10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2018

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Transition Period from                      to                     

Commission File Number 001-34809

 

 

GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Cayman Islands   98-1304287

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

27 HOSPITAL ROAD

GEORGE TOWN, GRAND CAYMAN

KY1-9008

CAYMAN ISLANDS

(Address of principal executive office including zip code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (345) 949-0100

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that registrant was required to submit and post such files.).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.:

 

Large accelerated filer   ☐;    Accelerated filer   ☒;
Non-accelerated filer   ☐;    Smaller reporting company   ☐;
     Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☐     No  ☒

As of May 2, 2018, the registrant had outstanding 10,075,346 A Ordinary Shares and 4,133,366 B Ordinary Shares.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

          Page  
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION  

Item 1.

   Financial Statements:   
  

        Consolidated Balance Sheets

            As of March 31, 2018 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2017

     2  
  

        Consolidated Statements of Operations

            Quarters Ended March 31, 2018 (Unaudited) and March 31, 2017 (Unaudited)

     3  
  

        Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

            Quarters Ended March 31, 2018 (Unaudited) and March 31, 2017 (Unaudited)

     4  
  

         Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity

            Quarter Ended March 31, 2018 (Unaudited) and Year Ended December 31, 2017

     5  
  

        Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

            Quarters Ended March 31, 2018 (Unaudited) and March 31, 2017 (Unaudited)

     6  
           Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)      7  

Item 2.

   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      34  

Item 3.

   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk      51  

Item 4.

   Controls and Procedures      52  
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION  

Item 1.

   Legal Proceedings      52  

Item 1A.

   Risk Factors      52  

Item 2.

   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds      52  

Item 3.

   Defaults Upon Senior Securities      52  

Item 4.

   Mine Safety Disclosures      53  

Item 5.

   Other Information      53  

Item 6.

   Exhibits      53  

Signature

     54  

 

1


Table of Contents

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands, except share amounts)

 

     (Unaudited)
March 31, 2018
    December 31, 2017  
ASSETS             

Fixed maturities:

    

Available for sale, at fair value (amortized cost: $1,281,954 and $1,243,144)

   $ 1,262,996     $ 1,241,437  

Equity securities:

    

At fair value (cost: $133,911 and $124,915)

     133,911       140,229  

Other invested assets

     82,159       77,820  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investments

     1,479,066       1,459,486  

Cash and cash equivalents

     73,522       74,414  

Premiums receivable, net

     77,274       84,386  

Reinsurance receivables, net

     97,647       105,060  

Funds held by ceding insurers

     49,096       45,300  

Federal income taxes receivable

     10,157       10,332  

Deferred federal income taxes

     30,502       26,196  

Deferred acquisition costs

     61,425       61,647  

Intangible assets

     22,417       22,549  

Goodwill

     6,521       6,521  

Prepaid reinsurance premiums

     24,642       28,851  

Receivable for securities sold

     —         1,543  

Other assets

     31,445       75,384  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 1,963,714     $ 2,001,669  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY             

Liabilities:

    

Unpaid losses and loss adjustment expenses

   $ 615,125     $ 634,664  

Unearned premiums

     281,062       285,397  

Ceded balances payable

     11,928       10,851  

Payable for securities purchased

     10,729       —    

Contingent commissions

     3,892       7,984  

Debt

     286,567       294,713  

Other liabilities

     50,659       49,666  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

   $ 1,259,962       1,283,275  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 9)

     —         —    

Shareholders’ equity:

    

Ordinary shares, $0.0001 par value, 900,000,000 ordinary shares authorized; A ordinary shares issued: 10,150,130 and 10,102,927 respectively; A ordinary shares outstanding: 10,075,346 and 10,073,376, respectively; B ordinary shares issued and outstanding: 4,133,366 and 4,133,366, respectively

     2       2  

Additional paid-in capital

     435,066       434,730  

Accumulated other comprehensive income, net of taxes

     (16,531     8,983  

Retained earnings

     288,187       275,838  

A ordinary shares in treasury, at cost: 74,784 and 29,551 shares, respectively

     (2,972     (1,159
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total shareholders’ equity

     703,752       718,394  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

   $ 1,963,714     $ 2,001,669  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(In thousands, except shares and per share data)

 

     (Unaudited)
Quarters Ended March 31,
 
     2018     2017  

Revenues:

    

Gross premiums written

   $ 124,247     $ 123,751  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums written

   $ 107,870     $ 111,506  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums earned

   $ 108,002     $ 113,126  

Net investment income

     11,404       8,644  

Net realized investment gains (losses):

    

Other than temporary impairment losses on investments

     —         (110

Other net realized investment gains (losses)

     (316     885  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total net realized investment gains (losses)

     (316     775  

Other income

     554       1,368  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     119,644       123,913  

Losses and Expenses:

    

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses

     56,072       62,561  

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses

     45,003       46,551  

Corporate and other operating expenses

     9,260       3,054  

Interest expense

     4,861       2,467  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

     4,448       9,280  

Income tax benefit

     (1,253     (3,002
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 5,701     $ 12,282  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Per share data:

    

Net income

    

Basic

   $ 0.41     $ 0.71  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted

   $ 0.40     $ 0.70  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted-average number of shares outstanding

    

Basic

     14,055,022       17,316,015  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted

     14,285,837       17,646,080  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash dividends declared per share

   $ 0.25     $ —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

(In thousands)

 

     (Unaudited)
Quarters Ended March 31,
 
     2018     2017  

Net income

   $ 5,701     $ 12,282  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

    

Unrealized holding gains (losses)

     (15,188     5,178  

Portion of other-than-temporary impairment losses recognized in other comprehensive income (losses)

     (1     —    

Reclassification adjustment for gains included in net income

     75       (406

Unrealized foreign currency translation gains (losses)

     (372     178  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

     (15,486     4,950  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

   $ (9,785   $ 17,232  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity

(In thousands, except share amounts)

 

     (Unaudited)
Quarter Ended
March 31, 2018
    Year Ended
December 31, 2017
 

Number of A ordinary shares issued:

    

Number at beginning of period

     10,102,927       13,436,548  

Ordinary shares issued under share incentive plans

     38,061       2,204  

Ordinary shares issued to directors

     9,142       27,121  

Ordinary shares redeemed

     —         (3,397,031

Adjustment for shares redeemed indirectly owned by subsidiary

     —         34,085  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Number at end of period

     10,150,130       10,102,927  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Number of B ordinary shares issued:

    

Number at beginning and end of period

     4,133,366       4,133,366  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Par value of A ordinary shares:

    

Number at beginning and end of period

   $ 1     $ 1  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Par value of B ordinary shares:

    

Balance at beginning and end of period

   $ 1     $ 1  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Additional paid-in capital:

    

Balance at beginning of period

   $ 434,730     $ 430,283  

Adjustment for shares redeemed indirectly owned by subsidiary

     —         706  

Share compensation plans

     336       3,741  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

   $ 435,066     $ 434,730  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income, net of deferred income tax:

    

Balance at beginning of period

   $ 8,983     $ (618

Other comprehensive income (loss):

    

Change in unrealized holding gains (losses)

     (15,113     8,829  

Change in other than temporary impairment losses recognized in other comprehensive income

     (1     (3

Unrealized foreign currency translation gains

     (372     775  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

     (15,486     9,601  

Cumulative effect adjustment resulting from adoption of new accounting guidance

     (10,028     —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

   $ (16,531   $ 8,983  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Retained earnings:

    

Balance at beginning of period

   $ 275,838     $ 368,284  

Cumulative effect adjustment resulting from adoption of new accounting guidance

     10,198       —    

Ordinary shares redeemed

     —         (83,015

Adjustment for gain on shares redeemed indirectly owned by subsidiary

     —         120  

Net income (loss)

     5,701       (9,551

Dividends to shareholders ($0.25 per share)

     (3,550     —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

   $ 288,187     $ 275,838  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Number of treasury shares:

    

Number at beginning of period

     29,551       —    

A ordinary shares purchased

     45,233       29,551  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Number at end of period

     74,784       29,551  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Treasury shares, at cost:

    

Balance at beginning of period

   $ (1,159   $ —    

A ordinary shares purchased, at cost

     (1,813     (1,159
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

   $ (2,972   $ (1,159
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total shareholders’ equity

   $ 703,752     $ 718,394  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands)

 

     (Unaudited)
Quarters Ended March 31,
 
     2018     2017  

Cash flows from operating activities:

    

Net income

   $ 5,701     $ 12,282  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used for operating activities:

    

Amortization and depreciation

     1,791       1,553  

Amortization of debt issuance costs

     66       34  

Restricted stock and stock option expense

     336       1,121  

Deferred federal income taxes

     (1,998     (3,098

Amortization of bond premium and discount, net

     1,543       2,451  

Net realized investment gains (losses)

     316       (775

Changes in:

    

Premiums receivable, net

     7,112       11,367  

Reinsurance receivables, net

     7,413       37,342  

Funds held by ceding insurers

     (4,168     (18,651

Unpaid losses and loss adjustment expenses

     (19,539     (28,954

Unearned premiums

     (4,335     (11,100

Ceded balances payable

     1,077       (7,125

Other assets and liabilities, net

     45,398       (13,435

Contingent commissions

     (4,092     (5,901

Federal income tax receivable/payable

     175       1  

Deferred acquisition costs, net

     222       (189

Prepaid reinsurance premiums

     4,209       9,475  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities

     41,227       (13,602
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

    

Proceeds from sale of fixed maturities

     47,148       139,350  

Proceeds from sale of equity securities

     9,283       5,626  

Proceeds from maturity of fixed maturities

     18,281       14,418  

Proceeds from limited partnerships

     2,711       1,908  

Amounts received in connection with derivatives

     5,490       114  

Purchases of fixed maturities

     (93,603     (219,345

Purchases of equity securities

     (7,340     (8,176

Purchases of other invested assets

     (7,050     —    

Acquisition of business

     (3,515     —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used for investing activities

     (28,595     (66,105
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

    

Net borrowings (repayments) under margin borrowing facility

     (8,212     7,497  

Proceeds from issuance of subordinated notes

     —         130,000  

Debt issuance cost

     —         (4,220

Dividends paid to shareholders

     (3,499     —    

Purchase of A ordinary shares

     (1,813     (1,137
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities

     (13,524     132,140  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

     (892     52,433  

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     74,414       75,110  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 73,522     $ 127,543  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

1. Principles of Consolidation and Basis of Presentation

Global Indemnity Limited (“Global Indemnity” or “the Company”) was incorporated on February 9, 2016 and is domiciled in the Cayman Islands. On November 7, 2016, Global Indemnity replaced Global Indemnity plc as the ultimate parent company as a result of a redomestication transaction. The Company’s A ordinary shares are publicly traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the ticker symbol GBLI. Please see Note 2 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8 Part II of the Company’s 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information on the Company’s redomestication.

The Company manages its business through three business segments: Commercial Lines, Personal Lines, and Reinsurance Operations. The Company’s Commercial Lines offers specialty property and casualty insurance products in the excess and surplus lines marketplace. The Company manages its Commercial Lines by differentiating them into four product classifications: Penn-America, which markets property and general liability products to small commercial businesses through a select network of wholesale general agents with specific binding authority; United National, which markets insurance products for targeted insured segments, including specialty products, such as property, general liability, and professional lines through program administrators with specific binding authority; Diamond State, which markets property, casualty, and professional lines products, which are developed by the Company’s underwriting department by individuals with expertise in those lines of business, through wholesale brokers and also markets through program administrators having specific binding authority; and Vacant Express, which insures dwellings which are currently vacant, undergoing renovation, or are under construction and is distributed through aggregators, brokers, and retail agents. These product classifications comprise the Company’s Commercial Lines business segment and are not considered individual business segments because each product has similar economic characteristics, distribution, and coverage. The Company’s Personal Lines segment offers specialty personal lines and agricultural coverage through general and specialty agents with specific binding authority on an admitted basis. Collectively, the Company’s U.S. insurance subsidiaries are licensed in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The Commercial Lines and Personal Lines segments comprise the Company’s U.S. Insurance Operations (‘Insurance Operations”). The Company’s Reinsurance Operations consist solely of the operations of its Bermuda-based wholly-owned subsidiary, Global Indemnity Reinsurance Company, Ltd. (“Global Indemnity Reinsurance”). Global Indemnity Reinsurance is a treaty reinsurer of specialty property and casualty insurance and reinsurance companies. The Company’s Reinsurance Operations segment provides reinsurance solutions through brokers and primary writers including insurance and reinsurance companies.

The interim consolidated financial statements are unaudited, but have been prepared in conformity with United States of America generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), which differs in certain respects from those principles followed in reports to insurance regulatory authorities. The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

The unaudited consolidated financial statements include all adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, of a normal recurring nature and are necessary for a fair statement of results for the interim periods. Results of operations for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 are not necessarily indicative of the results of a full year. The accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the notes to the consolidated financial statements contained in the Company’s 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted new accounting guidance which requires equity investments, except for those accounted for under the equity method of accounting or those that result in consolidation of the investee, to be measured at fair value with the changes in fair value recognized in net income. Upon adoption, the Company recorded a cumulative effect adjustment, net of tax, of $10.0 million which reduced accumulated other comprehensive income and increased retained earnings. During the quarter ended March 31, 2018, net realized investment gains (losses) included a loss of $4.9 million related to the change in the fair value of equity investments in accordance with this new accounting guidance. In addition, under the new guidance, equity investments, are no longer classified into different categories as either trading or available for sale. Prior to the adoption of this new guidance, equity securities were previously classified as available for sale.

 

 

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Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted new accounting guidance regarding the classification of certain cash receipts and cash payments within the statement of cash flows. Upon adoption, the Company made a policy election to use the cumulative earnings approach for presenting distributions received from equity method investees. Under this approach, distributions up to the amount of cumulative equity in earnings recognized will be treated as returns on investment and presented in operating activities and those in excess of that amount will be treated as returns of investment and presented in the investing section. Prior to adoption, all distributions received from equity method investees were presented in the investing section of the consolidated statements of cash flows. The provisions of this accounting guidance were adopted on a retrospective basis. As a result, the consolidated statement of cash flows for the quarter ended March 31, 2017 that was included in the Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2017 was restated. For the quarter ended March 31, 2017, net cash flows from operating activities was increased by $1.7 million and net cash flows from investing activities” was reduced by $1.7 million.

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Global Indemnity and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

2. Investments

The amortized cost and estimated fair value of investments were as follows as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017:

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Amortized
Cost
     Gross
Unrealized
Gains
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Estimated
Fair Value
     Other than
temporary
impairments
recognized
in AOCI (1)
 

As of March 31, 2018

             

Fixed maturities:

             

U.S. treasury and agency obligations

   $ 99,713      $ 476      $ (2,060   $ 98,129      $ —    

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     95,708        304        (601     95,411        —    

Mortgage-backed securities

     176,983        313        (3,511     173,785        —    

Asset-backed securities

     203,834        115        (1,204     202,745        (1)  

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

     151,337        58        (3,554     147,841        —    

Corporate bonds

     431,814        417        (7,424     424,807        —    

Foreign corporate bonds

     122,565        9        (2,296     120,278        —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total fixed maturities

     1,281,954        1,692        (20,650     1,262,996        (1)  

Common stock

     133,911        —          —         133,911        —    

Other invested assets

     82,159        —          —         82,159        —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,498,024      $ 1,692      $ (20,650   $ 1,479,066      $ (1)  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Represents the total amount of other than temporary impairment losses relating to factors other than credit losses recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income (“AOCI”).

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Amortized
Cost
     Gross
Unrealized
Gains
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Estimated
Fair Value
     Other than
temporary
impairments
recognized
in AOCI (1)
 

As of December 31, 2017

             

Fixed maturities:

             

U.S. treasury and agency obligations

   $ 105,311      $ 562      $ (1,193   $ 104,680      $ —    

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     94,947        441        (274     95,114        —    

Mortgage-backed securities

     150,237        404        (1,291     149,350        —    

Asset-backed securities

     203,827        267        (393     203,701          (1

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

     140,761        101        (1,067     139,795        —    

Corporate bonds

     422,486        2,295        (1,391     423,390        —    

Foreign corporate bonds

     125,575        377        (545     125,407        —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total fixed maturities

     1,243,144        4,447        (6,154     1,241,437          (1

Common stock

     124,915        18,574        (3,260     140,229        —    

Other invested assets

     77,820        —          —         77,820        —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,445,879      $ 23,021      $ (9,414   $ 1,459,486      $   (1
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Represents the total amount of other than temporary impairment losses relating to factors other than credit losses recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income (“AOCI”).

Excluding U.S. treasuries and agency bonds, the Company did not hold any debt or equity investments in a single issuer that was in excess of 6% and 5% of shareholders’ equity at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

The amortized cost and estimated fair value of the Company’s fixed maturities portfolio classified as available for sale at March 31, 2018, by contractual maturity, are shown below. Actual maturities may differ from contractual maturities because borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Amortized
Cost
     Estimated
Fair Value
 

Due in one year or less

   $ 68,903      $ 68,736  

Due in one year through five years

     431,430        425,571  

Due in five years through ten years

     240,272        235,140  

Due in ten years through fifteen years

     4,215        4,170  

Due after fifteen years

     4,980        5,008  

Mortgage-backed securities

     176,983        173,785  

Asset-backed securities

     203,834        202,745  

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

     151,337        147,841  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,281,954      $ 1,262,996  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

9


Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

The following table contains an analysis of the Company’s fixed income securities with gross unrealized losses, categorized by the period that the securities were in a continuous loss position as of March 31, 2018. Due to new accounting guidance implemented in 2018 regarding the treatment of gains and losses on equity securities, common stock is no longer included in the table:

 

     Less than 12 months     12 months or longer (1)     Total  
(Dollars in thousands)    Fair Value      Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value      Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value      Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 

Fixed maturities:

               

U.S. treasury and agency obligations

   $ 69,992      $ (1,813   $ 20,223      $ (247   $ 90,215      $ (2,060

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     46,524        (454     7,711        (147     54,235        (601

Mortgage-backed securities

     165,295        (3,453     1,756        (58     167,051        (3,511

Asset-backed securities

     148,609        (1,158     6,399        (46     155,008        (1,204

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

     113,728        (2,766     27,292        (788     141,020        (3,554

Corporate bonds

     320,235        (6,429     52,303        (995     372,538        (7,424

Foreign corporate bonds

     93,828        (1,951     16,452        (345     110,280        (2,296
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total fixed maturities

   $ 958,211      $ (18,024   $ 132,136      $ (2,626   $ 1,090,347      $ (20,650
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Fixed maturities in a gross unrealized loss position for twelve months or longer are primarily comprised of non-credit losses on investment grade securities where management does not intend to sell, and it is more likely than not that the Company will not be forced to sell the security before recovery. The Company has analyzed these securities and has determined that they are not other than temporarily impaired.

The following table contains an analysis of the Company’s securities with gross unrealized losses, categorized by the period that the securities were in a continuous loss position as of December 31, 2017:

 

     Less than 12 months     12 months or longer (1)     Total  
(Dollars in thousands)    Fair Value      Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value      Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value      Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 

Fixed maturities:

               

U.S. treasury and agency obligations

   $ 79,403      $ (962   $ 17,469      $ (231   $ 96,872      $ (1,193

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     34,537        (149     12,060        (125     46,597        (274

Mortgage-backed securities

     127,991        (1,247     1,866        (44     129,857        (1,291

Asset-backed securities

     97,817        (371     6,423        (22     104,240        (393

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

     83,051        (523     27,976        (544     111,027        (1,067

Corporate bonds

     147,064        (754     53,024        (637     200,088        (1,391

Foreign corporate bonds

     53,320        (305     20,582        (240     73,902        (545
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total fixed maturities

     623,183        (4,311     139,400        (1,843     762,583        (6,154

Common stock

     32,759        (3,260     —          —         32,759        (3,260
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 655,942      $ (7,571   $ 139,400      $ (1,843   $ 795,342      $ (9,414
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Fixed maturities in a gross unrealized loss position for twelve months or longer are primarily comprised of non-credit losses on investment grade securities where management does not intend to sell, and it is more likely than not that the Company will not be forced to sell the security before recovery. The Company has analyzed these securities and has determined that they are not other than temporarily impaired.

The Company regularly performs various analytical valuation procedures with respect to its investments, including reviewing each fixed maturity security in an unrealized loss position to assess whether the security has a credit loss. Specifically, the Company considers credit rating, market price, and issuer specific financial information, among other factors, to assess the likelihood of collection of all principal and interest as contractually due. Securities for which the Company determines that a credit loss is likely are subjected to further analysis through discounted cash flow testing to estimate the credit loss to be recognized in earnings, if any. The specific methodologies and significant assumptions used by asset class are discussed below. Upon identification of such securities and periodically thereafter, a detailed review is performed to determine whether the decline is considered other than temporary. This review includes an analysis of several factors, including but not limited to, the credit ratings and cash flows of the securities and the magnitude and length of time that the fair value of such securities is below cost.

 

10


Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

For fixed maturities, the factors considered in reaching the conclusion that a decline below cost is other than temporary include, among others, whether:

 

  (1) the issuer is in financial distress;

 

  (2) the investment is secured;

 

  (3) a significant credit rating action occurred;

 

  (4) scheduled interest payments were delayed or missed;

 

  (5) changes in laws or regulations have affected an issuer or industry;

 

  (6) the investment has an unrealized loss and was identified by the Company’s investment manager as an investment to be sold before recovery or maturity; and

 

  (7) the investment failed cash flow projection testing to determine if anticipated principal and interest payments will be realized.

According to accounting guidance for debt securities in an unrealized loss position, the Company is required to assess whether it has the intent to sell the debt security or more likely than not will be required to sell the debt security before the anticipated recovery. If either of these conditions is met the Company must recognize an other than temporary impairment with the entire unrealized loss being recorded through earnings. For debt securities in an unrealized loss position not meeting these conditions, the Company assesses whether the impairment of a security is other than temporary. If the impairment is deemed to be other than temporary, the Company must separate the other than temporary impairment into two components: the amount representing the credit loss and the amount related to all other factors, such as changes in interest rates. The credit loss represents the portion of the amortized book value in excess of the net present value of the projected future cash flows discounted at the effective interest rate implicit in the debt security prior to impairment. The credit loss component of the other than temporary impairment is recorded through earnings, whereas the amount relating to factors other than credit losses is recorded in other comprehensive income, net of taxes.

The following is a description, by asset type, of the methodology and significant inputs that the Company used to measure the amount of credit loss recognized in earnings, if any:

U.S. treasury and agency obligations – As of March 31, 2018, gross unrealized losses related to U.S. treasury and agency obligations were $2.060 million. Of this amount, $0.247 million have been in an unrealized loss position for twelve months or greater and are rated AA+. Macroeconomic and market analysis is conducted in evaluating these securities. Consideration is given to the interest rate environment, duration and yield curve management of the portfolio, sector allocation and security selection.

Obligations of states and political subdivisions – As of March 31, 2018, gross unrealized losses related to obligations of states and political subdivisions were $0.601 million. Of this amount, $0.147 million have been in an unrealized loss position for twelve months or greater and are rated investment grade or better. All factors that influence performance of the municipal bond market are considered in evaluating these securities. The aforementioned factors include investor expectations, supply and demand patterns, and current versus historical yield and spread relationships. The analysis relies on the output of fixed income credit analysts, as well as dedicated municipal bond analysts who perform extensive in-house fundamental analysis on each issuer, regardless of their rating by the major agencies.

Mortgage-backed securities (“MBS”) – As of March 31, 2018, gross unrealized losses related to mortgage-backed securities were $3.511 million. Of this amount, $0.058 million have been in an unrealized loss position for twelve months or greater. 97.3% of the unrealized losses for twelve months or greater are related to securities rated AA+ or better. Mortgage-backed securities are modeled to project principal losses under downside, base, and upside scenarios for the economy and home prices. The primary assumption that drives the security and loan level modeling is the Home Price Index (“HPI”) projection. These forecasts incorporate not just national macro-economic trends, but also regional impacts to arrive at the most granular and accurate projections. These assumptions are incorporated into the model as a basis to generate delinquency probabilities, default curves, loss severity curves, and voluntary prepayment curves at the loan level within each deal. The model utilizes HPI-adjusted current LTV, payment history, loan terms, loan modification history, and borrower characteristics as inputs to generate expected cash flows and principal loss for each bond under various scenarios.

 

11


Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

Asset backed securities (“ABS”) – As of March 31, 2018, gross unrealized losses related to asset backed securities were $1.204 million. Of this amount, $0.046 million have been in an unrealized loss position for twelve months or greater and are rated AA+ or better. The weighted average credit enhancement for the Company’s asset backed portfolio is 23.9. This represents the percentage of pool losses that can occur before an asset backed security will incur its first dollar of principal losses. Every ABS transaction is analyzed on a stand-alone basis. This analysis involves a thorough review of the collateral, prepayment, and structural risk in each transaction. Additionally, the analysis includes an in-depth credit analysis of the originator and servicer of the collateral. The analysis projects an expected loss for a deal given a set of assumptions specific to the asset type. These assumptions are used to calculate at what level of losses the deal will incur its first dollar of principal loss. The major assumptions used to calculate this ratio are loss severities, recovery lags, and no advances on principal and interest.

Commercial mortgage-backed securities (“CMBS”) – As of March 31, 2018, gross unrealized losses related to the CMBS portfolio were $3.554 million. Of this amount, $0.788 million have been in an unrealized loss position for twelve months or greater and are rated AA+ or better. The weighted average credit enhancement for the Company’s CMBS portfolio is 28.4. This represents the percentage of pool losses that can occur before a mortgage-backed security will incur its first dollar of principal loss. For the Company’s CMBS portfolio, a loan level analysis is utilized where every underlying CMBS loan is re-underwritten based on a set of assumptions reflecting expectations for the future path of the economy. Each loan is analyzed over time using a series of tests to determine if a credit event will occur during the life of the loan. Inherent in this process are several economic scenarios and their corresponding rent/vacancy and capital market states. The five primary credit events that frame the analysis include loan modifications, term default, balloon default, extension, and ability to pay off at balloon. The resulting output is the expected loss adjusted cash flows for each bond under the base case and distressed scenarios.

Corporate bonds – As of March 31, 2018, gross unrealized losses related to corporate bonds were $7.424 million. Of this amount, $0.995 million have been in an unrealized loss position for twelve months or greater and are rated investment grade or better. The analysis for this asset class includes maintaining detailed financial models that include a projection of each issuer’s future financial performance, including prospective debt servicing capabilities, capital structure composition, and the value of the collateral. The analysis incorporates the macroeconomic environment, industry conditions in which the issuer operates, the issuer’s current competitive position, its vulnerability to changes in the competitive and regulatory environment, issuer liquidity, issuer commitment to bondholders, issuer creditworthiness, and asset protection. Part of the process also includes running downside scenarios to evaluate the expected likelihood of default as well as potential losses in the event of default.

Foreign bonds – As of March 31, 2018, gross unrealized losses related to foreign bonds were $2.296 million. Of this amount, $0.345 million have been in an unrealized loss position for twelve months or greater. 78.3% of the unrealized losses for twelve months or greater are related to securities rated investment grade or better. For this asset class, detailed financial models are maintained that include a projection of each issuer’s future financial performance, including prospective debt servicing capabilities, capital structure composition, and the value of the collateral. The analysis incorporates the macroeconomic environment, industry conditions in which the issuer operates, the issuer’s current competitive position, its vulnerability to changes in the competitive and regulatory environment, issuer liquidity, issuer commitment to bondholders, issuer creditworthiness, and asset protection. Part of the process also includes running downside scenarios to evaluate the expected likelihood of default as well as potential losses in the event of default.

The Company recorded the following other than temporary impairments (“OTTI”) on its investment portfolio for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017:

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
(Dollars in thousands)    2018      2017  

Fixed maturities:

     

OTTI losses, gross

   $ —        $ (31

Portion of loss recognized in other comprehensive income (pre-tax)

     —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net impairment losses on fixed maturities recognized in earnings

     —          (31

Equity securities

     —          (79
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ —        $ (110
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

12


Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

The following table is an analysis of the credit losses recognized in earnings on fixed maturities held by the Company as of March 31, 2018 and 2017 for which a portion of the OTTI loss was recognized in other comprehensive income.

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
(Dollars in thousands)    2018      2017  

Balance at beginning of period

   $ 13      $ 31  

Additions where no OTTI was previously recorded

     —          —    

Additions where an OTTI was previously recorded

     —          —    

Reductions for securities for which the company intends to sell or

more likely than not will be required to sell before recovery

     —          —    

Reductions reflecting increases in expected cash flows to be collected

     —          —    

Reductions for securities sold during the period

     —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

   $ 13      $ 31  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income, Net of Tax

Accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax, as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 was as follows:

 

(Dollars in thousands)    March 31, 2018      December 31, 2017  

Net unrealized gains (losses) from:

     

Fixed maturities

   $ (18,958    $ (1,707

Common stock

     —          15,314  

Foreign currency fluctuations

     179        551  

Deferred taxes

     2,248        (5,175
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax

   $ (16,531    $ 8,983  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following tables present the changes in accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax, by component for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017:

 

Quarter Ended March 31, 2018

(Dollars in thousands)

   Unrealized Gains
and Losses on
Available for Sale
Securities, Net of
Tax
     Foreign Currency
Items, Net of Tax
     Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Income, Net of Tax
 

Beginning balance

   $ 8,272      $ 711      $ 8,983  

Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassification

     (15,189      (372      (15,561

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

     75        —          75  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

     (15,114      (372      (15,486
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cumulative-effect adjustment

     (9,868      (160      (10,028
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ (16,710    $ 179      $ (16,531
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

13


Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

Quarter Ended March 31, 2017

(Dollars in thousands)

  Unrealized Gains
and Losses on
Available for Sale
Securities, Net of
Tax
    Foreign Currency
Items, Net of Tax
    Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Income, Net of Tax
 

Beginning balance

  $ (554   $ (64   $ (618

Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassification

    5,171       185       5,356  

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

    (399     (7     (406
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

    4,772       178       4,950  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance

  $ 4,218     $ 114     $ 4,332  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 were as follows:

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Details about Accumulated Other

Comprehensive Income Components

  

Affected Line Item in the

Consolidated Statements of

Operations

   Amounts Reclassified
from Accumulated
Other Comprehensive
Income Quarters Ended
March 31,
 
      2018      2017  

Unrealized gains and losses on available for sale securities

  

Other net realized investment (gains) losses

   $ 93      $ (701
  

Other than temporary impairment losses on investments

     —          110  
     

 

 

    

 

 

 
  

Total before tax

     93        (591
  

Income tax (benefit)

     (18      192  
     

 

 

    

 

 

 
  

Unrealized gains and losses on available for sale securities, net of tax

     75        (399
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Foreign currency items

  

Other net realized investment (gains)

     —          (11
  

Income tax expense

     —          4  
     

 

 

    

 

 

 
  

Foreign currency items, net of tax

     —          (7
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total reclassifications

  

Total reclassifications, net of tax

   $ 75      $ (406
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

14


Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

Net Realized Investment Gains (Losses)

The components of net realized investment gains (losses) for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 were as follows:

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
(Dollars in thousands)    2018      2017  

Fixed maturities:

     

Gross realized gains

   $ 24      $ 189  

Gross realized losses

     (117      (83
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net realized gains (losses)

     (93      106  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Common stock:

     

Gross realized gains

     3,453        575  

Gross realized losses

     (7,827      (79
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net realized gains (losses)

     (4,374      496  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Derivatives:

     

Gross realized gains

     4,801        1,236  

Gross realized losses

     (650      (1,063
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net realized gains (1)

     4,151        173  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total net realized investment gains (losses)

   $ (316    $ 775  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Includes $0.7 million and $1.1 million of periodic net interest settlements related to the derivatives for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

New accounting guidance regarding equity securities was implemented during the quarter ended March 31, 2018 which requires companies to disclose realized gains and losses for equity securities still held at period end and gains and losses from securities sold during the period. See Note 13 for additional information regarding new accounting pronouncements. The following table shows the calculation of the portion of realized gains and losses related to common stock being held as of March 31, 2018:

 

     Quarter
Ended
March 31,
 
(Dollars in thousands)    2018  

Net gains and losses recognized during the period on equity securities

   $ (4,374

Less: Net gains and losses recognized during the period on equity securities sold during the period

     554  
  

 

 

 

Unrealized gains and losses recognized during the reporting period on equity securities still held at the reporting date

   $ (4,928
  

 

 

 

The proceeds from sales and redemptions of available for sale and equity securities resulting in net realized investment gains (losses) for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 were as follows:

 

     Quarters Ended
March 31,
 
(Dollars in thousands)    2018      2017  

Fixed maturities

   $ 47,148      $ 139,350  

Equity securities

     9,283        5,626  

 

15


Table of Contents

GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

Net Investment Income

The sources of net investment income for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 were as follows:

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
(Dollars in thousands)    2018      2017  

Fixed maturities

   $ 8,528      $ 6,678  

Equity securities

     999        990  

Cash and cash equivalents

     264        84  

Other invested assets

     2,323        1,692  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total investment income

     12,114        9,444  

Investment expense

     (710      (800
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net investment income

   $ 11,404      $ 8,644  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Company’s total investment return on a pre-tax basis for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 were as follows:

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
(Dollars in thousands)    2018     2017  

Net investment income

   $ 11,404     $ 8,644  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net realized investment gains (losses)

     (316     775  

Change in unrealized holding gains (losses)

     (17,623     7,017  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net realized and unrealized investment returns

     (17,939     7,792  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investment return

   $ (6,535   $ 16,436  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investment return % (1)

     (0.4 %)      1.1
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Average investment portfolio (2)

   $ 1,538,651     $ 1,559,965  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) Not annualized.
(2) Average of total cash and invested assets, net of receivable/payable for securities purchased and sold, as of the beginning and end of the period.

Insurance Enhanced Asset-Backed and Credit Securities

As of March 31, 2018, the Company held insurance enhanced asset-backed, commercial mortgage-backed, and credit securities with a market value of approximately $33.0 million. Approximately $1.1 million of these securities were tax-free municipal bonds, which represented approximately 0.1% of the Company’s total cash and invested assets, net of payable/ receivable for securities purchased and sold. These securities had an average rating of “AA.” None of these bonds are pre-refunded with U.S. treasury securities, nor would they have carried a lower credit rating had they not been insured.

A summary of the Company’s insurance enhanced municipal bonds that are backed by financial guarantors, including the pre-refunded bonds that are escrowed in U.S. government obligations, as of March 31, 2018, is as follows:

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Financial Guarantor

   Total      Pre-refunded
Securities
     Government
Guaranteed
Securities
     Exposure Net
of Pre-refunded
& Government
Guaranteed

Securities
 

Municipal Bond Insurance Association

   $ 1,136      $ —        $ —        $ 1,136  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total backed by financial guarantors

     1,136        —          —          1,136  

Other credit enhanced municipal bonds

     —          —          —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,136      $ —        $ —        $ 1,136  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

In addition to the tax-free municipal bonds, the Company held $31.9 million of insurance enhanced bonds, which represented approximately 2.1% of the Company’s total invested assets, net of receivable/payable for securities purchased and sold. The insurance enhanced bonds are comprised of $21.6 million of taxable municipal bonds, $10.2 million of commercial

 

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(Unaudited)

 

mortgage-backed securities, and $0.1 million of asset-backed securities. The financial guarantors of the Company’s $31.9 million of insurance enhanced asset-backed, commercial-mortgage-backed, and taxable municipal securities include Municipal Bond Insurance Association ($6.3 million), Assured Guaranty Corporation ($15.4 million), and Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation ($10.2 million).

The Company had no direct investments in the entities that have provided financial guarantees or other credit support to any security held by the Company at March 31, 2018.

Bonds Held on Deposit

Certain cash balances, cash equivalents, equity securities, and bonds available for sale were deposited with various governmental authorities in accordance with statutory requirements, were held as collateral pursuant to borrowing arrangements, or were held in trust pursuant to intercompany reinsurance agreements. The fair values were as follows as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017:

 

     Estimated Fair Value  
(Dollars in thousands)    March 31, 2018     December 31, 2017  

On deposit with governmental authorities

   $ 26,412     $ 26,852  

Intercompany trusts held for the benefit of U.S. policyholders

     291,974       328,494  

Held in trust pursuant to third party requirements

     96,803       94,098  

Letter of credit held for third party requirements

     2,707       3,944  

Securities held as collateral for borrowing arrangements (1)

     78,053       88,040  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ 495,949     $ 541,428  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) Amount required to collateralize margin borrowing facility.

Variable Interest Entities

A Variable Interest Entity (VIE) refers to an investment in which an investor holds a controlling interest that is not based on the majority of voting rights. Under the VIE model, the party that has the power to exercise significant management influence and maintain a controlling financial interest in the entity’s economics is said to be the primary beneficiary, and is required to consolidate the entity within their results. Other entities that participate in a VIE, for which their financial interests fluctuate with changes in the fair value of the investment entity’s net assets but do not have significant management influence and the ability to direct the VIE’s significant economic activities are said to have a variable interest in the VIE but do not consolidate the VIE in their financial results.

The Company has variable interests in three VIE’s for which it is not the primary beneficiary. These investments are accounted for under the equity method of accounting as their ownership interest exceeds 3% of their respective investments.    

The fair value of one of the Company’s VIE’s, which invests in distressed securities and assets, was $22.9 million and $26.3 million as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. The Company’s maximum exposure to loss from this VIE, which factors in future funding commitments, was $37.2 million and $40.5 million at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. The fair value of a second VIE that provides financing for middle market companies, was $36.4 million and $33.8 million at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. The Company’s maximum exposure to loss from this VIE, which factors in future funding commitments, was $41.6 million and $43.8 million at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. The fair value of a third VIE that also invests in distressed securities and assets, was $22.9 million and $17.8 million as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. The Company’s maximum exposure to loss from this VIE, which factors in future funding commitments, was $52.1 million and $51.3 million at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. The Company’s investment in VIEs is included in other invested assets on the consolidated balance sheet with changes in fair value recorded in the consolidated statements of operations.

 

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(Unaudited)

 

3. Derivative Instruments

Interest rate swaps are used by the Company primarily to reduce risks from changes in interest rates. Under the terms of the interest rate swaps, the Company agrees with another party to exchange, at specified intervals, the difference between fixed rate and floating rate interest amounts as calculated by reference to an agreed notional amount.

The Company accounts for the interest rate swaps as non-hedge instruments and recognizes the fair value of the interest rate swaps in other assets or other liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets with the changes in fair value recognized as net realized investment gains in the consolidated statements of operations. The Company is ultimately responsible for the valuation of the interest rate swaps. To aid in determining the estimated fair value of the interest rate swaps, the Company relies on the forward interest rate curve and information obtained from a third party financial institution.

The following table summarizes information on the location and the gross amount of the derivatives’ fair value on the consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017:

 

(Dollars in thousands)         March 31, 2018     December 31, 2017  

Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments under ASC 815

  

Balance Sheet

      Location       

   Notional
Amount
     Fair Value     Notional
Amount
     Fair Value  

Interest rate swap agreements

  

Other liabilities

   $ 200,000      $ (3,168   $ 200,000      $ (7,968

The following table summarizes the net gain included in the consolidated statements of operations for changes in the fair value of the derivatives and the periodic net interest settlements under the derivatives for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017:

 

    

Consolidated Statements of

          Operations Line          

   Quarters Ended March 31,  
(Dollars in thousands)       2018      2017  

Interest rate swap agreements

  

Net realized investment gain

   $ 4,151      $ 173  

As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company is due $2.9 million and $3.1 million, respectively, for funds it needed to post to execute the swap transaction and $3.6 million and $9.5 million, respectively, for margin calls made in connection with the interest rate swaps. These amounts are included in other assets on the consolidated balance sheets.

 

4. Fair Value Measurements

The accounting standards related to fair value measurements define fair value, establish a framework for measuring fair value, outline a fair value hierarchy based on inputs used to measure fair value, and enhance disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. These standards do not change existing guidance as to whether or not an instrument is carried at fair value. The Company has determined that its fair value measurements are in accordance with the requirements of these accounting standards.

The Company’s invested assets and derivative instruments are carried at their fair value and are categorized based upon a fair value hierarchy:

 

    Level 1 – inputs utilize quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets that the Company has the ability to access at the measurement date.

 

    Level 2 – inputs utilize other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are observable for similar assets, either directly or indirectly.

 

    Level 3 – inputs are unobservable for the asset, and include situations where there is little, if any, market activity for the asset.

In certain cases, the inputs used to measure fair value may fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In such cases, the level in the fair value hierarchy within which the fair value measurement falls has been determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment, and considers factors specific to the asset.

 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

The following table presents information about the Company’s invested assets and derivative instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques utilized by the Company to determine such fair value.

 

As of March 31, 2018    Fair Value Measurements  
(Dollars in thousands)    Level 1      Level 2      Level 3      Total  

Assets:

           

Fixed maturities:

           

U.S. treasury and agency obligations

   $ 98,129      $ —        $ —        $ 98,129  

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     —          95,411        —          95,411  

Mortgage-backed securities

     —          173,785        —          173,785  

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

     —          147,841        —          147,841  

Asset-backed securities

     —          202,745        —          202,745  

Corporate bonds

     —          424,807        —          424,807  

Foreign corporate bonds

     —          120,278        —          120,278  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total fixed maturities

     98,129        1,164,867        —          1,262,996  

Common stock

     133,911        —          —          133,911  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets measured at fair value (1)

   $ 232,040      $ 1,164,867      $ —        $ 1,396,907  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities:

           

Derivative instruments

   $ —        $ 3,168      $ —        $ 3,168  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities measured at fair value

   $ —        $ 3,168      $ —        $ 3,168  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Excluded from the table above are limited partnerships of $82.2 million at March 31, 2018 whose fair value is based on net asset value as a practical expedient.

 

As of December 31, 2017    Fair Value Measurements  
(Dollars in thousands)    Level 1      Level 2      Level 3      Total  

Assets:

           

Fixed maturities:

           

U.S. treasury and agency obligations

   $ 104,680      $ —        $ —        $ 104,680  

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     —          95,114        —          95,114  

Mortgage-backed securities

     —          149,350        —          149,350  

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

     —          139,795        —          139,795  

Asset-backed securities

     —          203,701        —          203,701  

Corporate bonds

     —          423,390        —          423,390  

Foreign corporate bonds

     —          125,407        —          125,407  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total fixed maturities

     104,680        1,136,757        —          1,241,437  

Common stock

     140,229        —          —          140,229  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets measured at fair value (1)

   $ 244,909      $ 1,136,757      $ —        $ 1,381,666  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities:

           

Derivative instruments

   $ —        $ 7,968      $ —        $ 7,968  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities measured at fair value

   $ —        $ 7,968      $ —        $ 7,968  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Excluded from the table above are limited partnerships of $77.8 million at December 31, 2017 whose fair value is based on net asset value as a practical expedient.

The securities classified as Level 1 in the above table consist of U.S. Treasuries and equity securities actively traded on an exchange.

The securities classified as Level 2 in the above table consist primarily of fixed maturity securities and derivative instruments. Based on the typical trading volumes and the lack of quoted market prices for fixed maturities, security prices are derived through recent reported trades for identical or similar securities making adjustments through the reporting date based upon available market observable information. If there are no recent reported trades, matrix or model processes are

 

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(Unaudited)

 

used to develop a security price where future cash flow expectations are developed based upon collateral performance and discounted at an estimated market rate. Included in the pricing of asset-backed securities, collateralized mortgage obligations, and mortgage-backed securities are estimates of the rate of future prepayments of principal over the remaining life of the securities. Such estimates are derived based on the characteristics of the underlying structure and prepayment speeds previously experienced at the interest rate levels projected for the underlying collateral. The estimated fair value of the derivative instruments, consisting of interest rate swaps, is obtained from a third party financial institution that utilizes observable inputs such as the forward interest rate curve.

For the Company’s material debt arrangements, the current fair value of the Company’s debt at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 was as follows:

 

     March 31, 2018      December 31, 2017  
(Dollars in thousands)    Carrying Value      Fair Value      Carrying Value      Fair Value  

Margin Borrowing Facility

   $ 64,018      $ 64,018      $ 72,230      $ 72,230  

7.75% Subordinated Notes due 2045 (1)

     96,650        99,770        96,619        100,059  

7.875% Subordinated Notes due 2047 (2)

     125,899        129,175        125,864        130,429  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 286,567      $ 292,963      $ 294,713      $ 302,718  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the carrying value and fair value of the 7.75% Subordinated Notes due 2045 are net of unamortized debt issuance cost of $3.4 million.
(2) As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the carrying value and fair value of the 7.875% Subordinated Notes due 2047 are net of unamortized debt issuance cost of $4.1 million.

The fair value of the margin borrowing facility approximates its carrying value due to the facility being due on demand. The subordinated notes due 2045 and 2047 are publicly traded instruments and are classified as Level 1 in the fair value hierarchy.

There were no transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 during the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

Fair Value of Alternative Investments

Other invested assets consist of limited liability partnerships whose fair value is based on net asset value per share practical expedient. The following table provides the fair value and future funding commitments related to these investments at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

 

     March 31, 2018      December 31, 2017  
(Dollars in thousands)    Fair Value      Future Funding
Commitment
     Fair Value      Future Funding
Commitment
 

Real Estate Fund, LP (1)

   $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —    

European Non-Performing Loan Fund, LP (2)

     22,938        14,214        26,262        14,214  

Private Middle Market Loan Fund, LP (3)

     36,361        5,200        33,760        10,000  

Distressed Debt Fund, LP (4)

     22,860        29,250        17,798        33,500  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 82,159      $ 48,664      $ 77,820      $ 57,714  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) This limited partnership invests in real estate assets through a combination of direct or indirect investments in partnerships, limited liability companies, mortgage loans, and lines of credit. The Company does not have the contractual option to redeem its limited partnership interest but receives distributions based on the liquidation of the underlying assets. The Company does not have the ability to sell or transfer its limited partnership interest without consent from the general partner. The Company continues to hold an investment in this limited partnership and has written the fair value down to zero.
(2) This limited partnership invests in distressed securities and assets through senior and subordinated, secured and unsecured debt and equity, in both public and private large-cap and middle-market companies. The Company does not have the ability to sell or transfer its limited partnership interest without consent from the general partner. The Company does not have the contractual option to redeem its limited partnership interest but receives distributions based on the liquidation of the underlying assets. Based on the terms of the partnership agreement, the Company anticipates its interest in this partnership to be redeemed by 2020.
(3) This limited partnership provides financing for middle market companies. The Company does not have the ability to sell or transfer its limited partnership interest without consent from the general partner. The Company does not have the contractual option to redeem its limited partnership interest but receives distributions based on the liquidation of the underlying assets. Based on the terms of the investment management agreement, the Company anticipates its interest to be redeemed no later than 2024.
(4) This limited partnership invests in stressed and distressed debt instruments. The Company does not have the ability to sell or transfer its limited partnership interest without consent from the general partner. The Company does not have the contractual option to redeem its limited partnership interest but receives distributions based on the liquidation of the underlying assets. Based on the terms of the partnership agreement, the Company anticipates its interest to be redeemed no later than 2027.

Limited Liability Companies and Limited Partnerships with ownership interest exceeding 3%

The Company uses the equity method to account for investments in limited liability companies and limited partnerships where its ownership interest exceeds 3%. The equity method of accounting for an investment in a limited liability company and limited partnership requires that its cost basis be updated to account for the income or loss earned on the investment. The investment income associated with these limited liability companies or limited partnerships, which is reflected in the consolidated statements of operations, was $2.3 million and $1.7 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

Pricing

The Company’s pricing vendors provide prices for all investment categories except for investments in limited partnerships whose fair value is based on net asset values as a practical expedient. Two primary vendors are utilized to provide prices for equity and fixed maturity securities.

The following is a description of the valuation methodologies used by the Company’s pricing vendors for investment securities carried at fair value:

 

    Common stock prices are received from all primary and secondary exchanges.

 

    Corporate and agency bonds are evaluated by utilizing terms and conditions sourced from commercial vendors. Bonds with similar characteristics are grouped into specific sectors. Both asset classes use standard inputs and utilize bid price or spread, quotes, benchmark yields, discount rates, market data feeds, and financial statements.

 

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(Unaudited)

 

    Data from commercial vendors is aggregated with market information, then converted into a prepayment/spread/LIBOR curve model used for commercial mortgage obligations (“CMO”). CMOs are categorized with mortgage-backed securities in the tables listed above. For asset-backed securities, data derived from market information along with trustee and servicer reports is converted into spreads to interpolated benchmark curve. For both asset classes, evaluations utilize standard inputs plus new issue data, monthly payment information, and collateral performance. The evaluated pricing models incorporate discount rates, loan level information, prepayment speeds, treasury benchmarks, and LIBOR and swap curves.

 

    For obligations of state and political subdivisions, an integrated evaluation system is used. The pricing models incorporate trades, spreads, benchmark curves, market data feeds, new issue data, and trustee reports.

 

    U.S. treasuries are evaluated by obtaining feeds from a number of live data sources including active market makers and inter-dealer brokers.

 

    For mortgage-backed securities, various external analytical products are utilized and purchased from commercial vendors.

The Company performs certain procedures to validate whether the pricing information received from the pricing vendors is reasonable, to ensure that the fair value determination is consistent with accounting guidance, and to ensure that its assets are properly classified in the fair value hierarchy. The Company’s procedures include, but are not limited to:

 

    Reviewing periodic reports provided by the Investment Manager that provides information regarding rating changes and securities placed on watch. This procedure allows the Company to understand why a particular security’s market value may have changed or may potentially change.

 

    Understanding and periodically evaluating the various pricing methods and procedures used by the Company’s pricing vendors to ensure that investments are properly classified within the fair value hierarchy.

 

    On a quarterly basis, the Company corroborates investment security prices received from its pricing vendors by obtaining pricing from a second pricing vendor for a sample of securities.

During the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company has not adjusted quotes or prices obtained from the pricing vendors.

 

5. Income Taxes

As of March 31, 2018, the statutory income tax rates of the countries where the Company conducts business are 21% in the United States, 0% in Bermuda, 0% in the Cayman Islands, 26.01% for companies with a registered office in Luxembourg City, 0.25% to 2.5% in Barbados, and 25% on non-trading income, 33% on capital gains and 12.5% on trading income in the Republic of Ireland. The statutory income tax rate of each country is applied against the expected annual taxable income of the Company in each country to estimate the annual income tax expense. Generally, during interim periods, the Company will divide total estimated annual income tax expense by total estimated annual pre-tax income to determine the expected annual income tax rate used to compute the income tax provision. The expected annual income tax rate is then applied against interim pre-tax income, excluding net realized gains and losses and limited partnership distributions, and that amount is then added to the actual income taxes on net realized gains and losses, discrete items and limited partnership distributions. However, when there is significant volatility in the expected effective tax rate, the Company records its actual income tax provision in lieu of the estimated effective income tax rate.

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

The Company’s income before income taxes from its non-U.S. subsidiaries and U.S. subsidiaries for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 were as follows:

 

Quarter Ended March 31, 2018:

(Dollars in thousands)

   Non-U.S.
Subsidiaries
     U.S.
Subsidiaries
     Eliminations      Total  

Revenues:

           

Gross premiums written

   $ 10,315      $ 113,932      $ —        $ 124,247  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net premiums written

   $ 10,314      $ 97,556      $ —        $ 107,870  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net premiums earned

     48,022        59,980        —          108,002  

Net investment income

     15,221        7,188        (11,005      11,404  

Net realized investment losses

     (5      (311      —          (316

Other income

     51        503        —          554  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

     63,289        67,360        (11,005      119,644  

Losses and Expenses:

           

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses

     20,565        35,507        —          56,072  

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses

     21,140        23,863        —          45,003  

Corporate and other operating expenses

     4,399        4,861        —          9,260  

Interest expense

     4,841        11,025        (11,005      4,861  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

   $ 12,344      $ (7,896    $ —        $ 4,448  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

Quarter Ended March 31, 2017:

(Dollars in thousands)

   Non-U.S.
Subsidiaries
     U.S.
Subsidiaries
     Eliminations      Total  

Revenues:

           

Gross premiums written

   $ 54,102      $ 107,936      $ (38,287    $ 123,751  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net premiums written

   $ 54,087      $ 57,419      $ —        $ 111,506  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net premiums earned

   $ 50,933      $ 62,193      $ —        $ 113,126  

Net investment income

     12,328        4,959        (8,643      8,644  

Net realized investment gains

     41        734        —          775  

Other income

     87        1,281        —          1,368  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

     63,389        69,167        (8,643      123,913  

Losses and Expenses:

           

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses

     20,860        41,701        —          62,561  

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses

     22,688        23,863        —          46,551  

Corporate and other operating expenses

     1,207        1,847        —          3,054  

Interest expense

     2,324        8,786        (8,643      2,467  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

   $ 16,310      $ (7,030    $ —        $ 9,280  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

For the quarter ended March 31, 2017, the Company’s income before income taxes from its non-U.S. subsidiaries and U.S. subsidiaries, as reported in the table above, includes the results of the quota share agreement between Global Indemnity Reinsurance and the Insurance Operations. This quota share agreement was cancelled on a runoff basis effective January 1, 2018.

The following table summarizes the components of income tax benefit:

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
(Dollars in thousands)    2018      2017  

Current income tax expense:

     

Foreign

   $ 179      $ 96  

U.S. Federal

     566        —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total current income tax expense

     745        96  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Deferred income tax benefit:

     

U.S. Federal

     (1,998      (3,098
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total income tax benefit

   $ (1,253    $ (3,002
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The weighted average expected tax provision has been calculated using income before income taxes in each jurisdiction multiplied by that jurisdiction’s applicable statutory tax rate.

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

The following table summarizes the differences between the tax provision for financial statement purposes and the expected tax provision at the weighted average tax rate:

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
(Dollars in thousands)    2018     2017  
     Amount      % of Pre-
Tax Income
    Amount      % of Pre-
Tax Income
 

Expected tax provision at weighted average rate

   $ (1,536      (34.5 %)    $ (2,364      (25.5 %) 

Adjustments:

          

Tax exempt interest

     (1      (0.0     (84      (0.9

Dividend exclusion

     (65      (1.5     (193      (2.1

Base Erosion Anti-Abuse Tax

     566        12.7       —          —    

Other

     (217      (4.9     (361      (3.8
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Actual tax on continuing operations

   $ (1,253      (28.2 %)    $ (3,002      (32.3 %) 
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

The effective income tax benefit rate for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 was 28.2%, compared with an effective income tax benefit rate of 32.3%, for the quarter ended March 31, 2017. The decrease in the effective income tax benefit rate in the quarter ended March 31, 2018 compared to the quarter ended March 31, 2017 is due to the change in the U.S. statutory tax rate from 35% to 21% effective January 1, 2018 and the Base Erosion Anti-Abuse Tax (“BEAT”) that became effective upon the passage of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“TCJA”). Taxes were computed using a discrete period computation because a reliable estimate of an effective tax rate could not be made.

Financial results for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 reflect provisional tax estimates related to the TCJA. These provisional estimates are based on the Company’s initial analysis and current interpretation of the legislation. Given the complexity of the legislation, anticipated guidance from the U.S. Treasury, and the potential for additional guidance from the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) or the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”), these estimates may be adjusted during 2018. During the quarter ended March 31, 2018, there were no adjustments to provisional tax estimates recorded in prior periods.

The Company had an alternative minimum tax (“AMT”) credit carryforward of $11.0 million as of December 31, 2017. The TCJA repealed the corporate AMT. The AMT credit carryforward of $11.0 million was reclassed to federal income taxes receivable at December 31, 2017 and will be fully refunded by the end of 2021. The Company has a net operating loss (“NOL”) carryforward of $14.7 million as of March 31, 2018, which begins to expire in 2036 based on when the original NOL was generated. The Company’s NOL carryforward as of December 31, 2017 was $16.3 million. The Company has a Section 163(j) (“163(j)”) carryforward of $7.9 million as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 which can be carried forward indefinitely. The 163(j) carryforward is for disqualified interest paid or accrued.

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

6. Liability for Unpaid Losses and Loss Adjustment Expenses

Activity in the liability for unpaid losses and loss adjustment expenses is summarized as follows:

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
(Dollars in thousands)    2018      2017  

Balance at beginning of period

   $ 634,664      $ 651,042  

Less: Ceded reinsurance receivables

     97,243        130,439  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net balance at beginning of period

     537,421        520,603  

Purchased reserves gross

     —          2,496  

Purchased reserves ceded

     —          549  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Purchased reserves, net of third party reinsurance

     —          3,045  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Incurred losses and loss adjustment expenses related to:

     

Current year

     61,999        72,691  

Prior years

     (5,927      (10,130
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total incurred losses and loss adjustment expenses

     56,072        62,561  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Paid losses and loss adjustment expenses related to:

     

Current year

     17,454        24,384  

Prior years

     53,228        42,383  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total paid losses and loss adjustment expenses

     70,682        66,767  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net balance at end of period

     522,811        519,442  

Plus: Ceded reinsurance receivables

     92,314        102,646  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

   $ 615,125      $ 622,088  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

When analyzing loss reserves and prior year development, the Company considers many factors, including the frequency and severity of claims, loss trends, case reserve settlements that may have resulted in significant development, and any other additional or pertinent factors that may impact reserve estimates.

During the first quarter of 2018, the Company reduced its prior accident year loss reserves by $5.9 million, which consisted of a $2.7 million decrease related to Commercial Lines, $1.1 million decrease related to Personal Lines, and a $2.1 million decrease related to Reinsurance Operations.

The $2.7 million reduction of prior accident year loss reserves related to Commercial Lines primarily consisted of the following:

 

    General Liability: A $1.4 million reduction primarily due to lower than expected claims severity in the 2004 through 2014 accident years partially offset by increases in the 2015 through 2017 accident years.

 

    Commercial Auto Liability: A $1.0 million reduction in the 2010 and 2012 accident years reflects lower than anticipated claims severity.

 

    Property: A $0.4 million decrease in the non-catastrophe property reserve category. The decrease reflects slightly lower than expected claims frequency and severity, primarily in the 2015 and 2017 accident years, partially offset by an increase in the 2016 accident year for the property catastrophe reserve category.

The $1.1 million reduction of prior accident year loss reserves related to Personal Lines primarily consisted of the following:

 

    Property: A $0.9 million reduction primarily in the agriculture reserve category for the 2015 and 2017 accident years, partially offset by an increase in the 2016 accident year. The decrease reflects lower than expected claims frequency and severity.

The $2.1 million reduction of prior accident year loss reserves related to Reinsurance Operations was from the property lines for accident years 2015 and 2016, partially offset by increases in the 2013, 2014 and 2017 accident years. Ultimate losses were adjusted in these accident years based on a review of the experience reported from cedants.

In the first quarter of 2017, the Company reduced its prior accident year loss reserves by $10.1 million, which consisted of a $5.3 million decrease related to Commercial Lines, a $3.2 million decrease related to Personal Lines, and a $1.7 million decrease related to Reinsurance Operations.

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

The $5.3 million reduction of prior accident year loss reserves related to Commercial Lines primarily consisted of the following:

 

    Property: A $1.7 million reduction in the property catastrophe reserve categories. The decrease recognizes a lower than expected claims severity, primarily in the 2016 accident year.

 

    General Liability: A $4.0 million reduction in the reserve categories excluding construction defect. Lower than expected claims severity was the driver of the favorable development, primarily in the 2007 through 2013 accident years.

The $3.2 million reduction of prior accident year loss reserves related to Personal Lines primarily consisted of the following:

 

    Property: A $2.7 million reduction in the property reserve categories, both including and excluding catastrophes. The decrease reflects lower than expected case incurred emergence, primarily in the 2016 accident year.

 

    General Liability: A $0.5 million reduction in the agriculture reserve categories. Lower than expected case incurred emergence in the 2016 accident year was the driver of the favorable development.

The $1.7 million reduction related to Reinsurance Operations was from the property lines. Ultimate losses were lowered in the 2013 through 2015 accident years based on a review of the experience reported from cedants.

Loss indemnification related to Purchase of American Reliable

On March 8, 2018, the Company settled its final reserve calculation which resulted in $41.5 million being due to Global Indemnity Group, Inc. in accordance with the Stock Purchase Agreement between Global Indemnity Group, Inc. and American Bankers Insurance Group, Inc. for the purchase of American Reliable. The settlement is comprised of (i) receipt of $38.8 million for loss and loss adjustment expenses paid on or after January 1, 2015 or payable as of December 31, 2017 with respect to losses incurred prior to January 1, 2015, (ii) receipt of $6.2 million for accrued interest and (iii) payment of $3.5 million for the difference between the agreed upon purchase price and actual settlement on January 1, 2015. These amounts, which were included in other assets on the consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2017, were received on March 9, 2018.

 

7. Shareholders’ Equity

Repurchases of the Company’s Ordinary Shares

The following table provides information with respect to the A ordinary shares that were surrendered or repurchased during the quarter ended March 31, 2018:

 

Period (1)

   Total Number
of Shares
Purchased
    Average
Price Paid
Per Share
     Total Number of Shares
Purchased as Part of
Publicly Announced

Plan or Program
     Approximate Dollar
Value of Shares that May
Yet Be Purchased Under
the Plans or Programs
 

January 1-31, 2018

     26,639  (2)    $ 42.02        —          —    

March 1-31, 2018

     18,594  (2)    $ 37.27        —          —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total

     45,233     $ 40.07        —       
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

(1) Based on settlement date.
(2) Surrendered by employees as payment of taxes withheld on the vesting of restricted stock.

 

26


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GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

The following table provides information with respect to the A ordinary shares that were surrendered or repurchased during the quarter ended March 31, 2017:

 

Period (1)

   Total Number
of Shares
Purchased
    Average
Price Paid
Per Share
     Total Number of Shares
Purchased as Part of
Publicly Announced

Plan or Program
     Approximate Dollar
Value of Shares that May
Yet Be Purchased Under
the Plans or Programs
 

January 1-31, 2017

     13,656  (2)    $ 38.21        —          —    

February 1-28, 2017

     15,309  (2)    $ 40.18        —          —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total

     28,965     $ 39.25        —       
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

(1) Based on settlement date.
(2) Surrendered by employees as payment of taxes withheld on the vesting of restricted stock.

There were no B ordinary shares that were surrendered or repurchased during the quarters ended March 31, 2018 or 2017.

Please see Note 13 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8 Part II of the Company’s 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information on the Company’s repurchase program.

Dividends

On March 4, 2018, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a dividend payment of $0.25 per ordinary share to all shareholders of record on the close of business on March 21, 2018. On March 29, 2018, dividends totaling $3.5 million were paid to shareholders. As of March 31, 2018, accrued dividends on unvested shares, which were included in other liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets, were $0.05 million.

Please see Note 13 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8 Part II of the Company’s 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information on the Company’s dividend program.

 

8. Related Party Transactions

Fox Paine & Company (“Fox Paine”)

As of March 31, 2018, Fox Paine beneficially owned shares having approximately 82% of the Company’s total outstanding voting power. Fox Paine has the right to appoint a number of the Company’s Directors equal in aggregate to the pro rata percentage of the voting shares of the Company beneficially held by Fox Paine for so long as Fox Paine holds an aggregate of 25% or more of the voting power in the Company. Fox Paine controls the election of all of the Company’s Directors due to its controlling share ownership. The Company’s Chairman is a member of Fox Paine.

The Company relies on Fox Paine to provide management services and other services related to the operations of the Company, and Fox Paine may propose and negotiate transaction fees with the Company, subject to the provisions of the Company’s related party transaction policies including approval of the Company’s Audit Committee of the Board of Directors, for those services from time to time. The Company incurred management fees of $0.5 million during each of the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 as part of the annual management fee paid to Fox Paine. As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, unpaid management fees, which were included in other liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets, were $7.3 million and $6.8 million, respectively. During the quarter ended March 31, 2018, Fox Paine also performed advisory services for the Company in relation to a transaction whereby one of the Company’s indirect wholly owned subsidiaries became a co-obligor on the Company’s subordinated notes during the second quarter of 2018. The advisory services were performed during the first and second quarter of 2018. The total fee for these services is estimated to be $12.5 million. The Company estimates that 50% of the services were provided in the first quarter of 2018 and has included $6.25 million in corporate expense and accrued $6.25 million in other liabilities as of March 31, 2018. The remainder of the fee will be recorded in the second quarter of 2018.

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

9. Commitments and Contingencies

Legal Proceedings

The Company is, from time to time, involved in various legal proceedings in the ordinary course of business. The Company maintains insurance and reinsurance coverage for such risks in amounts that it considers adequate. However, there can be no assurance that the insurance and reinsurance coverage that the Company maintains is sufficient or will be available in adequate amounts or at a reasonable cost. The Company does not believe that the resolution of any currently pending legal proceedings, either individually or taken as a whole, will have a material adverse effect on its business, results of operations, cash flows, or financial condition.

There is a greater potential for disputes with reinsurers who are in runoff. Some of the Company’s reinsurers’ have operations that are in runoff, and therefore, the Company closely monitors those relationships. The Company anticipates that, similar to the rest of the insurance and reinsurance industry, it will continue to be subject to litigation and arbitration proceedings in the ordinary course of business.

Commitments

In 2014, the Company entered into a $50 million commitment to purchase an alternative investment vehicle which is comprised of European non-performing loans. As of March 31, 2018, the Company has funded $35.8 million of this commitment leaving $14.2 million as unfunded.

In 2016, the Company entered into a $40 million commitment with an investment manager that provides financing for middle market companies. As of March 31, 2018, the Company has completely funded the $40.0 million commitment. Of this amount, $5.2 million is still recallable.

In 2017, the Company entered into a $50 million commitment to purchase an alternative investment vehicle comprised of stressed and distressed debt instruments. As of March 31, 2018, the Company has funded $20.8 million of this commitment leaving $29.2 million as unfunded.

 

10. Share-Based Compensation Plans

Options

On March 6, 2018, the Company entered into a Chief Executive Agreement (the “Employment Agreement”) with Cynthia Y. Valko, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer. In accordance with the Employment Agreement, the vesting schedule on the 300,000 stock options issued in 2014 (“Tranche 2 Options”) was modified. The Tranche 2 Options will now vest on each December 31 of 2018, 2019 and 2020 in an amount based on Ms. Valko’s attainment of Return on Equity criteria specified in the Employment Agreement. As a result of applying modification accounting, stock based compensation was reduced by $0.3 million during the quarter ended March 31, 2018.

Under the terms of the Employment Agreement, Ms. Valko was also granted an additional 300,000 Time-Based Options (“Tranche 3 Options”) with an exercise price of $50 per share. Tranche 3 Options vest 1/3 on December 31 of 2018, 2019 and 2020, if Ms. Valko remains employed and in good standing as of such date. Tranche 3 Options expire on the earlier of December 31, 2027 and 90 calendar days after Ms. Valko is neither employed by Global Indemnity nor a member of the Board of Directors.

Other than the Tranche 3 Options granted to Ms. Valko, no additional stock options were awarded during the quarter ended March 31, 2018. No stock options were awarded during the quarter ended March 31, 2017. No unvested stock options were forfeited during the quarters ended March 31, 2018 or 2017.

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

Restricted Shares

During the quarter ended March 31, 2018, the Company granted 38,778 A ordinary shares, with a weighted average grant date value of $40.57 per share, to key employees under the Plan. 11,843 of these shares vested immediately. The remainder will vest as follows

 

    16.5%, 16.5%, and 17.0% of the granted stock vest on January 1, 2019, January 1, 2020, and January 1, 2021, respectively.

 

    Subject to Board approval, 50% of granted stock vests 100%, no later than March 15, 2021, following a re-measurement of 2017 results as of December 31, 2020.

During the quarter ended March 31, 2017, the Company granted 22,503 A ordinary shares, with a weighted average grant date value of $38.21 per share, to key employees under the Plan. These shares will vest as follows:

 

    16.5%, 16.5%, and 17.0% of the granted stock vest on January 1, 2018, January 1, 2019, and January 1, 2020, respectively.

 

    Subject to Board approval, 50% of granted stock vests 100%, no later than March 15, 2020, following a re-measurement of 2016 results as of December 31, 2019.

During the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company granted 9,142 and 6,700 A ordinary shares, respectively, at a weighted average grant date value of $34.52 and $38.49 per share, respectively, to non-employee directors of the Company under the Plan. All of the shares granted to non-employee directors of the Company in 2018 and 2017 were fully vested but are subject to certain restrictions.

 

11. Earnings Per Share

Earnings per share have been computed using the weighted average number of ordinary shares and ordinary share equivalents outstanding during the period.

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share:

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
(Dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)    2018      2017  

Net income

   $ 5,701      $ 12,282  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share:

     

Weighted average shares outstanding – basic

     14,055,022        17,316,015  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income per share

   $ 0.41      $ 0.71  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share:

     

Weighted average shares outstanding – diluted

     14,285,837        17,646,080  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income per share

   $ 0.40      $ 0.70  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

A reconciliation of weighted average shares for basic earnings per share to weighted average shares for diluted earnings per share is as follows:

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
     2018      2017  

Weighted average shares for basic earnings per share

     14,055,022        17,316,015  

Non-vested restricted stock

     68,782        136,380  

Options

     162,033        193,685  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average shares for diluted earnings per share

     14,285,837        17,646,080  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

The weighted average shares outstanding used to determine dilutive earnings per share for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 does not include 600,000 shares which were deemed to be anti-dilutive. There were no anti-dilutive shares for the quarter ended March 31, 2017.

 

12. Segment Information

The Company manages its business through three business segments. Commercial Lines offers specialty property and casualty products designed for product lines such as Small Business Binding Authority, Property Brokerage, and Programs. Personal Lines offers specialty personal lines and agricultural coverage. Reinsurance Operations provides reinsurance solutions through brokers and primary writers including insurance and reinsurance companies.

The following are tabulations of business segment information for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

Quarter Ended March 31, 2018:

(Dollars in thousands)

   Commercial
Lines (1)
    Personal
Lines (1)
    Reinsurance
Operations (2)
    Total  

Revenues:

        

Gross premiums written

   $ 53,773     $ 60,165  (6)    $ 10,309     $ 124,247  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums written

   $ 48,306     $ 49,255     $ 10,309     $ 107,870  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums earned

   $ 47,362     $ 50,612     $ 10,028     $ 108,002  

Other income

     —         503       51       554  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     47,362       51,115       10,079       108,556  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Losses and Expenses:

        

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses

     25,029       27,621       3,422       56,072  

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses

     19,205  (3)      22,179  (4)      3,619       45,003  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from segments

   $ 3,128     $ 1,315     $ 3,038     $ 7,481  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Unallocated Items:

        

Net investment income

           11,404  

Net realized investment loss

           (316

Corporate and other operating expenses

           (9,260

Interest expense

           (4,861
        

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

           4,448  

Income tax benefit

           1,253  
        

 

 

 

Net income

         $ 5,701  
        

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 893,115     $ 494,908     $ 575,691  (5)    $ 1,963,714  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) Includes business ceded to the Company’s Reinsurance Operations.
(2) External business only, excluding business assumed from affiliates.
(3) Includes federal excise tax of $174 relating to cessions from Commercial Lines to Reinsurance Operations.
(4) Includes federal excise tax of $206 relating to cessions from Personal Lines to Reinsurance Operations.
(5) Comprised of Global Indemnity Reinsurance’s total assets less its investment in subsidiaries.
(6) Includes ($867) of business written by American Reliable that is ceded to insurance companies owned by Assurant under a 100% quota share reinsurance agreement.

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

Quarter Ended March 31, 2017:

(Dollars in thousands)

   Commercial
Lines (1)
    Personal
Lines (1)
    Reinsurance
Operations (2)
    Total  

Revenues:

        

Gross premiums written

   $ 45,911     $ 62,017  (6)    $ 15,823     $ 123,751  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums written

   $ 41,115     $ 54,583     $ 15,808     $ 111,506  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums earned

   $ 44,992     $ 58,663     $ 9,471     $ 113,126  

Other income

     —         1,281       87       1,368  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     44,992       59,944       9,558       114,494  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Losses and Expenses:

        

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses

     20,424       38,715       3,422       62,561  

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses

     19,019  (3)      24,534  (4)      2,998       46,551  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) from segments

   $ 5,549     $ (3,305   $ 3,138     $ 5,382  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Unallocated Items:

        

Net investment income

           8,644  

Net realized investment gain

           775  

Corporate and other operating expenses

           (3,054

Interest expense

           (2,467
        

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

           9,280  

Income tax benefit

           3,002  
        

 

 

 

Net income

           12,282  
        

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 877,798     $ 479,640     $ 714,947  (5)    $ 2,072,385  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) Includes business ceded to the Company’s Reinsurance Operations.
(2) External business only, excluding business assumed from affiliates.
(3) Includes federal excise tax of $120 relating to cessions from Commercial Lines to Reinsurance Operations.
(4) Includes federal excise tax of $293 relating to cessions from Personal Lines to Reinsurance Operations.
(5) Comprised of Global Indemnity Reinsurance’s total assets less its investment in subsidiaries.
(6) Includes $1,051 of business written by American Reliable that is ceded to insurance companies owned by Assurant under a 100% quota share reinsurance agreement.

 

13. New Accounting Pronouncements

Accounting Standards Adopted in 2018

In March, 2018, the FASB issued new accounting guidance whereby the SEC provided clarification to address any uncertainty or diversity of views in practice related to the application of ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes, in situations where a registrant does not have the necessary information available, prepared, or analyzed (including computations) in reasonable detail to complete the accounting under Account Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 740 for certain income tax effects of the TCJA for the reporting period in which the Act was enacted. This guidance is effective immediately. Accordingly, provisional estimates were recorded based on the Company’s initial analysis and current interpretation of the legislation and disclosed in the notes above. The adoption of this new accounting guidance did not have a material impact to the Company’s financial condition, results of operation, or cash flows.

In February, 2018, the FASB issued new accounting guidance which allows a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the TCJA. The amendments in this Update also require certain disclosures related to stranded tax effects. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company early adopted the provisions of this new guidance on January 1, 2018 and made an election to reclassify, in its entirety, all stranded tax effects related to TCJA. As a result, the Company recorded a cumulative effect adjustment of $0.1 million which was reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings. The adoption of this new accounting guidance did not have a material impact to the Company’s financial condition, results of operation, or cash flows.

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

In May, 2017, the FASB issued updated accounting guidance which clarified whether changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting. This guidance is effective for all entities for annual periods, and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2017. The Company adopted this guidance during the first quarter of 2018. The provisions of this guidance were adopted on a prospective basis. As a result of adopting this guidance, stock based compensation was reduced by $0.3 million during the quarter ended March 31, 2018. The adjustment was due to the Company entering into an Employment Agreement with its Chief Executive Officer which modified the vesting schedule on 300,000 options issued in 2014. The Company did not record a cumulative effect adjustment to shareholders’ equity as a result of adopting this guidance and the adoption of this new accounting guidance did not have a material impact to the Company’s financial condition, results of operation, or cash flows.

In October, 2016, the FASB issued new accounting guidance regarding intra-entity transfers of assets other than inventory. Prior to adoption, the tax effects of intra-entity asset transfers (intercompany sales) were deferred until the transferred asset was sold to a third party or otherwise recovered through use. This is an exception to the principle in ASC 740, Income Taxes, that generally requires comprehensive recognition of current and deferred income taxes. The new guidance eliminates the exception for all intra-entity sales of assets other than inventory. As a result, a reporting entity would recognize the tax expense from the sale of the asset in the seller’s tax jurisdiction when the transfer occurs, even though the pre-tax effects of that transaction are eliminated in consolidation. Any deferred tax asset that arises in the buyer’s jurisdiction would also be recognized at the time of the transfer. Upon adoption on January 1, 2018, the Company applied the provisions of this guidance on a modified retrospective basis resulting in a cumulative-effect adjustment which increased retained earnings by $0.2 million. The adoption of this new accounting guidance did not have a material impact to the Company’s financial condition, results of operation, or cash flows.

In August, 2016, the FASB issued new accounting guidance regarding the classification of certain cash receipts and cash payments within the statements of cash flows. The new guidance addresses eight specific cash flow issues with the objective of reducing the existing diversity in practice. This guidance is effective for public business entities for fiscal periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Upon adoption on January 1, 2018, the Company made an accounting policy election to use the cumulative earnings approach for presenting distributions received from equity method investees. Under this approach, distributions up to the amount of cumulative equity in earnings recognized will be treated as returns on investment and presented in operating activities and those in excess of that amount will be treated as returns of investment and presented in the investing section. Prior to adoption, all distributions received from equity method investees were presented in the investing section of the consolidated statements of cash flows. The other cash flow issues addressed by the new guidance did not impact the Company. The provisions of this accounting guidance were adopted on a retrospective basis. The adoption of this new accounting guidance did not have a material impact to the Company’s financial condition, results of operation, or cash flows.

In January, 2016, the FASB issued new accounting guidance surrounding the accounting for financial instruments. The new guidance addresses certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments. In particular, the guidance requires equity investments, except for those accounted for under the equity method of accounting or those that result in consolidation of the investee, to be measured at fair value with the changes in fair value recognized in net income. It also simplifies the impairment assessment of equity investments without readily determinable fair values by requiring a qualitative assessment to identify impairment. This guidance is effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Upon adoption on January 1, 2018, the Company recorded a cumulative effect adjustment, net of tax, of $10.0 million which reduced accumulated other comprehensive income and increased retained earnings. During the quarter ended March 31, 2018, net realized investment gains (losses) included a loss of $4.9 million related to the change in the fair value of equity investments in accordance with this new accounting guidance.

In May, 2014, the FASB issued new accounting guidance regarding the recognition of revenue from customers arising from the transfer of goods and services. The core principle of the guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. This guidance is effective for public business entities for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period. The Company adopted the standard and all related amendments using the modified retrospective method. Long and short duration insurance contracts, which comprise the majority of the Company’s revenues, are excluded from this accounting guidance. As such,

 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

revenue within the scope of the new guidance primarily includes fee income. The adoption of this new accounting guidance did not have a material impact to the Company’s financial condition, results of operation, or cash flows. There were no material changes in the timing or measurement of revenues based upon the guidance. As a result, there is no cumulative effect on retained earnings.

Recently Issued Accounting Guidance Not Yet Adopted

Please see Note 22 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8 Part II of the Company’s 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information on accounting pronouncements issued in 2017 which have not been implemented in 2018.

 

14. Subsequent Events

On April 25, 2018, Global Indemnity Group, Inc. (“GIGI”), an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, became a subordinated co-obligor with respect to the 7.75% Subordinated Notes due in 2045 and the 7.875% Subordinated Notes due in 2047 with the same obligations and duties as the Company under the Indenture (including the due and punctual performance and observance of all of the covenants and conditions to be performed by the Company, including, without limitation, the obligation to pay the principal of and interest on the Notes of any series when due whether at maturity, by acceleration, redemption or otherwise), and with the same rights, benefits and privileges of the Company thereunder. Notwithstanding the foregoing, GIGI’s obligations (including the obligation to pay the principal of and interest in respect of the Notes of any series) are subject to subordination to all monetary obligations or liabilities of GIGI owing to Global Indemnity Reinsurance, Ltd., a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, and/or any other regulated reinsurance or insurance company that is a direct or indirect subsidiary of the Company, in addition to indebtedness of GIGI for borrowed money.

In conjunction with the co-obligor transaction discussed above, Fox Paine performed advisory services during the first and second quarters of 2018. The total fee for these services is estimated to be $12.5 million. The Company estimates that 50% of the services were provided in the first quarter of 2018 and has included $6.25 million in corporate expense and accrued $6.25 million in other liabilities. The remainder of the fee will be recorded in the second quarter of 2018.

 

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Item 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion and analysis of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes of Global Indemnity included elsewhere in this report. Some of the information contained in this discussion and analysis or set forth elsewhere in this report, including information with respect to the Company’s plans and strategy, constitutes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Please see “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” at the end of this Item 2 for a discussion of important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results described in or implied by the forward-looking statements contained herein. For more information regarding the Company’s business and operations, please see the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

Recent Developments

During the quarter ended March 31, 2018, the Company received regulatory approval to terminate the quota share agreement between Global Indemnity Reinsurance and the Company’s U.S. insurance companies effective January 1, 2018.

On March 4, 2018, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a dividend payment of $0.25 per ordinary share to all shareholders of record on the close of business on March 21, 2018. On March 29, 2018, dividends totaling $3.5 million were paid to shareholders. As of March 31, 2018, accrued dividends on unvested shares, which were included in other liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets, were $0.05 million.

On April 25, 2018 the Company and Global Indemnity Group, Inc., an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, entered into an agreement pursuant to which Global Indemnity Group, Inc. agreed to become a subordinated co-obligor with respect to the 7.75% subordinated notes due 2045 and the 7.875% subordinated notes due 2047. Please see Note 14 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of Part I of this report for further discussion on this transaction.

Overview

The Company’s Commercial Lines segment distribute property and casualty insurance products through a group of approximately 120 professional general agencies that have limited quoting and binding authority, as well as a number of wholesale insurance brokers who in turn sell the Company’s insurance products to insureds through retail insurance brokers. Commercial Lines operates predominantly in the excess and surplus lines marketplace. The Company manages its Commercial Lines segment via product classifications. These product classifications are: 1) Penn-America, which includes property and general liability products for small commercial businesses distributed through a select network of wholesale general agents with specific binding authority; 2) United National, which includes property, general liability, and professional lines products distributed through program administrators with specific binding authority; 3) Diamond State, which includes property, casualty, and professional lines products distributed through wholesale brokers and program administrators with specific binding authority; and 4) Vacant Express, which primarily insures dwellings which are currently vacant, undergoing renovation, or are under construction and is distributed through aggregators, brokers, and retail agents.

The Company’s Personal Lines segment, via American Reliable, offers specialty personal lines and agricultural coverage through a group of approximately 250 agents, primarily comprised of wholesale general agents, with specific binding authority in the admitted marketplace.

 

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The Company’s Reinsurance Operations, consisting solely of the operations of Global Indemnity Reinsurance, currently provides reinsurance solutions through brokers and on a direct basis. Global Indemnity Reinsurance is a Bermuda based treaty reinsurer for specialty property and casualty insurance and reinsurance companies. Global Indemnity Reinsurance conducts business in Bermuda and is focused on using its capital capacity to write catastrophe-oriented placements and other niche or specialty-focused treaties meeting the Company’s risk tolerance and return thresholds.

The Company derives its revenues primarily from premiums paid on insurance policies that it writes and from income generated by its investment portfolio, net of fees paid for investment management services. The amount of insurance premiums that the Company receives is a function of the amount and type of policies it writes, as well as prevailing market prices.

The Company’s expenses include losses and loss adjustment expenses, acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses, corporate and other operating expenses, interest, investment expenses, and income taxes. Losses and loss adjustment expenses are estimated by management and reflect the Company’s best estimate of ultimate losses and costs arising during the reporting period and revisions of prior period estimates. The Company records its best estimate of losses and loss adjustment expenses considering both internal and external actuarial analyses of the estimated losses the Company expects to incur on the insurance policies it writes. The ultimate losses and loss adjustment expenses will depend on the actual costs to resolve claims. Acquisition costs consist principally of commissions and premium taxes that are typically a percentage of the premiums on the insurance policies the Company writes, net of ceding commissions earned from reinsurers. Other underwriting expenses consist primarily of personnel expenses and general operating expenses related to underwriting activities. Corporate and other operating expenses are comprised primarily of outside legal fees, other professional and accounting fees, directors’ fees, management fees & advisory fees, and salaries and benefits for company personnel whose services relate to the support of corporate activities. Interest expense is primarily comprised of amounts due on outstanding debt.

Critical Accounting Estimates and Policies

The Company’s consolidated financial statements are prepared in conformity with GAAP, which require it to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates and assumptions.

The most critical accounting policies involve significant estimates and include those used in determining the liability for unpaid losses and loss adjustment expenses, recoverability of reinsurance receivables, investments, fair value measurements, goodwill and intangible assets, deferred acquisition costs, and taxation. For a detailed discussion on each of these policies, please see the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017. There have been no significant changes to any of these policies or underlying methodologies during the current year except for the following:

 

    The Company adopted new accounting guidance which requires equity investments, except for those accounted for under the equity method of accounting or those that result in consolidation of the investee, to be measured at fair value with the changes in fair value recognized in net income.

 

    The Company adopted new accounting guidance regarding the classification of certain cash receipts and cash payments within the statement of cash flows. Upon adoption, the Company made a policy election to use the cumulative earnings approach for presenting distributions received from equity method investees. Under this approach, distributions up to the amount of cumulative equity in earnings recognized will be treated as returns on investment and presented in operating activities and those in excess of that amount will be treated as returns of investment and presented in the investing section.

 

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Results of Operations

The following table summarizes the Company’s results for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017:

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Quarters Ended
March 31,
    %
Change
 
     2018     2017    

Gross premiums written

   $ 124,247     $ 123,751       0.4
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums written

   $ 107,870     $ 111,506       (3.3 %) 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums earned

   $ 108,002     $ 113,126       (4.5 %) 

Other income

     554       1,368       (59.5 %) 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     108,556       114,494       (5.2 %) 

Losses and expenses:

      

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses

     56,072       62,561       (10.4 %) 

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses

     45,003       46,551       (3.3 %) 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Underwriting income

     7,481       5,382       39.0

Net investment income

     11,404       8,644       31.9

Net realized investment gains (losses)

     (316     775       (140.8 %) 

Corporate and other operating expenses

     (9,260     (3,054     203.2

Interest expense

     (4,861     (2,467     97.0
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

     4,448       9,280       (52.1 %) 

Income tax benefit

     1,253       3,002       (58.3 %) 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 5,701     $ 12,282       (53.6 %) 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Underwriting Ratios:

      

Loss ratio (1):

     51.9     55.3  

Expense ratio (2)

     41.7     41.1  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

Combined ratio (3)

     93.6     96.4  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

(1) The loss ratio is a GAAP financial measure that is generally viewed in the insurance industry as an indicator of underwriting profitability and is calculated by dividing net losses and loss adjustment expenses by net premiums earned.
(2) The expense ratio is a GAAP financial measure that is calculated by dividing the sum of acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses by net premiums earned.
(3) The combined ratio is a GAAP financial measure and is the sum of the Company’s loss and expense ratios.

 

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Premiums

The following table summarizes the change in premium volume by business segment:

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Quarters Ended
March 31,
     %
Change
 
     2018      2017     

Gross premiums written (1)

        

Commercial Lines

   $ 53,773      $ 45,911        17.1

Personal Lines (3)

     60,165        62,017        (3.0 %) 

Reinsurance (5)

     10,309        15,823        (34.8 %) 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total gross premiums written

   $ 124,247      $ 123,751        0.4
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ceded premiums written

        

Commercial Lines

   $ 5,467      $ 4,796        14.0

Personal Lines

     10,910        7,434        46.8

Reinsurance (5)

     —          15        NM  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total ceded premiums written

   $ 16,377      $ 12,245        33.7
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net premiums written (2)

        

Commercial Lines

   $ 48,306      $ 41,115        17.5

Personal Lines

     49,255        54,583        (9.8 %) 

Reinsurance (5)

     10,309        15,808        (34.8 %) 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total net premiums written

   $ 107,870      $ 111,506        (3.3 %) 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net premiums earned

        

Commercial Lines (4)

   $ 47,362      $ 44,992        5.3

Personal Lines (4)

     50,612        58,663        (13.7 %) 

Reinsurance (5)

     10,028        9,471        5.9
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total net premiums earned

   $ 108,002      $ 113,126        (4.5 %) 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

NM – not meaningful

 

(1) Gross premiums written represent the amount received or to be received for insurance policies written without reduction for reinsurance costs or other deductions.
(2) Net premiums written equal gross premiums written less ceded premiums written.
(3) Includes business written by American Reliable that is ceded to insurance companies owned by Assurant under a 100% quota share reinsurance agreement of ($867) and $1,051 during the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
(4) Includes business ceded to the Company’s Reinsurance Operations.
(5) External business only, excluding business assumed from affiliates.

Gross premiums written increased by 0.4% for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 as compared to same period in 2017. Gross premiums written include business written by American Reliable that is ceded to insurance entities owned by Assurant under a 100% quota share reinsurance agreement in the amount of ($0.9) million and $1.1 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Excluding the business that is ceded 100% to insurance entities owned by Assurant, gross premiums written increased by 2.0% for the quarter March 31, 2018 as compared to same period in 2017. The increase is mainly due to the premium growth within the Company’s Commercial Lines offset by a reduction in premiums written within the Company’s Reinsurance Operations due to the cancellation of a treaty. The growth experienced in Commercial Lines is primarily being driven by rate increases primarily due to catastrophes experienced in the prior year, new programs, and increased interactions with agents.

 

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Net Retention

The ratio of net premiums written to gross premiums written is referred to as the Company’s net premium retention. The Company’s net premium retention is summarized by segments as follows:

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Quarters
Ended

March 31,
       
     2018     2017     Change  

Commercial Lines

     89.8     89.6     0.2  

Personal Lines (1)

     80.7     89.5     (8.8

Reinsurance

     100.0     99.9     0.1  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total (1)

     86.2     90.9     (4.7
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) Excludes business written by American Reliable that is ceded to insurance companies owned by Assurant under a 100% quota share reinsurance agreement of ($867) and $1,051 during the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

The net premium retention for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 decreased by 8.8 points for Personal Lines as compared to 2017 primarily due to the Property Catastrophe Quota Share Treaty that became effective on April 15, 2017. Please see the Liquidity section within Item 7 of Part II in the Company’s 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information on the Property Catastrophe Quota Share.

Net Premiums Earned

Net premiums earned within the Commercial Lines segment increased by 5.3% for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 as compared to the same period in 2017. The increase in net premiums earned was primarily due to an increase in gross premiums written. Property net premiums earned were $23.7 million in each of the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Casualty net premiums earned were $23.7 million and $21.3 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

Net premiums earned within the Personal Lines segment decreased by 13.7% for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 as compared to the same period in 2017 primarily due to a decline in gross premiums written as well as additional premiums being ceded due to the Property Catastrophe Quota Share Treaty that became effective on April 15, 2017. Property net premiums earned were $42.7 million and $50.2 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Casualty net premiums earned were $7.9 million and $8.5 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

Net premiums earned within the Reinsurance Operations segment increased by 5.9% for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 as compared to the same period in 2017. The increase in net premiums earned was primarily due to the mortgage treaty which earns out over an eight year period. Property net premiums earned were $8.7 million and $8.3 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Casualty net premiums earned were $1.3 million and $1.2 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

Reserves

Management’s best estimate at March 31, 2018 was recorded as the loss reserve. Management’s best estimate is as of a particular point in time and is based upon known facts, the Company’s actuarial analyses, current law, and the Company’s judgment. This resulted in carried gross and net reserves of $615.1 million and $522.8 million, respectively, as of March 31, 2018. A breakout of the Company’s gross and net reserves, as of March 31, 2018, is as follows:

 

     Gross Reserves  
(Dollars in thousands)    Case      IBNR (1)      Total  

Commercial Lines

   $ 116,283      $ 296,506      $ 412,789  

Personal Lines

     33,648        80,208        113,856  

Reinsurance Operations

     30,965        57,515        88,480  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 180,896      $ 434,229      $ 615,125  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

 

     Net Reserves (2)  
(Dollars in thousands)    Case      IBNR (1)      Total  

Commercial Lines

   $ 90,491      $ 247,836      $ 338,327  

Personal Lines

     28,035        68,032        96,067  

Reinsurance Operations

     30,965        57,452        88,417  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 149,491      $ 373,320      $ 522,811  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Losses incurred but not reported, including the expected future emergence of case reserves.
(2) Does not include reinsurance receivable on paid losses.

Each reserve category has an implicit frequency and severity for each accident year as a result of the various assumptions made. If the actual levels of loss frequency and severity are higher or lower than expected, the ultimate losses will be different than management’s best estimate. For most of its reserve categories, the Company believes that frequency can be predicted with greater accuracy than severity. Therefore, the Company believes management’s best estimate is more likely influenced by changes in severity than frequency. The following table, which the Company believes reflects a reasonable range of variability around its best estimate based on historical loss experience and management’s judgment, reflects the impact of changes (which could be favorable or unfavorable) in frequency and severity on the Company’s current accident year net loss estimate of $62.0 million for claims occurring during the quarter ended March 31, 2018:

 

(Dollars in thousands)          Severity Change  
           -10%     -5%     0%     5%     10%  

Frequency Change

    -5%      $ (8,990   $ (6,045   $ (3,100   $ (155   $ 2,790  
    -3%        (7,874     (4,867     (1,860     1,147       4,154  
    -2%        (7,316     (4,278     (1,240     1,798       4,836  
    -1%        (6,758     (3,689     (620     2,449       5,518  
    0%        (6,200     (3,100     —         3,100       6,200  
    1%        (5,642     (2,511     620       3,751       6,882  
    2%        (5,084     (1,922     1,240       4,402       7,564  
    3%        (4,526     (1,333     1,860       5,053       8,246  
    5%        (3,410     (155     3,100       6,355       9,610  

The Company’s net reserves for losses and loss adjustment expenses of $522.8 million as of March 31, 2018 relate to multiple accident years. Therefore, the impact of changes in frequency and severity for more than one accident year could be higher or lower than the amounts reflected above.

 

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Underwriting Results

Commercial Lines

The components of income from the Company’s Commercial Lines segment and corresponding underwriting ratios are as follows:

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Quarters Ended
March 31,
    %
Change
 
     2018 (2)     2017 (2)    

Gross premiums written

   $ 53,773     $ 45,911       17.1
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums written

   $ 48,306     $ 41,115       17.5
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums earned

   $ 47,362     $ 44,992       5.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     47,362       44,992       5.3

Losses and expenses:

      

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses

     25,029       20,424       22.5

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses (1)

     19,205       19,019       1.0
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Underwriting income (loss)

   $ 3,128     $ 5,549       (43.6 %) 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     Quarters Ended
March 31,
    Point
Change
 
     2018     2017    

Underwriting Ratios:

      

Loss ratio:

      

Current accident year

     58.6     57.1     1.5  

Prior accident year

     (5.7     (11.7 %)      6.0  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Calendar year loss ratio

     52.9     45.4     7.5  

Expense ratio

     40.5     42.3     (1.8
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Combined ratio

     93.4     87.7     5.7  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) Includes excise tax related to cessions from the Company’s Commercial Lines to its Reinsurance Operations of $174 and $120 for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
(2) Includes business ceded to the Company’s Reinsurance Operations.

 

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Reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures and ratios

The table below reconciles the non-GAAP measures or ratios, which excludes the impact of prior accident year adjustments, to its most directly comparable GAAP measure or ratio. The Company believes the non-GAAP measures or ratios are useful to investors when evaluating the Company’s underwriting performance as trends in the Company’s Commercial Lines may be obscured by prior accident year adjustments. These non-GAAP measures or ratios should not be considered as a substitute for its most directly comparable GAAP measure or ratio and does not reflect the overall underwriting profitability of the Company.

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
     2018     2017  
     Losses $      Loss
Ratio
    Losses $      Loss
Ratio
 

Property

          

Non catastrophe property losses and ratio excluding the effect of prior accident year (1)

   $ 11,792        49.8   $ 10,132        42.8

Effect of prior accident year

     (421      (1.8 %)      (235      (1.0 %) 
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Non catastrophe property losses and ratio (2)

   $ 11,371        48.0   $ 9,897        41.8
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Catastrophe losses and ratio excluding the effect of prior accident year (1)

   $ 1,775        7.5   $ 2,897        12.2

Effect of prior accident year

     8        0.0     (1,459      (6.2 %) 
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Catastrophe losses and ratio (2)

   $ 1,783        7.5   $ 1,438        6.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total property losses and ratio excluding the effect of prior accident year (1)

   $ 13,567        57.3   $ 13,029        55.0

Effect of prior accident year

     (413      (1.8 %)      (1,694      (7.2 %) 
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total property losses and ratio (2)

   $ 13,154        55.5   $ 11,335        47.8
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Casualty

          

Total Casualty losses and ratio excluding the effect of prior accident year (1)

   $ 14,167        59.9   $ 12,646        59.3

Effect of prior accident year

     (2,292      (9.7 %)      (3,557      (16.7 %) 
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Casualty losses and ratio (2)

   $ 11,875        50.2   $ 9,089        42.6
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

          

Total net losses and loss adjustment expense and total loss ratio excluding the effect of prior accident year (1)

   $ 27,734        58.6   $ 25,675        57.1

Effect of prior accident year

     (2,705      (5.7 %)      (5,251      (11.7 %) 
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total net losses and loss adjustment expense and total loss ratio (2)

   $ 25,029        52.9   $ 20,424        45.4
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Non-GAAP measure / ratio
(2) Most directly comparable GAAP measure / ratio

Premiums

See “Result of Operations” above for a discussion on premiums.

 

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Loss Ratio

The current accident year losses and loss ratio is summarized as follows:

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Quarters Ended
March 31,
    %
Change
 
     2018     2017    

Property losses

      

Catastrophe

   $ 1,775     $ 2,897       (38.7 %) 

Non-catastrophe

     11,792       10,132       16.4
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Property losses

     13,567       13,029       4.1

Casualty losses

     14,167       12,646       12.0
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total accident year losses

   $ 27,734     $ 25,675       8.0
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     Quarters Ended
March 31,
    Point
Change
 
     2018     2018    

Current accident year loss ratio:

      

Property

      

Catastrophe

     7.5     12.2     (4.7

Non-catastrophe

     49.8     42.8     7.0  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Property loss ratio

     57.3     55.0     2.3  

Casualty loss ratio

     59.9     59.3     0.6  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total accident year loss ratio

     58.6     57.1     1.5  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The current accident year catastrophe loss ratio improved by 4.7 points during the quarter ended March 31, 2018 as compared to the same period in 2017. The loss ratio improvement reflects a lower claims frequency and severity for the first accident quarter compared to last year.

The current accident year non-catastrophe property loss ratio increased by 7.0 points during the quarter ended March 31, 2018 as compared to the same period in 2017. The increase in the loss ratio reflects a higher claims severity in the first accident quarter compared to the same quarter last year.

The calendar year loss ratio for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 includes a decrease of $2.7 million, or 5.7 percentage points, related to reserve development on prior accident years. The calendar year loss ratio for the quarter ended March 31, 2017 includes a decrease of $5.3 million, or 11.7 percentage points related to reserve development on prior accident years. Please see Note 6 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of Part I of this report for further discussion on prior accident year development.

Expense Ratios

The expense ratio for the Company’s Commercial Lines improved by 1.8 points from 42.3% for the quarter ended March 31, 2017 to 40.5% for the quarter ended March 31, 2018. The improvement in the expense ratio is primarily due to an increase in the net earned premiums as discussed above.

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

 

Personal Lines

The components of income and loss from the Company’s Personal Lines segment and corresponding underwriting ratios are as follows:

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Quarters Ended
March 31,
    %
Change
 
     2018 (3)     2017 (3)    

Gross premiums written (1)

   $ 60,165     $ 62,017       (3.0 %) 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums written

   $ 49,255     $ 54,583       (9.8 %) 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums earned

   $ 50,612     $ 58,663       (13.7 %) 

Other income

     503       1,281       (60.7 %) 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     51,115       59,944       (14.7 %) 

Losses and expenses:

      

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses

     27,621       38,715       (28.7 %) 

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses (2)

     22,179       24,534       (9.6 %) 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Underwriting income (loss)

   $ 1,315     $ (3,305     139.8
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     Quarters Ended
March 31,
    Point
Change
 
     2018     2017    

Underwriting Ratios:

      

Loss ratio:

      

Current accident year

     56.7     71.5     (14.8

Prior accident year

     (2.1 %)      (5.5 %)      3.4  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Calendar year loss ratio

     54.6     66.0     (11.4

Expense ratio

     43.8     41.8     2.0  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Combined ratio

     98.4     107.8     (9.4
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) Includes business written by American Reliable that is ceded to insurance companies owned by Assurant under a 100% quota share reinsurance agreement of ($867) and $1,051 during the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
(2) Includes excise tax related to cessions from the Company’s Personal Lines to its Reinsurance Operations of $206 and $293 for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
(3) Includes business ceded to the Company’s Reinsurance Operations.

 

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Reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures and ratios

The table below reconciles the non-GAAP measures or ratios, which excludes the impact of prior accident year adjustments, to its most directly comparable GAAP measure or ratio. The Company believes the non-GAAP measures or ratios are useful to investors when evaluating the Company’s underwriting performance as trends in the Company’s Personal Lines may be obscured by prior accident year adjustments. These non-GAAP measures or ratios should not be considered as a substitute for its most directly comparable GAAP measure or ratio and does not reflect the overall underwriting profitability of the Company.

 

     Quarters Ended March 31,  
     2018     2017  
     Losses $      Loss
Ratio
    Losses $      Loss
Ratio
 

Property

          

Non catastrophe property losses and ratio excluding the effect of prior accident year (1)

   $ 19,786        46.4   $ 24,655        49.1

Effect of prior accident year

     (459      (1.1 %)      (2,683      (5.3 %) 
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Non catastrophe property losses and ratio (2)

   $ 19,327        45.3   $ 21,972        43.8
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Catastrophe losses and ratio excluding the effect of prior accident year (1)

   $ 5,230        12.2   $ 11,552        23.0

Effect of prior accident year

     (486      (1.1 %)      —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Catastrophe losses and ratio (2)

   $ 4,744        11.1   $ 11,552        23.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total property losses and ratio excluding the effect of prior accident year (1)

   $ 25,016        58.6   $ 36,207        72.1

Effect of prior accident year

     (945      (2.2 %)      (2,683      (5.3 %) 
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total property losses and ratio (2)

   $ 24,071        56.4   $ 33,524        66.8
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Casualty

          

Total Casualty losses and ratio excluding the effect of prior accident year (1)

   $ 3,684        46.6   $ 5,716        67.9

Effect of prior accident year

     (134      (1.7 %)      (525      (6.2 %) 
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Casualty losses and ratio (2)

   $ 3,550        44.9   $ 5,191        61.7
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

          

Total net losses and loss adjustment expense and total loss ratio excluding the effect of prior accident year (1)

   $ 28,700        56.7   $ 41,923        71.5

Effect of prior accident year

     (1,079      (2.1 %)      (3,208      (5.5 %) 
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total net losses and loss adjustment expense and total loss ratio (2)

   $ 27,621        54.6   $ 38,715        66.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Non-GAAP measure / ratio
(2) Most directly comparable GAAP measure / ratio

Premiums

See “Result of Operations” above for a discussion on consolidated premiums.

Other Income

Other income was $0.5 million and $1.3 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. In 2018, other income is primarily comprised of fee income. In 2017, other income is primarily comprised of fee income, commission income and accrued interest on the anticipated indemnification of unpaid loss and loss adjustment expense reserves. In accordance with a dispute resolution agreement between Global Indemnity Group, Inc. and American Bankers Group, Inc., any variance paid related to the loss indemnification will be subject to interest of 5% compounded semi-annually. The reduction in other income is primarily due to the Company settling its final reserve calculation with American Bankers Group, Inc. with an effective date of December 31, 2017 resulting in no interest on the loss indemnification being accrued in the first quarter of 2018.

 

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Loss Ratio

The current accident year losses and loss ratio is summarized as follows:

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Quarters Ended
March 31,
    %
Change
 
     2018     2017    

Property losses

      

Catastrophe

   $ 5,230     $ 11,552       (54.7 %) 

Non-catastrophe

     19,786       24,655       (19.7 %) 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Property losses

     25,016       36,207       (30.9 %) 

Casualty losses

     3,684       5,716       (35.5 %) 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total accident year losses

   $ 28,700     $ 41,923       (31.5 %) 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     Quarters Ended
March 31,
    Point
Change
 
     2018     2017    

Current accident year loss ratio:

      

Property

      

Catastrophe

     12.2     23.0     (10.8

Non-catastrophe

     46.4     49.1     (2.7
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Property loss ratio

     58.6     72.1     (13.5

Casualty loss ratio

     46.6     67.9     (21.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total accident year loss ratio

     56.7     71.5     (14.8
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The current accident year catastrophe loss ratio improved by 10.8 points during the quarter ended March 31, 2018 as compared to the same period in 2017 primarily due to lower claims frequency during the first quarter. Much of the loss ratio improvement was experienced in the agriculture reserve category.

The current accident year non-catastrophe property loss ratio improved by 2.7 points during the quarter ended March 31, 2018 as compared to the same period in 2017. The decrease in the loss ratio is driven primarily by a lower claims frequency in the first accident quarter compared to the same accident quarter last year.

The current accident year casualty loss ratio improved by 21.3 points during the quarter ended March 31, 2018 as compared to the same period in 2017. The loss ratio improvement reflects a decrease in claims frequency and severity in the first accident quarter.

The calendar year loss ratio for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 includes a decrease of $1.1 million, or 2.1 percentage points, related to reserve development on prior accident years. The calendar year loss ratio for the quarter ended March 31, 2017 includes a decrease of $3.2 million, or 5.5 percentage points, related to reserve development on prior accident years. Please see Note 6 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of Part I of this report for further discussion on prior accident year development.

Expense Ratios

The expense ratio for the Company’s Personal Lines increased 2.0 points from 41.8% for the quarter ended March 31, 2017 to 43.8% for the quarter ended March 31, 2018. The increase in the expense ratio is primarily due to a reduction in net earned premiums which is the result of a decline in gross premiums written as well as additional premiums being ceded due to the Property Catastrophe Quota Share Treaty that became effective on April 15, 2017.

 

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Reinsurance Operations

The components of income from the Company’s Reinsurance Operations segment and corresponding underwriting ratios are as follows:

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Quarters Ended
March 31,
    %
Change
 
     2018 (1)     2017 (1)    

Gross premiums written

   $ 10,309     $ 15,823       (34.8 %) 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums written

   $ 10,309     $ 15,808       (34.8 %) 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net premiums earned

   $ 10,028     $ 9,471       5.9

Other income

     51       87       (41.4 %) 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     10,079       9,558       5.5

Losses and expenses:

      

Net losses and loss adjustment expenses

     3,422       3,422       0.0

Acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses

     3,619       2,998       20.7
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Underwriting income

   $ 3,038     $ 3,138       (3.2 %) 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     Quarters Ended
March 31,
    Point
Change
 
     2018     2017    

Underwriting Ratios:

      

Loss ratio:

      

Current accident year

     55.5     53.8     1.7  

Prior accident year

     (21.4 %)      (17.6 %)      (3.8
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Calendar year loss ratio

     34.1     36.2     (2.1

Expense ratio

     36.1     31.7     4.4  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Combined ratio

     70.2     67.9     2.3  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) External business only, excluding business assumed from affiliates.

Reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures and ratios

The table below reconciles the non-GAAP measures or ratios, which excludes the impact of prior accident year adjustments, to its most directly comparable GAAP measure or ratio. The Company believes the non-GAAP measures or ratios are useful to investors when evaluating the Company’s underwriting performance as trends in the Company’s Reinsurance Operations may be obscured by prior accident year adjustments. These non-GAAP measures or ratios should not be considered as a substitute for its most directly comparable GAAP measure or ratio and does not reflect the overall underwriting profitability of the Company.

 

     Quarters Ended
March 31,
 
     2018     2017  

Loss ratio excluding the effect of prior accident year (1)

     55.5     53.8

Effect of prior accident year

     (21.4 %)      (17.6 %) 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loss ratio (2)

     34.1     36.2
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) Non-GAAP measure / ratio
(2) Most directly comparable GAAP measure / ratio

Premiums

See “Result of Operations” above for a discussion on premiums.

 

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Other Income

The Company recognized income of $0.1 million in each of the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017. Other income is comprised of foreign exchange gains and losses.

Loss Ratio

The current accident year loss ratio increased by 1.7 points during the quarter ended March 31, 2018 as compared to the same period in 2017. This increase was mainly attributable to higher loss ratios in the property contracts excluding catastrophes.

The calendar year loss ratio for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 includes a decrease of $2.1 million, or 21.4 percentage points, related to reserve development on prior accident years. The calendar year loss ratio for the quarter ended March 31, 2017 includes a decrease of $1.7 million, or 17.6 percentage points, related to reserve development on prior accident years. Please see Note 6 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of Part I of this report for further discussion on prior accident year development.

Expense Ratio

The expense ratio for the Company’s Reinsurance Operations increased by 4.4 points from 31.7% for the quarter ended March 31, 2017 to 36.1% for the quarter ended March 31, 2018. This was primarily due to the expense ratio for 2017 being lower than otherwise would have been due to receiving a federal excise tax refund related to prior years of $0.4 million.

Unallocated Corporate Items

The Company’s investments are managed distinctly according to assets supporting future insurance obligations and assets in excess of those supporting future insurance obligations. Assets supporting insurance obligations are referred to as the Insurance Obligations Portfolio. The Insurance Obligations Portfolio consists of cash and high-quality fixed income investments. Assets in excess of insurance obligations are referred to as the Surplus Portfolio. The Surplus Portfolio targets higher returns and is comprised of cash, fixed income, common stocks, and alternative investments.

The Insurance Obligations Portfolio has a market value of $809.5 million and the fixed income securities within have a credit quality of AA- and duration of 3.1 years. The Surplus Reserve Portfolio has a market value of $732.4 million and the fixed income securities within have a credit quality of A- and duration of 3.5 years.

The Insurance Obligations Portfolio returned (2.8%) for the three months ended March 31, 2018 with net investment income of $4.8 million, offset by realized losses of $0.1 million and unrealized losses of $10.2 million. The Surplus Portfolio returned (2.9%) for the three months ended March 31, 2018 with net investment income of $6.6 million, offset by realized losses of $4.4 million and unrealized losses of $7.4 million.

Net Investment Income

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Quarters Ended
March 31,
     %
Change
 
     2018      2017     

Gross investment income (1)

   $ 12,114      $ 9,444        28.3

Investment expenses

     (710      (800      (11.3 %) 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net investment income

   $ 11,404      $ 8,644        31.9
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Excludes realized gains and losses

Gross investment income increased by 28.3% for the quarter ended March 31, 2018, as compared with the quarter ended March 31, 2017. The increase was primarily due to an increase in yield within the fixed maturities portfolio due to extending duration in 2017.

Investment expenses decreased by 11.3% for the quarter ended March 31, 2018, as compared with the quarter ended March 31, 2017. The decrease is primarily due to reduced fees related to the custody of the Company’s investment portfolio during 2018.

 

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At March 31, 2018, the Company held agency mortgage-backed securities with a market value of $77.9 million. Excluding the agency mortgage-backed securities, the average duration of the Company’s fixed maturities portfolio was 3.2 years as of March 31, 2018, compared with 2.2 years as of March 31, 2017. Including cash and short-term investments, the average duration of the Company’s fixed maturities portfolio, excluding agency mortgage-backed securities, was 3.0 years as of March 31, 2018, compared with 2.0 years as of March 31, 2017. Changes in interest rates can cause principal payments on certain investments to extend or shorten which can impact duration. At March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017, the Company’s embedded book yield on its fixed maturities, not including cash, was 2.8%, compared with 2.2% at March 31, 2017. The embedded book yield on the $95.4 million of municipal bonds in the Company’s portfolio, which includes $94.3 million of taxable municipal bonds, was 3.1 % at March 31, 2018, compared to an embedded book yield of 2.8% on the Company’s municipal bond portfolio of $165.6 million at March 31, 2017.

Net Realized Investment Gains (Losses)

The components of net realized investment gains (losses) for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 were as follows:

 

(Dollars in thousands)    Quarters Ended
March 31,
 
     2018      2017  

Common stock

   $ (4,374    $ 575  

Fixed maturities

     (93      137  

Interest rate swap

     4,151        173  

Other than temporary impairment losses

     —          (110
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net realized investment gains (losses)

   $ (316    $ 775  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

See Note 2 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of Part I of this report for an analysis of total investment return on a pre-tax basis for the quarters ended March 31, 2017 and 2016.

Corporate and Other Operating Expenses

Corporate and other operating expenses consist of outside legal fees, other professional fees, directors’ fees, management fees & advisory fees, salaries and benefits for holding company personnel, development costs for new products, and taxes incurred which are not directly related to operations. Corporate and other operating expenses were $9.3 million and $3.1 during the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The increase is primarily due to incurring a $6.3 million advisory fee related to the co-obligor transaction. For additional information on the co-obligor transaction, see Note 14 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of Part I of this report.

Interest Expense

Interest expense increased 97.0% during the quarter ended March 31, 2018 as compared to the same period in 2017. This increase is primarily due to the Company’s $130 million debt offering in March, 2017.

Income Tax Benefit

The income tax benefit was $1.3 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 compared with income tax benefit of $3.0 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2017. The decrease in the income tax benefit is primarily due to the change in the U.S. statutory tax rate from 35% to 21% effective January 1, 2018 and the Base Erosion Anti-Abuse Tax that became effective upon the passage of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.

See Note 5 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of Part I of this report for a comparison of income tax between periods.

Net Income (Loss)

The factors described above resulted in a net income of $5.7 million and $12.3 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

Sources and Uses of Funds

Global Indemnity is a holding company. Its principal asset is its ownership of the shares of its direct and indirect subsidiaries, including those of its U.S. insurance companies: United National Insurance Company, Diamond State Insurance Company, Penn-America Insurance Company, Penn-Star Insurance Company, Penn-Patriot Insurance Company, and American Reliable Insurance Company; and its Reinsurance Operations: Global Indemnity Reinsurance.

Global Indemnity’s short term and long term liquidity needs include the payment of corporate expenses, debt service payments, dividend payments to shareholders, and share repurchases. In order to meet their short term and long term needs, the Company’s principal sources of cash includes dividends from subsidiaries, other permitted disbursements from its direct and indirect subsidiaries, reimbursement for equity awards granted to employees and intercompany borrowings. The principal sources of funds at these direct and indirect subsidiaries include underwriting operations, investment income, and proceeds from sales and redemptions of investments. Funds are used principally by these operating subsidiaries to pay claims and operating expenses, to make debt payments, fund margin requirements on interest rate swap agreements, to purchase investments, and to make dividend payments. In addition, the Company periodically reviews opportunities related to business acquisitions and as a result, liquidity may be needed in the future.

As of March 31, 2018, the Company also had future funding commitments of $48.7 million related to investments. The timing of commitments related to investments is uncertain.

The future liquidity of Global Indemnity is dependent on the ability of its subsidiaries to pay dividends. Global Indemnity’s U.S. insurance companies are restricted by statute as to the amount of dividends that they may pay without the prior approval of regulatory authorities. The dividend limitations imposed by state laws are based on the statutory financial results of each insurance company within the Insurance Operations that are determined by using statutory accounting practices that differ in various respects from accounting principles used in financial statements prepared in conformity with GAAP. See “Regulation – Statutory Accounting Principles” in Item 1 of Part I of the Company’s 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Key differences relate to, among other items, deferred acquisition costs, limitations on deferred income taxes, reserve calculation assumptions and surplus notes. See Note 19 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8 of Part II of the Company’s 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information on dividend limitations related to the U.S. Insurance Companies. The U.S. Insurance Companies did not declare or pay any dividends during the quarter ended March 31, 2018.

For 2018, the Company believes that Global Indemnity Reinsurance, including distributions it could receive from its subsidiaries, should have sufficient liquidity and solvency to pay dividends. Global Indemnity Reinsurance is prohibited, without the approval of the Bermuda Monetary Authority (“BMA”), from reducing by 15% or more its total statutory capital as set out in its previous year’s statutory financial statements, and any application for such approval must include such information as the BMA may require. See “Regulation – Bermuda Insurance Regulation” in Item 1 of Part I of the Company’s 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K. During the quarter ended March 31, 2018, Global Indemnity Reinsurance paid a $20.0 million dividend, which was previously declared in 2017, to its parent company, Global Indemnity Limited.

Cash Flows

Sources of operating funds consist primarily of net premiums written and investment income. Funds are used primarily to pay claims and operating expenses and to purchase investments.

The Company’s reconciliation of net income to cash used for operations is generally influenced by the following:

 

    the fact that the Company collects premiums, net of commissions, in advance of losses paid;

 

    the timing of the Company’s settlements with its reinsurers; and

 

    the timing of the Company’s loss payments.

 

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GLOBAL INDEMNITY LIMITED

 

Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities was $41.2 million and ($15.3) million for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The increase in operating cash flows of approximately $56.5 million from the prior year was primarily a net result of the following items:

 

     Quarters Ended
March 31,
        
(Dollars in thousands)    2018      2017      Change  

Net premiums collected

   $ 112,573      $ 97,499      $ 15,074  

Net losses paid

     (68,198      (54,173      (14,025

Underwriting and corporate expenses

     (61,633      (64,664      3,031  

Recovery on loss indemnification (1)

     45,045        —          45,045  

Net investment income

     18,803        8,340        10,463  

Net federal income taxes paid

     (570      (96      (474

Interest paid

     (4,793      (2,200      (2,593
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities (1)

   $ 41,227      $ (15,294    $ 56,521  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Excludes a $3.5 million payment related to a purchase price adjustment for American Reliable. This payment is included in the net cash used in investing activities on the Company’s Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows. The recovery on loss indemnification, net of the purchase price adjustment, is $41.5 million. For additional information on the loss indemnification, please see Note 6 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of Part I of this report.

See the consolidated statement of cash flows in the consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of Part I of this report for details concerning the Company’s investing and financing activities.

Liquidity

On March 4, 2018, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a dividend payment of $0.25 per ordinary share to all shareholders of record on the close of business on March 21, 2018. On March 29, 2018, dividends totaling $3.5 million were paid to shareholders. Accrued dividends on unvested shares were $0.05 million as of March 31, 2018.

On March 8, 2018, the Company settled its final reserve calculation which resulted in the recovery of $41.5 million in accordance with the Stock Purchase Agreement between Global Indemnity Group, Inc. and American Bankers Insurance Group, Inc. for the purchase of American Reliable.

Other than the items discussed in the preceding paragraphs, there have been no material changes to the Company’s liquidity during the quarter ended March 31, 2018. Please see Item 7 of Part II in the Company’s 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K for information regarding the Company’s liquidity.

Capital Resources

On April 25, 2018 the Company and Global Indemnity Group, Inc., an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, entered into an agreement pursuant to which Global Indemnity Group, Inc. agre