MINNEAPOLIS, June 01, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Panbela Therapeutics, Inc. (Nasdaq: PBLA), a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company developing disruptive therapeutics for the treatment of patients with urgent unmet medical needs announces a poster presentation highlighting the results for CPP-1X (also known as α-Difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) or Eflornithine) in recent onset type 1 diabetes at the Immunology of Diabetes Society (IDS) meeting, which was held May 23-27, 2023. The work reflects the Company’s ongoing collaboration with Indiana University School of Medicine.
The research is part of a multi-site clinical trial led by Indiana University (IU) School of Medicine, supported by funding from JDRF, the leading global type 1 diabetes (T1D) research and advocacy organization. The preclinical data were generated by Raghavendra Mirmira's laboratory at the University of Chicago. Panbela Therapeutics is providing the drug at no cost to researchers and was not involved in the design and analysis of these studies.
“Preclinical studies showed that β cell-specific deletion of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) provided protection against toxin-induced diabetes which suggests a role for polyamine dysregulation in T1D.” said Jennifer K. Simpson, PhD, MSN, CRNP, President & Chief Executive Officer of Panbela. “Furthermore, results from the multi-site randomized, placebo-controlled Phase I trial in patients with recent onset T1D showed that inhibition of ODC by CPP-1X may improve β cell function.”
"Together these results suggest that CPP-1X may have a role in the clinical management of recent onset type 1 diabetes,” said Dr. Simpson “and are the basis for the IU and JDRF Phase II trial in recent onset T1D that was recently initiated. Overall, we are excited to support the goal of developing effective novel therapies for patients with unmet medical needs.”
The poster investigates the mechanism of polyamines and polyamine inhibition by CPP-1X on β cell stress that plays a role in the onset of type 1 diabetes in in vitro and ex vivo models. Mice with β cell-specific deletion of ODC had improved glucose tolerance, increased β cell mass, and reduced incidence of diabetes following streptozotocin treatment.
From the Phase 1 dose range finding study of CPP-1X in patients with recent onset T1D, CPP-1X was well tolerated and a dose dependent inhibition of ODC was observed. An exploratory secondary analysis showed that at the two highest dose levels, treatment with CPP-1X stabilized C-peptide areas under the curve compared to placebo. When assessing immune cell populations, there were no differences between the placebo and CPP-1X patients.
Results from these studies suggest that CPP-1X is a safe, oral treatment option that may improve β cell function and/or survival in recent onset T1D.
Details of the presentation are as follows:
Title: Inhibition of Polyamine Biosynthesis with α-Difluoromethylornithine is Associated with Preserved β Cell Function in Type 1 Diabetes
Session Category: Poster Session III
Session Title: Abstract #: 20
Additional meeting information can be found on the IDS website: https://www.idsparis2023.com/_files/ugd/d65629_717d6a377fae45dc95b0ebb267fad8d7.pdf
The poster will also be available on the Company's website at https://panbela.com/events-presentations/
About Panbela’s Pipeline
The pipeline consists of assets currently in clinical trials with an initial focus on familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), first-line metastatic pancreatic cancer, neoadjuvant pancreatic cancer, colorectal cancer prevention and ovarian cancer. The combined development programs have a steady cadence of anticipated catalysts with programs ranging from pre-clinical to registration studies.
Ivospemin is a proprietary polyamine analogue designed to induce polyamine metabolic inhibition (PMI) by exploiting an observed high affinity of the compound for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and other tumors. It has shown signals of tumor growth inhibition in clinical studies of metastatic pancreatic cancer patients, demonstrating a median overall survival (OS) of 14.6 months and an objective response rate (ORR) of 48%, both exceeding what is typical for the standard of care of gemcitabine + nab-paclitaxel suggesting potential complementary activity with the existing FDA-approved standard chemotherapy regimen. In data evaluated from clinical studies to date, ivospemin has not shown exacerbation of bone marrow suppression and peripheral neuropathy, which can be chemotherapy-related adverse events. Serious visual adverse events have been evaluated and patients with a history of retinopathy or at risk of retinal detachment will be excluded from future SBP-101 studies. The safety data and PMI profile observed in the previous Panbela-sponsored clinical trials provide support for continued evaluation of ivospemin in the ASPIRE trial.
Flynpovi is a combination of CPP-1X (eflornithine) and sulindac with a dual mechanism inhibiting polyamine synthesis and increasing polyamine export and catabolism. In a Phase III clinical trial in patients with sporadic large bowel polyps, the combination prevented > 90% subsequent pre-cancerous sporadic adenomas versus placebo. Focusing on FAP patients with lower gastrointestinal tract anatomy in the recent Phase III trial comparing Flynpovi to single agent eflornithine and single agent sulindac, FAP patients with lower GI anatomy (patients with an intact colon, retained rectum or surgical pouch), showed statistically significant benefit compared to both single agents (p≤0.02) in delaying surgical events in the lower GI for up to four years. The safety profile for Flynpovi did not significantly differ from the single agents and supports the continued evaluation of Flynpovi for FAP.
CPP-1X (eflornithine) is being developed as a single agent tablet or high dose powder sachet for several indications including prevention of gastric cancer, treatment of neuroblastoma and recent onset Type 1 diabetes. Preclinical studies as well as Phase I or Phase II investigator-initiated trials suggest that CPP-1X treatment may be well-tolerated and has potential activity.
Panbela Therapeutics, Inc. is a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company developing disruptive therapeutics for patients with urgent unmet medical needs. Panbela’s lead assets are Ivospemin (SBP-101) and Flynpovi. Further information can be found at www.panbela.com . Panbela’s common stock is listed on The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC under the symbol “PBLA”.
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Panbela Therapeutics, Inc.