aveo-10q_20160630.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

x

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2016

OR

o

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     .

Commission file number 001-34655

 

AVEO PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

 

Delaware

04-3581650

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

One Broadway, 14th Floor, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142

(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)

(617) 588-1960

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer

¨

Accelerated filer

x

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company

¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

Number of shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, $0.001 par value, outstanding on July 29, 2016: 75,859,613

 

 

 

 


AVEO PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

FORM 10-Q

FOR THE QUARTER ENDED JUNE 30, 2016

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

   

 

Page

No.

 

 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2016 and 2015

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2016 and 2015  

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2016 and 2015

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

29

 

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

45

 

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

 

45

 

 

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

47

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

47

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

 

48

 

 

 

 

 

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

 

75

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Signatures

 

76

 

 

 

 

2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements.

AVEO PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands, except par value amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

June 30,

2016

 

 

December 31,

2015

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

25,331

 

 

$

26,634

 

Marketable securities

 

 

14,200

 

 

 

7,501

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

1,302

 

 

 

4,641

 

Other prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

1,421

 

 

 

1,600

 

Total current assets

 

 

42,254

 

 

 

40,376

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

22

 

 

 

23

 

Other assets

 

 

410

 

 

 

143

 

Total assets

 

$

42,686

 

 

$

40,542

 

Liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

2,079

 

 

$

1,425

 

Accrued contract research

 

 

2,772

 

 

 

1,966

 

Other accrued liabilities

 

 

1,453

 

 

 

2,140

 

Loans payable, net of discount

 

 

 

 

 

2,053

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

660

 

 

 

814

 

Settlement liability (Note 11)

 

 

 

 

 

4,000

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

6,964

 

 

 

12,398

 

Loans payable, net of current portion and discount

 

 

13,735

 

 

 

7,418

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

2,666

 

 

 

2,881

 

Warrant liability (Note 7)

 

 

10,340

 

 

 

 

Other liabilities

 

 

690

 

 

 

618

 

Total liabilities

 

 

34,395

 

 

 

23,315

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $.001 par value: 5,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and

   Outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $.001 par value: 200,000 shares authorized; 75,860 and 58,182 shares

   issued and outstanding at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively

 

 

76

 

 

 

58

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

519,550

 

 

 

512,201

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

10

 

 

 

(3

)

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(511,345

)

 

 

(495,029

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

8,291

 

 

 

17,227

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

42,686

 

 

$

40,542

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited, condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 

3


AVEO PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

Collaboration and licensing revenue

 

$

193

 

 

$

134

 

 

$

1,396

 

 

$

268

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

5,604

 

 

 

1,841

 

 

 

11,576

 

 

 

4,536

 

General and administrative

 

 

1,731

 

 

 

2,889

 

 

 

4,203

 

 

 

6,144

 

Restructuring and lease exit

 

 

 

 

 

25

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,358

 

 

 

 

7,335

 

 

 

4,755

 

 

 

15,779

 

 

 

15,038

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(7,142

)

 

 

(4,621

)

 

 

(14,383

)

 

 

(14,770

)

Other expense, net:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense, net

 

 

(468

)

 

 

(626

)

 

 

(837

)

 

 

(1,337

)

Change in fair value of warrant liability

 

 

(996

)

 

 

 

 

 

(996

)

 

 

 

Other expense

 

 

 

 

 

(209

)

 

 

 

 

 

(223

)

Other expense, net

 

 

(1,464

)

 

 

(835

)

 

 

(1,833

)

 

 

(1,560

)

Loss before provision for income taxes

 

 

(8,606

)

 

 

(5,456

)

 

 

(16,216

)

 

 

(16,330

)

Provision for income taxes

 

 

 

 

 

 

(100

)

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(8,606

)

 

$

(5,456

)

 

$

(16,316

)

 

$

(16,330

)

Net loss per share ─ basic and diluted

 

$

(0.13

)

 

$

(0.10

)

 

$

(0.26

)

 

$

(0.30

)

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding

 

 

66,917

 

 

 

55,164

 

 

 

62,566

 

 

 

53,908

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited, condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 

4


AVEO PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

Net loss

 

$

(8,606

)

 

$

(5,456

)

 

$

(16,316

)

 

$

(16,330

)

Other comprehensive income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale securities

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

13

 

 

 

Comprehensive loss

 

$

(8,598

)

 

$

(5,456

)

 

$

(16,303

)

 

$

(16,330

)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited, condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 

5


AVEO PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

Operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(16,316

)

 

$

(16,330

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impairment of property and equipment

 

 

 

 

 

232

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

7

 

 

 

9,464

 

Accretion

 

 

 

 

 

224

 

Loss on disposal of fixed assets

 

 

 

 

 

245

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

624

 

 

 

838

 

Non-cash interest expense

 

 

196

 

 

 

244

 

Non-cash change in fair value warrant liability

 

 

996

 

 

 

 

Amortization of premium and discount on investments

 

 

13

 

 

 

33

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Restricted cash

 

 

 

 

 

135

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

3,339

 

 

 

21

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

179

 

 

 

56

 

Other noncurrent assets

 

 

(267

)

 

 

51

 

Accounts payable

 

 

656

 

 

 

(1,678

)

Accrued contract research

 

 

806

 

 

 

(4,184

)

Other accrued liabilities

 

 

(695

)

 

 

(559

)

Settlement liability

 

 

(4,000

)

 

 

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

(369

)

 

 

(153

)

Lease exit obligation

 

 

 

 

 

(5,205

)

Deferred rent

 

 

 

 

 

(10,569

)

Other liabilities

 

 

(78

)

 

 

(115

)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(14,909

)

 

 

(27,250

)

Investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of marketable securities

 

 

(19,949

)

 

 

(8,808

)

Proceeds from maturities and sales of marketable securities

 

 

13,250

 

 

 

8,775

 

Proceeds from sale of property and equipment

 

 

 

 

 

1,221

 

Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities

 

 

(6,699

)

 

 

1,188

 

Financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of common stock and warrants, net of issuance costs

 

 

14,862

 

 

 

5,840

 

Proceeds from issuance of common stock and warrants to related parties

 

 

525

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of loan payable and warrants

 

 

5,000

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from exercise of stock options and issuance of common and restricted stock

 

 

33

 

 

 

275

 

Debt issuance costs

 

 

(115

)

 

 

 

Principal payments on loans payable

 

 

 

 

 

(5,593

)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

20,305

 

 

 

522

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(1,303

)

 

 

(25,540

)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

 

26,634

 

 

 

52,306

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

25,331

 

 

$

26,766

 

Supplemental cash flow information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$

631

 

 

$

1,162

 

Non-cash financing activity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fair value of warrants issued in connection with long term debt

 

$

667

 

 

$

 

Fair value of warrants issued in connection with private placement

 

$

9,344

 

 

$

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited, condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 

6


AVEO Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

(1) Organization

AVEO Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (the “Company”) is a biopharmaceutical company dedicated to advancing a broad portfolio of targeted therapeutics for oncology and other areas of unmet medical need. The Company’s proprietary platform has delivered unique insights into cancer and related disease. The Company’s strategy is to leverage these biomarker insights and partner resources to advance the development of its clinical pipeline.  

The Company’s pipeline of product candidates includes tivozanib, a potent, selective, long half-life vascular endothelial growth factor tyrosine kinase inhibitor of all three vascular endothelial growth factors. In June 2013, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued a complete response letter denying the Company’s application for approval of the use of tivozanib in first-line treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma (“RCC”), citing concerns regarding the negative trend in overall survival in the Company’s pivotal phase 3 trial. In May 2016, the Company initiated enrollment and treatment of patients in a new phase 3 trial of tivozanib in the third-line treatment of patients with refractory RCC in order to address the overall survival concerns presented in the June 2013 complete response letter from the FDA and to support a request for regulatory approval of tivozanib in the United States as a third-line treatment and as a first-line treatment. The Company is also planning a phase 1/2 trial of tivozanib in combination with an immune checkpoint (PD-1) inhibitor for the treatment of RCC. In February 2016, a strategic partner submitted a Marketing Authorization Application for tivozanib with the European Medicines Agency (“EMA”) for the treatment of RCC. The application was validated in March 2016, confirming that the submission was complete and that the EMA would initiate its review process.  The Company’s partner received the Day 120 List of Questions from the EMA on July 21, 2016.

The Company also has a pipeline of monoclonal antibodies, including:

 

(i)

Ficlatuzumab, a potent anti-HFG antibody that inhibits the activity of the HGF/c-Met pathway and for which the Company has completed a phase 2 clinical trial and has entered into a partnership with Biodesix, Inc. (“Biodesix”) to advance clinical development;

 

(ii)

AV-203, a potent, high affinity inhibitor of ErbB3 function that has demonstrated anti-tumor activity in multiple preclinical models and for which the Company has completed a phase 1 dose escalation trial and has entered into a partnership with CANbridge Life Sciences Ltd. (“CANbridge”) to advance clinical and manufacturing development;

 

(iii)

AV-380, a potent humanized IgG1 inhibitory monoclonal antibody targeting growth differentiating factor-15, or GDF15, a divergent member of the TGF-ß family, for the potential treatment or prevention of cachexia, which the Company has licensed to Novartis International Pharmaceutical Ltd. (“Novartis”); and  

 

(iv)

AV-353, a potent inhibitory antibody specific to Notch 3, which has demonstrated an ability in preclinical models to potentially reverse disease phenotype for pulmonary arterial hypertension (“PAH”), and for which the Company is currently seeking a partner to advance development in PAH.

As used throughout these condensed consolidated financial statements, the terms “AVEO,” and the “Company” refer to the business of AVEO Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and its two wholly-owned subsidiaries, AVEO Pharma Limited and AVEO Securities Corporation.  

The Company has devoted substantially all of its resources to its drug development efforts, comprising research and development, manufacturing, conducting clinical trials for its product candidates, protecting its intellectual property and general and administrative functions relating to these operations.

The Company has an accumulated deficit as of June 30, 2016 of approximately $511.3 million and is subject to a number of risks, including the need for substantial additional capital for clinical research and product development and the requirement to maintain compliance with its financial covenant pursuant to its loan and security agreement (refer to Note 6). The Company will need additional funding to support its planned operating activities, and the timing and nature of activities contemplated for 2016 and thereafter will be conducted subject to the availability of sufficient financial resources.

 

 

(2) Basis of Presentation

These condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, AVEO Pharma Limited and AVEO Securities Corporation. The Company has eliminated all significant intercompany accounts and transactions in consolidation.

 

7


The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals and revisions of estimates, considered necessary for a fair presentation of the condensed consolidated financial statements have been included. Interim results for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2016 or any other future period.

The information presented in the condensed consolidated financial statements and related footnotes at June 30, 2016, and for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, is unaudited, and the condensed consolidated balance sheet amounts and related footnotes as of December 31, 2015 have been derived from the Company’s audited financial statements. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and accompanying footnotes included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015, which was filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 15, 2016.

Certain reclassifications have been made to prior periods to conform to current period presentation. Reclassification of prior year amounts has been made to separately present accrued contract research from accrued expenses on the consolidated balance sheets and to present interest expense net of interest income on the consolidated statements of operations. There was no impact on total liabilities, total other expenses or net income (loss) resulting from these reclassifications.

 

 

(3) Significant Accounting Policies

Revenue Recognition

The Company’s revenues are generated primarily through collaborative research, development and commercialization agreements. The terms of these agreements generally contain multiple elements, or deliverables, which may include (i) licenses, or options to obtain licenses, to the Company’s technology, (ii) research and development activities to be performed on behalf of the collaborative partner, and (iii) in certain cases, services in connection with the manufacturing of pre-clinical and clinical material. Payments to the Company under these arrangements typically include one or more of the following: non-refundable, up-front license fees; option exercise fees; funding of research and/or development efforts; milestone payments; and royalties on future product sales.

When evaluating multiple element arrangements, the Company considers whether the deliverables under the arrangement represent separate units of accounting. This evaluation requires subjective determinations and requires management to make judgments about the individual deliverables and whether such deliverables are separable from the other aspects of the contractual relationship. In determining the units of accounting, management evaluates certain criteria, including whether the deliverables have standalone value, based on the relevant facts and circumstances for each arrangement. The consideration received is allocated among the separate units of accounting using the relative selling price method, and the applicable revenue recognition criteria are applied to each of the separate units.

The Company determines the estimated selling price for deliverables within each agreement using vendor-specific objective evidence (“VSOE”) of selling price, if available, third-party evidence (“TPE”) of selling price if VSOE is not available, or best estimate of selling price if neither VSOE nor TPE is available. Determining the best estimate of selling price for a deliverable requires significant judgment. The Company typically uses best estimate of selling price to estimate the selling price for licenses to the Company’s proprietary technology, since the Company often does not have VSOE or TPE of selling price for these deliverables. In those circumstances where the Company utilizes best estimate of selling price to determine the estimated selling price of a license to the Company’s proprietary technology, the Company considers market conditions as well as entity-specific factors, including those factors contemplated in negotiating the agreements and internally developed models that include assumptions related to the market opportunity, estimated development costs, probability of success and the time needed to commercialize a product candidate pursuant to the license. In validating the Company’s best estimate of selling price, the Company evaluates whether changes in the key assumptions used to determine the best estimate of selling price will have a significant effect on the allocation of arrangement consideration among multiple deliverables.

The Company typically receives non-refundable, up-front payments when licensing its intellectual property in conjunction with a research and development agreement. When management believes the license to its intellectual property does not have stand-alone value from the other deliverables to be provided in the arrangement, the Company generally recognizes revenue attributed to the license on a straight-line basis over the Company’s contractual or estimated performance period, which is typically the term of the Company’s research and development obligations. If management cannot reasonably estimate when the Company’s performance obligation ends, then revenue is deferred until management can reasonably estimate when the performance obligation ends. When management believes the license to its intellectual property has stand-alone value, the Company generally recognizes revenue attributed to the license upon delivery. The periods over which revenue should be recognized are subject to estimates by management

 

8


and may change over the course of the research and development agreement. Such a change could have a material impact on the amount of revenue the Company records in future periods.

Payments or reimbursements resulting from the Company’s research and development efforts for those arrangements where such efforts are considered as deliverables are recognized as the services are performed and are presented on a gross basis so long as there is persuasive evidence of an arrangement, the fee is fixed or determinable, and collection of the related receivable is reasonably assured. Amounts received prior to satisfying the above revenue recognition criteria are recorded as deferred revenue in the accompanying balance sheets.

At the inception of each agreement that includes milestone payments, the Company evaluates whether each milestone is substantive and at risk to both parties on the basis of the contingent nature of the milestone. This evaluation includes an assessment of whether (a) the consideration is commensurate with either (1) the entity’s performance to achieve the milestone, or (2) the enhancement of the value of the delivered item(s) as a result of a specific outcome resulting from the entity’s performance to achieve the milestone, (b) the consideration relates solely to past performance, and (c) the consideration is reasonable relative to all of the deliverables and payment terms within the arrangement. The Company evaluates factors such as the scientific, regulatory, commercial and other risks that must be overcome to achieve the respective milestone, the level of effort and investment required to achieve the respective milestone and whether the milestone consideration is reasonable relative to all deliverables and payment terms in the arrangement in making this assessment.

The Company aggregates its milestones into four categories: (i) clinical and development milestones, (ii) regulatory milestones, (iii) commercial milestones, and (iv) patent-related milestones. Clinical and development milestones are typically achieved when a product candidate advances into a defined phase of clinical research or completes such phase. For example, a milestone payment may be due to the Company upon the initiation of a phase 3 clinical trial for a new indication, which is the last phase of clinical development and could eventually contribute to marketing approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) or other global regulatory authorities. Regulatory milestones are typically achieved upon acceptance of the submission for marketing approval of a product candidate or upon approval to market the product candidate by the FDA or other global regulatory authorities. For example, a milestone payment may be due to the Company upon the FDA’s acceptance of a New Drug Application (“NDA”). Commercial milestones are typically achieved when an approved pharmaceutical product reaches certain defined levels of net sales by the licensee, such as when a product first achieves global sales or annual sales of a specified amount. Patent-related milestones are typically achieved when a patent application is filed or a patent is issued with respect to certain intellectual property related to the applicable collaboration.

Revenues from clinical and development, regulatory, and patent-related milestone payments, if the milestones are deemed substantive and the milestone payments are nonrefundable, are recognized upon successful accomplishment of the milestones. The Company has concluded that the clinical and development, regulatory and patent-related milestones pursuant to its current research and development arrangements are substantive. Milestones that are not considered substantive are accounted for as license payments and recognized on a straight-line basis over the remaining period of performance. Revenues from commercial milestone payments are accounted for as royalties and are recorded as revenue upon achievement of the milestone, assuming all other revenue recognition criteria are met.

Research and Development Expenses

Research and development expenses are charged to expense as incurred. Research and development expenses consist of costs incurred in performing research and development activities, including personnel-related costs such as salaries and stock-based compensation, facilities, research-related overhead, clinical trial costs, manufacturing costs and costs of other contracted services, license fees, and other external costs. Nonrefundable advance payments for goods and services that will be used in future research and development activities are expensed when the activity has been performed or when the goods have been received.

 

Warrants Issued in Connection with Private Placement

 

The Company accounts for warrant instruments that either conditionally or unconditionally obligate the issuer to transfer assets as liabilities regardless of the timing of the redemption feature or price, even though the underlying shares may be classified as permanent or temporary equity. These warrants are subject to revaluation at each balance sheet date, and any changes in fair value are recorded as a non-cash component of other expense, until the earlier of their exercise or expiration or upon the completion of a liquidation event. 

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2016, as a result of the fair value adjustment of the warrant liability, the Company recorded a non-cash loss on the increase in the fair value of approximately $1.0 million, in its Statements of Operations and

 

9


Comprehensive Income (Loss). Refer to Note 7, “Common Stock - Private Placement” for further discussion on the calculation of the fair value of the warrant liability.

  

The following table rolls forward the fair value of the Company’s warrant liability, the fair value of which is determined by Level 3 inputs for the six months ended June 30, 2016 (in thousands):

 

 

 

Six Months Ended

June 30, 2016

 

Fair value, beginning of period

 

$

 

Issuance of warrants

 

 

9,344

 

Exercise of warrants

 

 

 

Non-cash loss (gain) from change in fair value

 

 

996

 

Fair value, end of period

 

$

10,340

 

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less at the date of purchase and an investment in a money market fund to be cash equivalents. Changes in the balance of cash and cash equivalents may be affected by changes in investment portfolio maturities, as well as actual cash disbursements to fund operations.

The Company’s cash is deposited in highly-rated financial institutions in the United States. The Company invests in money market funds and high-grade, short-term commercial paper, corporate bonds and U.S. government agency securities, which management believes are subject to minimal credit and market risk. The carrying values of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents approximate fair value due to their short term maturities.

Marketable Securities

Marketable securities consist primarily of investments which have expected average maturity dates in excess of three months, but not longer than 24 months. The Company invests in high-grade corporate obligations, including commercial paper, and U. S. government and government agency obligations that are classified as available-for-sale. Since these securities are available to fund current operations they are classified as current assets on the consolidated balance sheets.

 

Marketable securities are stated at fair value, including accrued interest, with their unrealized gains and losses included as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income or loss, which is a separate component of stockholders’ equity. The fair value of these securities is based on quoted prices and observable inputs on a recurring basis. The cost of marketable securities is adjusted for amortization of premiums and accretion of discounts to maturity, with such amortization and accretion recorded as a component of interest expense, net. Realized gains and losses are determined on the specific identification method. Unrealized gains and losses are included in other comprehensive loss until realized, at which point they would be recorded as a component of interest expense, net. There were no realized gains or losses recognized on the sale or maturity of marketable securities during the three months and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015.

 

10


Below is a summary of cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015:

 

 

 

Amortized

Cost

 

 

Unrealized

Gains

 

 

Unrealized

Losses

 

 

Fair

Value

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

June 30, 2016:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and money market funds

 

$

15,331

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

15,331

 

Government agency securities

 

 

505

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

505

 

Corporate debt securities

 

 

9,495

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,495

 

Total cash and cash equivalents

 

 

25,331

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25,331

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marketable securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt securities due within 1 year

 

 

9,834

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,836

 

Government agency securities due within 1 year

 

 

4,356

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,364

 

Total marketable securities

 

 

14,190

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

14,200

 

Total cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities

 

$

39,521

 

 

$

10

 

 

$

 

 

$

39,531

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2015:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and money market funds

 

$

21,822

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

21,822

 

Corporate debt securities

 

 

4,812

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,812

 

Total cash and cash equivalents

 

 

26,634

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

26,634

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marketable securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt securities due within 1 year

 

$

6,504

 

 

$

 

 

$

(3

)

 

$

6,501

 

Government agency securities due within 1 year

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,000

 

Total marketable securities

 

 

7,504

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3

)

 

 

7,501

 

Total cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities

 

$

34,138

 

 

$

 

 

$

(3

)

 

$

34,135

 

 

 

 

 

Concentrations of Credit Risk

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to credit risk primarily consist of cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities and accounts receivable. The Company maintains deposits in highly-rated federally-insured financial institutions in excess of federally insured limits. The Company’s investment strategy is focused on capital preservation. The Company invests in instruments that meet the high credit quality standards outlined in the Company’s investment policy. This policy also limits the amount of credit exposure to any one issue or type of instrument.

The Company’s accounts receivable primarily consists of amounts due to the Company from licensees and collaborators. As of June 30, 2016, the Company had $1.3 million of accounts receivable outstanding, primarily due from Biodesix pursuant to the Company’s collaboration arrangement for AV-299 of which approximately $0.8 million was received in July 2016 (refer to Note 4). The Company has not experienced any material losses related to accounts receivable from individual licensees or collaborators.

 

Fair Value Measurements

 

The fair value of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities reflects the Company’s estimate of amounts that it would have received in connection with the sale of the assets or paid in connection with the transfer of the liabilities in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. In connection with measuring the fair value of its assets and liabilities, the Company seeks to maximize the use of observable inputs (market data obtained from sources independent from the Company) and to minimize the use of unobservable inputs (the Company’s assumptions about how market participants would price assets and liabilities). The following fair value hierarchy is used to classify assets and liabilities based on the observable inputs and unobservable inputs used in order to value the assets and liabilities:

 

 

11


Level 1:

Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. An active market for an asset or liability is a market in which transactions for the asset or liability occur with sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis.

Level 2:

Observable inputs other than Level 1 inputs. Examples of Level 2 inputs include quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities and quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in markets that are not active.

Level 3:

Unobservable inputs based on the Company’s assessment of the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.

 

 

Financial assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety within the fair value hierarchy based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company measures the fair value of its marketable securities by taking into consideration valuations obtained from third-party pricing sources. The pricing services utilize industry standard valuation models, including both income and market based approaches, for which all significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly, to estimate fair value. These inputs include reported trades of and broker-dealer quotes on the same or similar securities, issuer credit spreads, benchmark securities and other observable inputs.

 

As of June 30, 2016, the Company’s financial assets valued based on Level 1 inputs consisted of cash and cash equivalents in a money market fund and its financial assets valued based on Level 2 inputs consisted of high-grade corporate bonds, commercial paper and U.S. government agency securities. During the three months and six months ended June 30, 2016, the Company did not have any transfers of financial assets between Levels 1 and 2.

 

  As of June 30, 2016, the Company’s financial liabilities that were recorded at fair value consisted of a warrant liability.

 

 

The fair value of the Company’s loans payable at June 30, 2016 approximates its carrying value, computed pursuant to a discounted cash flow technique using a market interest rate and is considered a Level 3 fair value measurement. The effective interest rate, which reflects the current market rate, considers the fair value of the warrants issued in connection with the loan, loan issuance costs and the deferred financing charge.

The following table summarizes the assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015:

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements of Cash Equivalents and

Marketable Securities as of June 30, 2016

 

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Financial assets carried at fair value:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash equivalents

 

$

15,331

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

15,331

 

Corporate debt securities

 

 

 

 

 

9,495

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,495

 

Government agency securities

 

 

 

 

 

505

 

 

 

 

 

 

505

 

Total cash and cash equivalents

 

$

15,331

 

 

$

10,000

 

 

$

 

 

$

25,331

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marketable securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt securities due within 1 year

 

$

 

 

$

9,836

 

 

$

 

 

$

9,836

 

Government agency securities due within 1 year

 

 

 

 

 

4,364

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,364

 

Total marketable securities

 

$

 

 

$

14,200

 

 

$

 

 

$

14,200

 

Tota cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities

 

$

15,331

 

 

$

24,200

 

 

$

 

 

$

39,531

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial liabilities carried at fair value:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Warrant liability

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

10,340

 

 

$

10,340

 

Total warrant liability

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

10,340

 

 

$

10,340

 

 

 

12


 

 

Fair Value Measurements of Cash Equivalents and

Marketable Securities as of December 31, 2015

 

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Financial assets carried at fair value:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash equivalents

 

$

21,822

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

21,822

 

Corporate debt securities

 

 

 

 

 

4,812

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,812

 

Total cash and cash equivalents

 

$

21,822

 

 

$

4,812

 

 

$

 

 

$

26,634

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marketable securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt securities due within 1 year

 

$

 

 

$

6,501

 

 

$

 

 

$

6,501

 

Government agency securities due within 1 year

 

 

 

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,000

 

Total marketable securities

 

$

 

 

$

7,501

 

 

$

 

 

$

7,501

 

Tota cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities

 

$

21,822

 

 

$

12,313

 

 

$

 

 

$

34,135

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial liabilities carried at fair value:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Warrant liability

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are stated at cost and are depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the respective assets. Maintenance and repair costs are charged to expense as incurred. During the quarter ended June 30, 2015, the Company transitioned to new office space and, as a result, revised the estimated useful life of its office furniture, resulting in an increase in depreciation expense of approximately $0.4 million during the three months and six months ended June 30, 2015, respectively.

Long-lived Assets

The Company reviews long-lived assets, including property and equipment, for impairment whenever changes in business circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the asset may not be fully recoverable. No impairment charges were recognized during the three months and six months ended June 30, 2016. The Company recognized $0.2 million of impairment from losses for the six months ended June 30, 2015 related to leasehold improvements.

Basic and Diluted Loss per Common Share

Basic loss per share is computed by dividing net loss available to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted loss per share is computed by dividing net loss available to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common shares and dilutive common share equivalents then outstanding which excludes unvested restricted stock. Potential common share equivalents consist of the incremental common shares issuable upon the exercise of stock options and warrants. Since the Company had a net loss for all periods presented, the effect of all potentially dilutive securities is anti-dilutive. Accordingly, basic and diluted net loss per common share is the same.

The following table sets forth the potential common shares excluded from the calculation of net loss per common share-diluted for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive:

 

 

 

Outstanding at

June 30,

 

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Options outstanding

 

 

5,828

 

 

 

6,420

 

Warrants outstanding

 

 

19,453

 

 

 

609

 

 

 

 

25,281

 

 

 

7,029

 

 

13


 

Stock-Based Compensation

Under the Company’s stock-based compensation programs, the Company periodically grants stock options and restricted stock to employees, directors and nonemployee consultants. The Company also issues shares under an employee stock purchase plan. The fair value of all awards is recognized in the Company’s statements of operations over the requisite service period for each award.

Awards that vest as the recipient provides service are expensed on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period. Other awards, such as performance-based awards that vest upon the achievement of specified goals, are expensed using the accelerated attribution method if achievement of the specified goals is considered probable. The Company has also granted awards that vest upon the achievement of market conditions. Per Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 718 Share-Based Payments, market conditions must be considered in determining the estimated grant-date fair value of share-based payments and the market conditions must be considered in determining the requisite service period over which compensation cost is recognized. The Company estimates the fair value of the awards with market conditions using a Monte Carlo simulation, which utilizes several assumptions including the risk-free interest rate, the volatility of the Company’s stock and the exercise behavior of award recipients. The grant-date fair value of the awards is then recognized over the requisite service period, which represents the derived service period for the awards as determined by the Monte Carlo simulation.

The fair value of equity-classified awards to employees and directors are measured at fair value on the date the awards are granted. Awards to nonemployee consultants are recorded at their fair values and are re-measured as of each balance sheet date until the recipient’s services are complete. During the three months and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company recorded the following stock-based compensation expense:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Research and development

 

$

56

 

 

$

63

 

 

$

182

 

 

$

188

 

General and administrative

 

 

177

 

 

 

348

 

 

 

442

 

 

 

581

 

Restructuring

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

69

 

 

 

$

233

 

 

$

411

 

 

$

624

 

 

$

838

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense is allocated to research and development and general and administrative expense based upon the department of the employee to whom each award was granted. Expenses recognized in connection with the modification of awards in connection with the Company’s strategic restructurings are allocated to restructuring expense. No related tax benefits of the stock-based compensation expense have been recognized.

Income Taxes

The Company provides for income taxes using the asset-liability method. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized based on differences between financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities, and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. The Company calculates its provision for income taxes on ordinary income based on its projected annual tax rate for the year. Uncertain tax positions are recognized if the position is more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon examination by a tax authority. Unrecognized tax benefits represent tax positions for which reserves have been established. As of June 30, 2016, the Company is forecasting a net loss for the year ended December 31, 2016. The Company maintains a full valuation allowance on all deferred tax assets. For the six months ended June 30, 2016, the Company recorded a $0.1 million provision for income taxes related to withholding taxes incurred in a foreign jurisdiction.

Segment and Geographic Information

Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise engaging in business activities for which discrete financial information is available and regularly reviewed by the chief operating decision maker in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The Company views its operations and manages its business in one operating segment principally in the United States. As of June 30, 2016, the Company has $0.9 million of net assets located in the United Kingdom.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect certain reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial

 

14


statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include contract research accruals and measurement of stock-based compensation. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions that management believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. Changes in estimates are recorded in the period in which they become known. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

The Company did not adopt any new accounting pronouncements during the six months ended June 30, 2016 that had a material effect on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued a comprehensive new revenue recognition standard that will supersede nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under US GAAP. The standard was originally scheduled to be effective for public entities for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2016. In July 2015, the standard was deferred and will now be effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company is currently evaluating the effect this standard will have on its revenue recognition policies and its financial statements, including how the standard will be adopted.

In August 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements—Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40): Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern. This ASU is intended to define management’s responsibility to evaluate whether there is substantial doubt about an organization’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year of the date of issuance of the entity’s financial statements and to provide related footnote disclosures even in circumstances where conditions are mitigated as a result of management’s plans. This guidance is effective for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2016, with early application permitted. If this standard had been adopted as of June 30, 2016 and applied to these financial statements, the guidance would have required additional disclosure in the financial statements. The Company faces certain risks and uncertainties as further described in Note 1, “Organization,” that may have an effect on the Company’s disclosures in future periods.

 

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, Compensation─Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting. This ASU is intended to simplify certain aspects of the accounting for share-based payment transactions, such as allowing entities to elect to account for forfeitures as they occur or to continue to estimate the number of awards that are expected to vest. The standard is effective for public entities for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of this standard will have on its financial statements.

 

 

(4) Collaborations and License Agreements

CANbridge

In March 2016, the Company entered into a collaboration and license agreement with CANbridge Life Sciences Ltd. (“CANbridge”). Under the terms of the license agreement, the Company granted CANbridge the exclusive right to develop, manufacture and commercialize AV-203, the Company’s proprietary ErbB3 (HER3) inhibitory antibody, for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease in humans and animals in all countries other than the United States, Canada and Mexico (the “Licensed Territory”). Under the terms of the license agreement, if the Company determines to grant a license to any ErbB3 inhibitory antibody in the United States, Canada or Mexico, the Company is obligated to first negotiate with CANbridge for the grant to CANbridge of a license to such rights. In addition, for a period of time following the completion of certain proof-of-concept clinical studies by CANbridge involving the use of AV-203 for the treatment of squamous cell esophagus cancer, the Company has agreed to negotiate exclusively with CANbridge for (a) the right to co-develop ErbB3 inhibitory antibody products for the treatment of squamous cell esophagus cancer or (b) the right to include the United States, Canada and Mexico as part of the Licensed Territory under the license agreement.  The effective date of the license agreement is March 16, 2016 (the “Effective Date”).

CANbridge made an upfront payment to the Company of $1.0 million in April 2016. This amount was included in accounts receivable on the Company’s balance sheet as of March 31, 2016 net of $0.1 million of withholding taxes. CANbridge has agreed to reimburse the Company $1.0 million for certain manufacturing costs and expenses previously incurred by the Company with respect to AV-203, $0.5 million of which will be due to the Company on the earlier of (i) the date of validation by CANbridge of certain manufacturing development activities conducted by the Company prior to the Effective Date or (ii) twelve months from the Effective Date, and the remaining $0.5 million of which will be due to the Company on the earlier of (i) the date of validation by CANbridge of such manufacturing development activities or (ii) eighteen months from the Effective Date. The Company is also eligible to receive up to $42.0 million in potential development and regulatory milestone payments and up to $90.0 million in potential sales based milestone payments based on annual net sales of licensed products. Upon commercialization, the Company is eligible to receive a tiered royalty, with a percentage range in the low double digits, on net sales of approved licensed products. CANbridge’s obligation to

 

15


pay royalties for each licensed product expires on a country-by-country basis on the later of the expiration of patent rights covering such licensed product in such country, the expiration of regulatory data exclusivity in such country and ten years after the first commercial sale of such licensed product in such country. No milestone payments have been earned as of June 30, 2016.

CANbridge is obligated to use commercially reasonable efforts to develop and commercialize AV-203 in each of China, Japan, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Spain, and Germany. CANbridge has responsibility for all activities and costs associated with the further development, manufacture, regulatory filings and commercialization of AV-203 in the Licensed Territory.

The term of the license agreement commenced on the Effective Date and will continue until the last to expire royalty term applicable to licensed products. Either party may terminate the license agreement in the event of a material breach by the other party that remains uncured for a period of 45 days, in the case of a material breach of a payment obligation, and 90 days in the case of any other material breach. CANbridge may terminate the license agreement without cause at any time upon 180 days’ prior written notice to the Company. The Company may terminate the license agreement upon thirty days’ prior written notice if CANbridge challenges any of the patent rights licensed to CANbridge under the license agreement.

The Company and CANbridge have each agreed to not directly or indirectly develop or commercialize any ErbB3 inhibitory antibody product during the term of the license agreement other than pursuant to the license agreement.

A percentage of any milestone and royalty payments received by the Company, excluding upfront and reimbursement payments, are due to Biogen Idec International GMBH (“Biogen”) as a sublicensing fee under the option and license agreement between the Company and Biogen dated March 18, 2009, as amended.

Activities under the agreement were evaluated under ASC 605-25 Revenue Recognition—Multiple Element Arrangements, or ASC 605-25, to determine whether such activities represented a multiple element revenue arrangement. The agreement with CANbridge includes the following non-contingent deliverables: (i) the Company’s grant of an exclusive license to develop and commercialize AV-203 in the licensed territories, (ii) the Company’s obligation to transfer all technical knowledge and data useful in the development and manufacture of AV-203 and (iii) the Company’s obligation to participate on a joint steering committee during the proof-of-concept development period. The relative selling price of the Company’s joint steering committee participation had de minimis value. The Company determined that the delivered license and know-how did have stand-alone value from the undelivered element and have accounted for these items as separate deliverables. The Company allocated the up-front consideration of $1.0 million to the units of accounting and recognized the $1.0 million attributed to the delivered license and know-how during the three months ended March 31, 2016.

The Company believes the regulatory milestones that may be achieved under the license agreement are consistent with the definition of a milestone included in ASU 2010-17, Revenue Recognition—Milestone Method, and, accordingly, the Company will recognize payments related to the achievement of such milestones, if any, when each such milestone is achieved. Factors considered in this determination included scientific and regulatory risks that must be overcome to achieve each milestone, the level of effort and investment required to achieve each milestone, and the monetary value attributed to each milestone.

EUSA

In December 2015, the Company entered into a license agreement with EUSA Pharma (UK) Limited (“EUSA”) under which the Company granted to EUSA the exclusive, sublicensable right to develop, manufacture and commercialize tivozanib in the territories of Europe (excluding Russia, Ukraine and the Commonwealth of Independent States), Latin America (excluding Mexico), Africa, Australasia and New Zealand (the “Licensed Territories”) for all diseases and conditions in humans, excluding non-oncologic diseases or conditions of the eye.  EUSA filed an application with the EMA in February 2016 for approval of marketing authorization for tivozanib for the treatment of RCC.

Under the license agreement, EUSA made a research and development funding payment to the Company of $2.5 million during the year ended December 31, 2015.  EUSA is required to make a further research and development funding payment of $4.0 million upon the grant by the European Medicines Agency (“EMA”) of marketing approval for tivozanib for treatment of RCC. The Company is eligible to receive additional research funding from EUSA, including up to $20.0 million for the Company’s phase 3 study in third-line RCC if EUSA elects to utilize data generated by the study, and up to $2.0 million for a potential phase 1 combination study with a checkpoint inhibitor if EUSA elects to utilize data generated by the study. The Company will be entitled to receive milestone payments of $2.0 million per country upon reimbursement approval for RCC in each of France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom, and an additional $2.0 million for the grant of marketing approval in three of the following five countries: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, South Africa and Venezuela. The Company is also eligible to receive a payment of $2.0 million in connection with EUSA’s filing with the EMA for marketing approval for tivozanib for the treatment of each of up to three additional indications and $5.0 million per indication in connection with the EMA’s grant of marketing approval for each of up to three additional indications, as well as potentially up to $335.0 million upon EUSA’s achievement of certain sales thresholds. The Company is also eligible to receive tiered double digit royalties on net sales, if any, of licensed products in the Licensed Territories ranging from a low double digit up to

 

16


mid-twenty percent depending on the level of annual net sales. A percentage of any milestone and royalty payments received by AVEO are due to Kyowa Hakko Kirin Co., Ltd. (formerly Kirin Brewery Co., Ltd.) (“KHK”) as a sublicensing fee under the license agreement between AVEO and KHK dated as of December 21, 2006, pursuant to which the Company acquired exclusive rights to develop and commercialize tivozanib for all human diseases outside of Asia (the “KHK License Agreement”).   The research and development funding payments under the EUSA license agreement are not subject to sublicensing payment to KHK.

EUSA is obligated to use commercially reasonable efforts to develop and commercialize tivozanib throughout the Licensed Territories. With the exc