirming an amended plan of reorganization (Plan) for a named insured that included an injunction under 11 U.S.C. Section 524(g) (US bankruptcy code) related to the suit above. The injunction, also called a “channeling injunction,” precludes, inter alia, non-settling insurers from asserting claims against one of the Company’s insurance companies and asbestos related claims by third parties against one of the Company’s insurance companies that are related to the named insured. An appeal from the District Court order has been filed with the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals. A motion for stay to prevent the Plan and the channeling injunction from taking effect has been denied by the District Court. Management will continue to monitor the developments of the litigation to determine if any additional financial exposure is present.

In addition, the Company has exposure to other asbestos related matters. In 2013, two claims were reported on an excess policy that was written in 1985. Management will continue to monitor the developments of the litigation noted above as well as the new claims that have been reported to determine if any additional financial exposure is present.

Reserve analyses performed by the Company’s internal and external actuaries result in actuarial point estimates. The results of the detailed reserve reviews were summarized and discussed with the Company’s senior management to determine the best estimate of reserves. This group considered many factors in making this decision. The factors included, but were not limited to, the historical pattern and volatility of the actuarial indications, the sensitivity of the actuarial indications to changes in paid and incurred loss patterns, the consistency of claims handling processes, the consistency of case reserving practices, changes in the Company’s pricing and underwriting, and overall pricing and underwriting trends in the insurance market.

Management’s best estimate at September 30, 2013 was recorded as the loss reserve. Management’s best estimate is as of a particular point in time and is based upon known facts, the Company’s actuarial analyses, current law, and the Company’s judgment. This resulted in carried gross and net reserves of $823.1 million and $603.4 million, respectively, as of September 30, 2013. A breakout of the Company’s gross and net reserves, excluding the effects of the intercompany pooling arrangements and intercompany stop loss and quota share reinsurance agreements, as of September 30, 2013 is as follows:

 

     Gross Reserves  
(Dollars in thousands)    Case      IBNR (1)      Total  

Insurance Operations

   $ 216,004       $ 501,760       $ 717,764   

Reinsurance Operations

     37,901         67,398         105,299   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 253,905       $ 569,158       $ 823,063   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Net Reserves (2)  
     Case      IBNR (1)      Total  

Insurance Operations

   $ 141,435       $ 357,915       $ 499,350   

Reinsurance Operations

     37,901         66,109         104,010   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 179,336       $ 424,024       $ 603,360   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Losses incurred but not reported, including the expected future emergence of case reserves.
(2) Does not include reinsurance receivable on paid losses.

The Company continually reviews these estimates and, based on new developments and information, includes adjustments of the estimated ultimate liability in the operating results for the periods in which the adjustments are made. The establishment of loss and loss adjustment expense reserves makes no provision for the possible broadening of coverage by legislative action or judicial interpretation, or the emergence of new types of losses not sufficiently represented in the Company’s historical experience or that cannot yet be quantified or estimated. The

 

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Company regularly analyzes its reserves and reviews pricing and reserving methodologies so that future adjustments to prior year reserves can be minimized. However, given the complexity of this process, reserves require continual updates and the ultimate liability may be higher or lower than previously indicated. See Note 7 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of Part I of this report for details concerning the changes in the estimate for incurred loss and loss adjustment expenses related to prior accident years.

The detailed reserve analyses that the Company’s internal and external actuaries complete use a variety of generally accepted actuarial methods and techniques to produce a number of estimates of ultimate loss. The Company determines its best estimate of ultimate loss by reviewing the various estimates and assigning weight to each estimate given the characteristics of the reserve category being reviewed. The reserve estimate is the difference between the estimated ultimate loss and the losses paid to date. The difference between the estimated ultimate loss and the case incurred loss (paid loss plus case reserve) is considered to be losses incurred but not reported (“IBNR”). IBNR calculated as such includes a provision for development on known cases (supplemental development) as well as a provision for claims that have occurred but have not yet been reported (pure IBNR).

In light of the many uncertainties associated with establishing the estimates and making the assumptions necessary to establish reserve levels, the Company reviews its reserve estimates on a regular basis and makes adjustments in the period that the need for such adjustments is determined. The anticipated future loss emergence continues to be reflective of historical patterns, and the selected development patterns have not changed significantly from those underlying the Company’s most recent analyses.

The key assumptions fundamental to the reserving process are often different for various reserve categories and accident years. Some of these assumptions are explicit assumptions that are required of a particular method, but most of the assumptions are implicit and cannot be precisely quantified. An example of an explicit assumption is the pattern employed in the Paid Development method. However, the assumed pattern is itself based on several implicit assumptions such as the impact of inflation on medical costs and the rate at which claim professionals close claims. Loss frequency is a measure of the number of claims per unit of insured exposure, and loss severity is a measure of the average size of claims. Each reserve segment has an implicit frequency and severity for each accident year as a result of the various assumptions made.

Previous reserve analyses have resulted in the Company’s identification of information and trends that have caused it to increase or decrease its frequency and severity assumptions in prior periods and could lead to the identification of a need for additional material changes in loss and loss adjustment expense reserves, which could materially affect results of operations, equity, business and insurer financial strength and debt ratings. Factors affecting loss frequency include, among other things, the effectiveness of loss controls and safety programs and changes in economic activity or weather patterns. Factors affecting loss severity include, among other things, changes in policy limits and deductibles, rate of inflation and judicial interpretations. Another factor affecting estimates of loss frequency and severity is the loss reporting lag, which is the period of time between the occurrence of a loss and the date the loss is reported to the Company. The length of the loss reporting lag affects the Company’s ability to accurately predict loss frequency (loss frequencies are more predictable for short-tail lines) as well as the amount of reserves needed for IBNR.

If the actual levels of loss frequency and severity are higher or lower than expected, the ultimate losses will be different than management’s best estimate. For most of its reserving classes, the Company believes that frequency can be predicted with greater accuracy than severity. Therefore, the Company believes management’s best estimate is more sensitive to changes in severity than frequency. The following table, which the Company believes reflects a reasonable range of variability around its best estimate based on the Company’s historical loss experience and management’s judgment, reflects the impact of changes (which could be favorable or unfavorable) in frequency and severity on the Company’s current accident year net loss estimate of $107.2 million for claims occurring during the nine months ended September 30, 2013:

 

(Dollars in thousands)          Severity Change  
           10%     5%     0%     5%     10%  

Frequency Change

     5   $ (15,544   $ (10,452   $ (5,360   $ (268   $ 4,824   
     3     (13,615     (8,415     (3,216     1,983        7,183   
     2     (12,650     (7,397     (2,144     3,109        8,362   
     1     (11,685     (6,379     (1,072     4,234        9,541   
     0     (10,720     (5,360     —          5,360        10,720   
     1     (9,755     (4,342     1,072        6,486        11,899   
     2     (8,791     (3,323     2,144        7,611        13,079   
     3     (7,826     (2,305     3,216        8,737        14,258   
     5     (5,896     (268     5,360        10,988        16,616   

 

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The Company’s net reserves for losses and loss expenses of $603.4 million as of September 30, 2013 relate to multiple accident years. Therefore, the impact of changes in frequency and severity for more than one accident year could be higher or lower than the amounts reflected above.

Recoverability of Reinsurance Receivables

The Company regularly reviews the collectability of its reinsurance receivables and includes adjustments resulting from this review in earnings in the period in which the adjustment arises. A.M. Best ratings, financial history, available collateral and payment history with its reinsurers are several of the factors that the Company considers when judging collectability. Changes in loss reserves can also affect the valuation of reinsurance receivables if the change is related to loss reserves that are ceded to reinsurers. Certain amounts may be uncollectible if the Company’s reinsurers dispute a loss or if the reinsurer is unable to pay. If its reinsurers do not pay, the Company is still legally obligated to pay the loss.

Investments

The carrying amount of the Company’s investments approximates their fair value. The Company regularly performs various analytical valuation procedures with respect to investments, including reviewing each fixed maturity security in an unrealized loss position to determine the amount of unrealized loss related to credit loss and the amount related to all other factors, such as changes in interest rates. The credit loss represents the portion of the amortized book value in excess of the net present value of the projected future cash flows discounted at the effective interest rate implicit in the debt security prior to impairment. The credit loss component of the other than temporary impairment is recorded through earnings, whereas the amount relating to factors other than credit losses are recorded in other comprehensive income, net of taxes. During its review, the Company considers credit rating, market price, and issuer specific financial information, among other factors, to assess the likelihood of collection of all principal and interest as contractually due. Securities for which the Company determines that a credit loss is likely are subjected to further analysis to estimate the credit loss to be recognized in earnings, if any. See Note 4 of the notes to consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of Part I of this report for the specific methodologies and significant assumptions used by asset class. Upon identification of such securities and periodically thereafter, a detailed review is performed to determine whether the decline is considered other than temporary. This review includes an analysis of several factors, including but not limited to, the credit ratings and cash flows of the securities and the magnitude and length of time that the fair value of such securities is below cost.

For an analysis of the Company’s securities with gross unrealized losses as of September 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, and for other than temporary impairment losses that the Company recorded for the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, please see Note 4 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of Part I of this report.

Fair Value Measurements

The Company categorizes its investment assets that are accounted for at fair value in the consolidated statements into a fair value hierarchy. The fair value hierarchy is directly related to the amount of subjectivity associated with the inputs utilized to determine the fair value of these assets.

The reported value of financial instruments not carried at fair value, principally cash and cash equivalents, margin borrowing facility, and notes payable, approximate fair value.

See Note 5 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of Part I of this report for further information about the fair value hierarchy and the Company’s assets that are accounted for at fair value.

 

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Goodwill and Intangible Assets

The Company tests for impairment of goodwill at least annually and more frequently as circumstances warrant in accordance with applicable accounting guidance. Accounting guidance allows for the testing of goodwill for impairment using both qualitative and quantitative factors. Impairment of goodwill is recognized only if the carrying amount of the business unit, including goodwill, exceeds the fair value of the reporting unit. The amount of the impairment loss would be equal to the excess carrying value of the goodwill over the implied fair value of the reporting unit goodwill.

Impairment of intangible assets with indefinite useful lives is tested at least annually and more frequently as circumstances warrant in accordance with applicable accounting guidance. Accounting guidance allows for the testing of intangible assets for impairment using both qualitative and quantitative factors. Impairment of indefinite lived intangible assets is recognized only if the carrying amount of the intangible assets exceeds the fair value of said assets. The amount of the impairment loss would be equal to the excess carrying value of the assets over the fair value of said assets.

Intangible assets that are not deemed to have an indefinite useful life are amortized over their estimated useful lives. The carrying amounts of definite lived intangible assets are regularly reviewed for indicators of impairment in accordance with applicable accounting guidance. Impairment is recognized only if the carrying amount of the intangible asset is in excess of its undiscounted projected cash flows. The impairment is measured as the difference between the carrying amount and the estimated fair value of the asset.

Deferred Acquisition Costs

The costs of acquiring new and renewal insurance and reinsurance contracts include commissions, premium taxes and certain other costs that vary with and are directly related to the successful acquisition of new and renewal insurance and reinsurance contracts. The excess of the Company’s costs of acquiring new and renewal insurance and reinsurance contracts over the related ceding commissions earned from reinsurers is capitalized as deferred acquisition costs and amortized over the period in which the related premiums are earned.

In accordance with accounting guidance for insurance enterprises, the method followed in computing such amounts limits them to their estimated realizable value that gives effect to the premium to be earned, related investment income, losses and loss adjustment expenses, and certain other costs expected to be incurred as the premium is earned. A premium deficiency charge is recognized if the sum of expected loss and loss adjustment expenses and unamortized acquisition costs exceeds related unearned premium. This evaluation is done at a product line level in Insurance Operations and at a treaty level in Reinsurance Operations. Any future expected loss on the related unearned premium is recorded first by impairing the unamortized acquisition costs on the related unearned premium followed by an increase to loss and loss adjustment expense reserves on additional expected loss in excess of unamortized acquisition costs. The Company calculates deferred acquisition costs for Insurance Operations separately by product lines and for its Reinsurance Operations separately for each treaty.

Taxation

The Company provides for income taxes in accordance with applicable accounting guidance. The Company’s deferred tax assets and liabilities primarily result from temporary differences between the amounts recorded in the consolidated financial statements and the tax basis of the Company’s assets and liabilities.

At each balance sheet date, management assesses the need to establish a valuation allowance that reduces deferred tax assets when it is more likely than not that all, or some portion, of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. A valuation allowance would be based on all available information including the Company’s assessment of uncertain tax positions and projections of future taxable income from each tax-paying component in each jurisdiction, principally derived from business plans and available tax planning strategies. There are no valuation allowances as of September 30, 2013 or December 31, 2012. The deferred tax asset balance is analyzed regularly by management. Based on these analyses, the Company has determined that its deferred tax asset is recoverable. Projections of future taxable income incorporate several assumptions of future business and operations that are apt to differ from actual experience. If, in the future, the Company’s assumptions and estimates that resulted in its forecast of future taxable income for each tax-paying component prove to be incorrect, a valuation allowance may be required. This could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations, and liquidity.

 

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On an interim basis, the Company records its tax provision using the expected full year effective tax rate. Forecasts which compute taxable income and taxes expected to be incurred in the jurisdictions where the Company does business are prepared several times per year. The effective tax rate is computed by dividing forecasted income tax expense not including tax on net realized investment gains (losses) and discrete items by forecasted pre-tax income not including net realized investment gains (losses) and discrete items. Changes in pre-tax and taxable income in the jurisdictions where the Company does business can change the effective tax rate. To compute the Company’s income tax expense on an interim basis, the Company applies its expected full year effective tax rate against its pre-tax income excluding net realized investment gains (losses) and discrete items and then adds actual tax on net realized investment gains (losses) and discrete items to that result.

The Company applies a more likely than not recognition threshold for all tax uncertainties, only allowing the recognition of those tax benefits that have a greater than 50% likelihood of being sustained upon examination by the taxing authorities.

Business Segments

The Company manages its business through two business segments: Insurance Operations, which includes the operations of United National Insurance Company, Diamond State Insurance Company, United National Casualty Insurance Company, United National Specialty Insurance Company, Penn-America Insurance Company, Penn-Star Insurance Company, Penn-Patriot Insurance Company, American Insurance Adjustment Agency, Inc., Collectibles Insurance Services, LLC, Global Indemnity Insurance Agency, LLC, and J.H. Ferguson & Associates, LLC, and Reinsurance Operations, which includes the operations of Wind River Reinsurance Company, Ltd.

The Company evaluates the performance of its Insurance Operations and Reinsurance Operations segments based on gross and net premiums written, revenues in the form of net premiums earned and commission and fee income, and expenses in the form of net losses and loss adjustment expenses, acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses.

For a description of the Company’s segments, see “Business Segments” in Item 1 of Part I in the Company’s 2012 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

The following table sets forth an analysis of financial data for the Company’s segments during the periods indicated:

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Quarters Ended September 30,     Nine Months Ended September 30,  
     2013     2012     2013     2012  

Insurance Operations premiums written:

        

Gross premiums written

   $ 59,747      $ 51,205      $ 172,714      $ 151,410   

Ceded premiums written

     4,752        5,495        13,704        18,920   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums written

   $ 54,995      $ 45,710      $ 159,010      $ 132,490   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Reinsurance Operations premiums written:

        

Gross premiums written

   $ 9,038      $ 5,744      $ 55,255      $ 30,929   

Ceded premiums written

     3        (1     411        548   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums written

   $ 9,035      $ 5,745      $ 54,844      $ 30,381   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Revenues: (1)

        

Insurance Operations

   $ 50,820      $ 44,374      $ 143,306      $ 135,691   

Reinsurance Operations

     13,832        11,056        36,314        41,676   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

   $ 64,652      $ 55,430      $ 179,620      $ 177,367   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Expenses: (2)

        

Insurance Operations (3)

   $ 53,354      $ 50,474      $ 153,785      $ 152,514   

Reinsurance Operations

     10,157        8,156        25,387        31,210   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total expenses

   $ 63,511      $ 58,630      $ 179,172      $ 183,724   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) from segments:

        

Insurance Operations

   $ (2,534   $ (6,100   $ (10,479   $ (16,823

Reinsurance Operations

     3,675        2,900        10,927        10,466   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total income (loss) from segments

   $ 1,141      $ (3,200   $ 448      $ (6,357
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Insurance combined ratio analysis: (4)

        

Insurance Operations

        

Loss ratio

     59.7        69.9        62.8        69.5   

Expense ratio

     45.6        44.1        45.0        43.3   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Combined ratio

     105.3        114.0        107.8        112.8   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Reinsurance Operations

        

Loss ratio

     38.0        40.3        34.7        46.2   

Expense ratio

     35.5        33.4        35.2        27.4   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Combined ratio

     73.5        73.7        69.9        73.6   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Consolidated

        

Loss ratio

     55.1        64.0        57.0        63.9   

Expense ratio

     43.5        42.0        43.0        39.5   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Combined ratio

     98.6        106.0        100.0        103.4   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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(1) Excludes net investment income and net realized investment gains, which are not allocated to the Company’s segments.
(2) Excludes corporate and other operating expenses and interest expense, which are not allocated to the Company’s segments.
(3) Includes excise tax of $264 and $231 for the quarters ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, and excise tax of $746 and $706 for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, related to cessions from the Company’s Insurance Operations to the Company’s Reinsurance Operations.
(4) The Company’s insurance combined ratios are non-GAAP financial measures that are generally viewed in the insurance industry as indicators of underwriting profitability. The loss ratio is the ratio of net losses and loss adjustment expenses to net premiums earned. The expense ratio is the ratio of acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses to net premiums earned. The combined ratio is the sum of the loss and expense ratios.

 

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Results of Operations

All percentage and dollar changes included in the text below have been calculated using the corresponding amounts from the applicable tables.

Quarter Ended September 30, 2013 Compared with the Quarter Ended September 30, 2012

Insurance Operations

The components of income from the Company’s Insurance Operations segment and corresponding underwriting ratios are as follows:

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Quarters Ended September 30,     Increase / (Decrease)  
     2013     2012     $     %  

Gross premiums written

   $ 59,747      $ 51,205      $ 8,542        16.7
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums written

   $ 54,995      $ 45,710      $ 9,285        20.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums earned

   $ 50,655      $ 44,252      $ 6,403        14.5

Other income

     165        122        43        35.2
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

   $ 50,820      $ 44,374      $ 6,446        14.5

Losses and expenses:

        

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses

     30,230        30,949        (719     (2.3 %) 

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses (1)

     23,124        19,525        3,599        18.4
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loss from segment

   $ (2,534   $ (6,100   $ 3,566        58.5
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Underwriting Ratios:

        

Loss ratio:

        

Current accident year

     63.3        73.2        (9.9  

Prior accident year

     (3.6     (3.3     (0.3  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Calendar year loss ratio

     59.7        69.9        (10.2  

Expense ratio

     45.6        44.1        1.5     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Combined ratio

     105.3        114.0        (8.7  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

(1) Includes excise tax of $264 and $231 related to cessions from the Company’s Insurance Operations to its Reinsurance Operations for the quarters ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

Premiums

Gross premiums written, which represent the amount received or to be received for insurance policies written without reduction for reinsurance costs or other deductions, were $59.7 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2013, compared with $51.2 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $8.5 million or 16.7%. The increase was primarily driven by growth in the Company’s small business binding authority of $5.2 million, as well as growth in the property brokerage lines of $1.5 million. Growth was driven by both new business and pricing increases.

Net premiums written, which equal gross premiums written less ceded premiums written, were $55.0 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2013, compared with $45.7 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $9.3 million or 20.3%. The increase was primarily due to the increase in gross premiums written and a reduction of ceded premiums written as a result of an increase in retention in the property excess of loss and property catastrophe treaties. The ratio of net premiums written to gross premiums written was 92.0% for the quarter ended September 30, 2013 and 89.3% for the quarter ended September 30, 2012.

Net premiums earned were $50.7 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2013, compared with $44.3 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $6.4 million or 14.5%. The increase was primarily due to increases in net premiums written within the previous year. Property net premiums earned for the quarters ended September 30, 2013 and 2012 were $29.5 million and $24.0 million, respectively. Casualty net premiums earned for the quarters ended September 30, 2013 and 2012 were $21.2 million and $20.3 million, respectively.

 

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The Company’s Insurance Operations’ gross written, net written, and net earned premiums by product line are as follows:

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Quarter Ended September 30, 2013      Quarter Ended September 30, 2012  
     Gross Written      Net Written      Net Earned      Gross Written      Net Written      Net Earned  

Small Business Binding Authority

   $ 28,874       $ 27,228       $ 24,677       $ 23,643       $ 22,209       $ 20,031   

Property Brokerage

     9,148         7,565         7,733         7,663         5,420         6,145   

Programs

     14,915         13,833         13,588         13,778         12,590         12,399   

Other

     6,810         6,369         4,657         6,121         5,491         5,677   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 59,747       $ 54,995       $ 50,655       $ 51,205       $ 45,710       $ 44,252   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other Income

Other income was $0.2 and $0.1 million for the quarters ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Other income is primarily comprised of fee income.

Net Losses and Loss Adjustment Expenses

The loss ratio for the Company’s Insurance Operations was 59.7% for the quarter ended September 30, 2013 compared with 69.9% for the quarter ended September 30, 2012. The decrease in the loss ratio was driven by better performance in property lines by 22.7% for the current accident year offset by a higher current accident year loss ratio in casualty lines by 8.5% mainly due to commercial automobile line of business. The loss ratio is a non-GAAP financial measure that is generally viewed in the insurance industry as an indicator of underwriting profitability and is calculated by dividing net losses and loss adjustment expenses by net premiums earned.

The current accident year loss ratio for the quarter ended September 30, 2013 was 63.3%, a decrease of 9.9% from 73.2% for the quarter ended September 30, 2012.

 

    The current accident year property loss ratio decreased 22.7% from 70.6% in the quarter ended September 30, 2012 to 47.9% in the quarter ended September 30, 2013.

 

    The non-catastrophe loss ratio decreased 10.6% from 51.0% in the quarter ended September 30, 2012 to 40.4% in the quarter ended September 30, 2013. Non-catastrophe losses were $11.9 million and $12.3 million for the quarters ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

 

    The catastrophe loss ratio decreased 12.1% from 19.6% in the quarter ended September 30, 2012 to 7.5% in the quarter ended September 30, 2013. Catastrophe losses were $2.2 million and $4.7 million for the quarters ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

 

    The current accident year casualty loss ratio increased 8.5% from 76.2% in the quarter ended September 30, 2012 to 84.7% in the quarter ended September 30, 2013 mainly due to commercial automobile line of business.

When analyzing loss reserves and prior year development, the Company considers many factors, including the frequency and severity of claims, loss trends, case reserve settlements that may have resulted in significant development, and any other additional or pertinent factors that may impact reserve estimates.

In the third quarter of 2013, the Company reduced its prior accident year loss reserves by $1.8 million, which primarily consisted of the following:

 

    Property: A $2.4 million reduction primarily driven by $2.5 million of better than expected development from accident years 2011 and 2012 related primarily to lower than expected non-catastrophe severity.

 

    General Liability: A $2.4 million reduction is primarily due to better than expected emergence from accident years 1996 to 2007 of $4.8 million offset by a $2.4 million increase which is primarily due to accident year 2008 and 2012 due to higher than anticipated loss emergence.

 

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    Asbestos and Environmental: A $1.8 million increase primarily related to policies written prior to 1990.

 

    Professional: A $0.6 million increase primarily driven by unexpected loss emergence in accident years 2008, 2010, and 2011.

 

    Umbrella: A $0.3 million increase primarily driven by loss emergence in accident years 2008 to 2012.

 

    Commercial Auto: A $0.4 million increase in aggregate related to accident years 2011 and 2012.

In the third quarter of 2012, the Company reduced its prior accident year loss reserves by $1.4 million, which primarily consisted of the following:

 

    Professional liability: A $1.9 million reduction primarily related to accident years 2004 through 2011 driven by continued favorable development on lawyer, real estate and allied health and social services exposures.

 

    Auto liability: A $0.5 million increase mainly driven by continued loss emergence in accident year 2011.

 

    General liability: A $0.1 million decrease primarily consisting of favorable emergence on small business binding and casualty brokerage exposures, offset by increases to construction defect reserves.

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses were $30.2 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2013, compared with $30.9 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2012, a decrease of $0.7 million or 2.3%. Excluding the impact of prior year adjustments, the current accident year net losses and loss adjustment expenses were $32.0 million and $32.4 million for the quarters ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

Acquisition Costs and Other Underwriting Expenses

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses were $23.1 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2013, compared with $19.5 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $3.6 million or 18.4%. The increase is primarily due to an increase in earned premium volume as well as the 2013 premium deficiency charges of $1.7 million.

Expense and Combined Ratios

The expense ratio for the Company’s Insurance Operations was 45.6% for the quarter ended September 30, 2013, compared with 44.1% for the quarter ended September 30, 2012. The expense ratio is a non-GAAP financial measure that is calculated by dividing the sum of acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses by net premiums earned. The increase in the expense ratio is primarily due to the impact of the premium deficiency charges of $1.7 million during the quarter ended September 30, 2013 partially offset by growth in premiums. Excluding the impact of the 2013 premium deficiency charges, the expense ratio for the Company’s Insurance Operations was 42.5% for the quarter ended September 30, 2013.

The combined ratio for the Company’s Insurance Operations was 105.3% for the quarter ended September 30, 2013, compared with 114.0% for the quarter ended September 30, 2012. The combined ratio is a non-GAAP financial measure and is the sum of the Company’s loss and expense ratios. Excluding the impact of prior year adjustments, the current accident year combined ratio decreased from 117.3% for the quarter ended September 30, 2012 to 108.9% for the quarter ended September 30, 2013. During the quarter ended September 30, 2013, acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses were higher than they otherwise would have been as a result of premium deficiency charges recorded in 2013. Excluding the impact of the 2013 premium deficiency charges, the current accident year combined ratio was 105.8% for the quarter ended September 30, 2013. See discussion of loss ratio included in “Net Losses and Loss Adjustment Expenses” above and discussion of expense ratio in preceding paragraph for explanation of the decrease.

Loss from Segment

The factors described above resulted in a loss from the Company’s Insurance Operations of $2.5 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2013, compared to a loss of $6.1 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2012.

 

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Reinsurance Operations

The components of income from the Company’s Reinsurance Operations segment and corresponding underwriting ratios are as follows:

 

     Quarters Ended September 30,     Increase / (Decrease)  
(Dollars in thousands)    2013      2012     $     %  

Gross premiums written

   $ 9,038       $ 5,744      $ 3,294        57.3
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums written

   $ 9,035       $ 5,745      $ 3,290        57.3
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums earned

   $ 13,814       $ 11,077      $ 2,737        24.7

Other income (loss)

     18         (21     39        185.7
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

   $ 13,832       $ 11,056      $ 2,776        25.1

Losses and expenses:

         

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses

     5,253         4,458        795        17.8

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses

     4,904         3,698        1,206        32.6
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from segment

   $ 3,675       $ 2,900      $ 775        26.7
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Underwriting Ratios:

         

Loss ratio:

         

Current accident year

     36.7         33.5        3.2     

Prior accident year

     1.3         6.8        (5.5  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

Calendar year loss ratio

     38.0         40.3        (2.3  

Expense ratio

     35.5         33.4        2.1     
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

Combined ratio

     73.5         73.7        (0.2  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

Premiums

Gross premiums written, which represent the amount received or to be received for reinsurance agreements written without reduction for reinsurance costs or other deductions, were $9.0 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2013, compared with $5.7 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $3.3 million or 57.3%. The increase was primarily due to several new treaties written during 2013. Wind River treaties written during 2012 and 2013 are predominantly property exposure.

Net premiums written, which equal gross premiums written less ceded premiums written, were $9.0 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2013, compared with $5.7 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $3.3 million or 57.3%. The increase was primarily due to the increase in gross premiums written.

Net premiums earned were $13.8 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2013, compared with $11.1 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $2.7 million or 24.7%. The increase was primarily due to several new treaties written during 2013. Property net premiums earned for the quarters ended September 30, 2013 and 2012 were $12.7 million and $8.1 million, respectively. Casualty net premiums earned for the quarters ended September 30, 2013 and 2012 were $1.2 million and $3.0 million, respectively.

Other Income (Loss)

Other income (loss) was $0.02 million and ($0.02) million for the quarters ended September 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Other income (loss) is comprised of foreign exchange gains and losses.

Net Losses and Loss Adjustment Expenses

The loss ratio for the Company’s Reinsurance Operations was 38.0% for the quarter ended September 30, 2013 compared with 40.3% for the quarter ended September 30, 2012. The decrease is primarily due to runoff in 2012 of casualty treaties which were discontinued in 2011 partially offset by an increase in anticipated catastrophe losses in 2013. The loss ratio is a non-GAAP financial measure that is generally viewed in the insurance industry as an indicator of underwriting profitability and is calculated by dividing net losses and loss adjustment expenses by net premiums earned.

 

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The current accident year loss ratio increased 3.2% from 33.5% for the quarter ended September 30, 2012 to 36.7% for the quarter ended September 30, 2013 primarily due to an increase in anticipated property catastrophe losses in 2013 partially offset by a reduction in the casualty loss ratio as a result of exiting unprofitable treaties in previous years. The property lines catastrophe loss ratio increased to 30.8% for the quarter ended September 30, 2013 from 14.7% for the quarter ended September 30, 2012.

There was an increase in net losses and loss adjustment expenses for prior accident years of $0.2 million in the quarter ended September 30, 2013 from a discontinued commercial automobile treaty which increased the loss ratio by 1.3%, compared to an increase in net losses and loss adjustment expenses for prior accident years of $0.7 million in the quarter ended September 30, 2012 which increased the loss ratio by 6.8%.

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses were $5.3 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2013, compared with $4.5 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $0.8 million or 17.8%. Excluding the impact of prior year adjustments, the current accident year net losses and loss adjustment expenses increased from $3.7 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2012 to $5.1 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2013. This increase is primarily attributable to an increase in anticipated property catastrophe losses in 2013 offset by the exit of unprofitable treaties in previous years.

Acquisition Costs and Other Underwriting Expenses

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses were $4.9 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2013, compared with $3.7 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2012, an increase of $1.2 million or 32.6%. The increase is primarily due to an increase in commission expense due to increased earned premium volume.

Expense and Combined Ratios

The expense ratio for the Company’s Reinsurance Operations was 35.5% for the quarter ended September 30, 2013, compared with 33.4% for the quarter ended September 30, 2012. The expense ratio is a non-GAAP financial measure that is calculated by dividing the sum of acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses by net premiums earned.

The combined ratio for the Company’s Reinsurance Operations was 73.5% for the quarter ended September 30, 2013, compared with 73.7% for the quarter ended September 30, 2012. The combined ratio is a non-GAAP financial measure and is the sum of the Company’s loss and expense ratios. Excluding the impact of prior accident year adjustments, the current accident year combined ratio increased from 66.9% for the quarter ended September 30, 2012 to 72.2% for the quarter ended September 30, 2013. See discussion of loss ratio included in “Net Losses and Loss Adjustment Expenses” above and discussion of expense ratio in preceding paragraph for discussion of the increase.

Income from Segment

The factors described above resulted in income from the Company’s Reinsurance Operations of $3.7 and $2.9 million for the quarters ended September 30, 2013 and September 30, 2012, respectively.

Unallocated Corporate Items

The following items are not allocated to the Company’s Insurance Operations or Reinsurance Operations segments:

 

     Quarters Ended September 30,     Increase / (Decrease)  
(Dollars in thousands)    2013     2012     $     %  

Net investment income

   $ 8,486      $ 14,777      $ (6,291     (42.6 %) 

Net realized investment gains

     1,641        3,211        (1,570     (48.9 %) 

Corporate and other operating expenses

     (2,627     (2,039     588        28.8

Interest expense

     (3,585     (1,265<