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Rogers Communications Reports Fourth Quarter 2023 Results; Announces 2024 Financial Guidance

Rogers reports record 2023 results driven by strong execution on Shaw acquisition combined with industry-leading performance as more Canadians are choosing Rogers than any other carrier for second straight year

Rogers delivers industry-leading 2023 financial results led by strong execution by entire team

  • Service revenue of $16.8 billion, up 27%
  • Adjusted EBITDA1 of $8.6 billion, up 34%
  • Free cash flow1 of $2.4 billion, up 36%
  • 2023 postpaid mobile phone nets adds of 674,000, up 24%
  • Ended year with 11.6 million wireless customers and 4.2 million retail Internet customers from coast to coast

Q4 results reflect industry-leading growth in Wireless and Cable operations

  • Total service revenue up 30%; adjusted EBITDA up 39%
  • Wireless service revenue up 9%; adjusted EBITDA up 10%
    • Q4 postpaid mobile phone net adds of 184,000; growth in pro forma Wireless blended ARPU of 1% (for Shaw Mobile); down 1% as reported
  • Cable service revenue up 94%; adjusted EBITDA up 113%
    • Q4 retail Internet net additions of 20,000, more than double last year

Shaw integration and synergy targets continue ahead of plan

  • Industry-leading Cable margins of 56%, up from 51% last year
  • Synergies realized since closing now at $375 million; exited Q4 at $750 million run rate - six months ahead of plan
  • Wireless and wireline market share gains accelerating in the West supported by largest and best 5G network and only coast-to-coast Internet network

Launched transformative firsts in technology for Canadians

  • Agreements for satellite-to-mobile coverage with SpaceX and Lynk Global; made Canada's first test call
  • Satellite-connected wildfire sensors and AI cameras connected to Rogers' 5G network for early wildfire detection
  • Essential 5G cellular connectivity on Highway 16 in B.C. providing key lifeline and improved public safety
  • First carrier to activate 5G services for all riders at all TTC subway stations and busiest tunnels

Substantially reduced debt leverage ratio to 4.7 times at year-end, down over half a turn on synergy cost reductions, earnings growth, proceeds from asset sales, and commencing the payback of acquisition-related debt

Delivered on 2023 financial guidance; 2024 guidance targets robust growth

  • Total service revenue growth range of 8% to 10%
  • Adjusted EBITDA growth range of 12% to 15%
  • Capital expenditures of $3.8 billion to $4.0 billion
  • Free cash flow of $2.9 billion to $3.1 billion, compared to $2.4 billion in 2023

TORONTO, Feb. 01, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Rogers Communications Inc. (TSX: RCI.A and RCI.B; NYSE: RCI) today announced its unaudited financial and operating results for the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2023.

"We delivered industry-leading results in the fourth quarter and for the full year," said Tony Staffieri, President and CEO. "We led the industry in growth, exceeded our Shaw targets, and delivered a number of innovative firsts to Canadians. We've delivered eight straight quarters of growth and I remain very confident in our future. Our industry-leading growth targets for 2024 reflect continued momentum and disciplined execution."

Consolidated Financial Highlights

(In millions of Canadian dollars, except per share amounts, unaudited)

Three months ended December 31  Twelve months ended December 31 
20232022% Chg   20232022% Chg 
        
Total revenue5,3354,16628   19,30815,39625 
Total service revenue4,4703,43630   16,84513,30527 
Adjusted EBITDA2,3291,67939   8,5816,39334 
Net income328508(35)  8491,680(49)
Adjusted net income 163055414   2,4061,91526 
        
Diluted earnings per share$0.62$1.00(38) $1.62$3.32(51)
Adjusted diluted earnings per share 1$1.19$1.099  $4.59$3.7821 
        
Cash provided by operating activities1,3791,14520   5,2214,49316 
Free cash flow82363530   2,4141,77336 

________________________
1
Adjusted EBITDA is a total of segments measure. Free cash flow is a capital management measure. Adjusted diluted earnings per share is a non-GAAP ratio. Adjusted net income is a non-GAAP financial measure and is a component of adjusted diluted earnings per share. See "Non-GAAP and Other Financial Measures" for more information about each of these measures. These are not standardized financial measures under International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and might not be comparable to similar financial measures disclosed by other companies.

Quarterly Financial Highlights

Revenue
Total revenue and total service revenue increased by 28% and 30%, respectively, this quarter, driven substantially by revenue growth in our Cable and Wireless businesses.

Wireless service revenue increased by 9% this quarter, primarily as a result of the cumulative impact of growth in our mobile phone subscriber base and revenue from Shaw Mobile subscribers acquired through the acquisition of Shaw Communications Inc. (Shaw, and the Shaw Transaction). Wireless equipment revenue increased by 17%, primarily as a result of an increase in new subscribers purchasing devices and a continued shift in the product mix towards higher-value devices.

Cable service revenue increased by 94% this quarter primarily as a result of the Shaw Transaction.

Media revenue decreased by 8% this quarter primarily as a result of lower sports-related revenue associated with a distribution from Major League Baseball in 2022.

Adjusted EBITDA and margins
Consolidated adjusted EBITDA increased 39% this quarter and our adjusted EBITDA margin increased by 340 basis points, as a result of improving synergies and efficiencies.

Wireless adjusted EBITDA increased by 10%, primarily due to the flow-through impact of higher revenue as discussed above. This gave rise to an adjusted EBITDA margin of 63.9%.

Cable adjusted EBITDA increased by 113% due to the flow-through impact of higher revenue as discussed above and the achievement of cost synergies associated with integration activities. This gave rise to an adjusted EBITDA margin of 56.1%.

Media adjusted EBITDA decreased by $53 million, or 93%, primarily due to lower sports-related revenue as discussed above.

Net income and adjusted net income
Net income decreased by 35% this quarter, primarily as a result of higher depreciation and amortization associated with assets acquired through the Shaw Transaction; higher restructuring, acquisition and other costs, primarily associated with Shaw acquisition- and integration-related activities; and higher finance costs, partially offset by higher adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted net income2 increased by 14% this quarter, primarily as a result of higher adjusted EBITDA.

Cash flow and available liquidity
This quarter, we generated cash provided by operating activities of $1,379 million (2022 - $1,145 million); the increase is primarily a result of higher adjusted EBITDA, partially offset by higher interest paid. We also generated free cash flow of $823 million (2022 - $635 million), up 30% as a result of higher adjusted EBITDA, partially offset by higher interest on long-term debt and higher capital expenditures.

As at December 31, 2023, we had $5.9 billion of available liquidity3 (December 31, 2022 - $4.9 billion), consisting of $0.8 billion in cash and cash equivalents and $5.1 billion available under our bank credit and other facilities.

As a result of the Shaw Transaction, our debt leverage ratio was 4.72 as at December 31, 2023. This has been calculated on an adjusted basis to include trailing 12-month adjusted EBITDA of a combined Rogers and Shaw as if the Shaw Transaction had closed at the beginning of the trailing 12-month period. If calculated on an as reported basis without the foregoing adjustment, our debt leverage ratio3 as at December 31, 2023 was 5.0 (December 31, 2022 - 3.3). See "Financial Condition" for more information.

We also returned $265 million in dividends to shareholders this quarter and we declared a $0.50 per share dividend on January 31, 2024.

________________________

Effective the second quarter of 2023, we retrospectively amended our definitions of (i) adjusted net income (see "Review of Consolidated Performance") and (ii) adjusted net debt, a component of debt leverage ratio and pro forma debt leverage ratio (see "Financial Condition").

3 Available liquidity and debt leverage ratio are capital management measures. Pro forma debt leverage ratio is a non-GAAP ratio. Pro forma trailing 12-month adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and is a component of pro forma debt leverage ratio. See "Non-GAAP and Other Financial Measures" for more information about these measures. These are not standardized financial measures under IFRS and might not be comparable to similar financial measures disclosed by other companies. See "Financial Condition" for a reconciliation of available liquidity.

Strategic Highlights

The five objectives set out below guide our work and decision-making as we further improve our operational execution and make well-timed investments to grow our core businesses and deliver increased shareholder value. Below are some highlights for the year.

Build the biggest and best networks in the country

  • Invested a record $3.9 billion in capital expenditures, primarily in our wireless and wireline network infrastructure.
  • Recognized as the best and most reliable wireless network in Canada for the fifth straight year by umlaut in July 2023.
  • Expanded Canada's largest and most reliable 5G network to 267 new communities.
  • Launched 5G service for all transit riders in the busiest sections of the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) subway system.
  • Signed agreements with SpaceX and Lynk Global to bring satellite-to-mobile phone coverage and completed Canada's first test call.
  • Secured 3800 MHz spectrum licences, making Rogers the largest 5G spectrum investor.
  • Invested in wildfire detection and prevention technology to help combat climate change events.
  • Delivered an additional 50 kilometres of 5G cellular connectivity on Highway 16 in British Columbia to improve public safety.

Deliver easy to use, reliable products and services

  • Introduced Rogers Internet and TV services to customers in Western Canada.
  • Upgraded all migrated legacy Shaw Mobile customers to Rogers 5G service.
  • Introduced the red Rogers Mastercard with 48-month device equal payment plan with 0% interest and up to 3% cashback value for customers.
  • Introduced Ignite Self Protect for customers to self-monitor their homes with connected devices.

Be the first choice for Canadians

  • Led the industry in wireless subscriber additions with 674,000 postpaid mobile phone net additions.
  • Launched our "We Speak Your Language" program across all retail stores, with the goal of serving customers in their preferred language.
  • Secured number-one spots for flagship radio brands 98.1 CHFI, CityNews 680, and KiSS 92.5 for the Summer 2023 ratings period.
  • Helped bring Taylor Swift to Canada in 2024 for six shows in Toronto and three in Vancouver.
  • Signed a long-term broadcast agreement with UFC that will bring live UFC events to Sportsnet.

Be a strong national company investing in Canada

  • Successfully completed the historic Shaw Transaction in April 2023.
  • Repatriated the Shaw customer service teams as part of our commitment to 100% Canada-based teams.
  • Expanded Connected for Success, our high-speed, low-cost Internet program to Western Canada.
  • Announced a new five-year deal as title sponsor of the Shaw Charity Classic.
  • Drove benefits to community organizations across Canada of over $100 million.

Be the growth leader in our industry

  • Total service revenue up 27%; adjusted EBITDA up 34%.
  • Generated free cash flow of $2,414 million and cash provided by operating activities of $5,221 million.
  • Achieved strong Cable adjusted EBITDA margin expansion of 330 basis points; Shaw integration tracking ahead of plan.
  • Delivered on industry-leading 2023 financial guidance.

Achieved 2023 Guidance

The following table outlines guidance ranges that we had previously provided and our actual results and achievements for the selected full-year 2023 financial metrics.

 2022 2023 2023  
(In millions of dollars, except percentages)Actual Guidance Ranges Actual Achievement
Consolidated Guidance 1          
Total service revenue13,305 Increase of 26%toincrease of 30% 16,84527% x
Adjusted EBITDA6,393 Increase of 33%toincrease of 36% 8,58134% x
Capital expenditures 23,075 3,700to3,900 3,934n/m  xx
Free cash flow1,773 2,200to2,500 2,414n/m  x


Achieved xExceeded xx

n/m - not meaningful
The table outlines guidance ranges for selected full-year 2023 consolidated financial metrics provided in our February 2, 2023 earnings release and subsequently updated on July 26, 2023. Guidance ranges presented as percentages reflect percentage increases over full-year 2022 results.
2 Includes additions to property, plant and equipment net of proceeds on disposition, but does not include expenditures for spectrum licences, additions to right-of-use assets, or assets acquired through business combinations.

2024 Outlook

For the full-year 2024, we expect growth in total service revenue and adjusted EBITDA will drive higher free cash flow. In 2024, we expect to have the financial flexibility to maintain our network advantages and to continue to return cash to shareholders.

 2023 2024
(In millions of dollars, except percentages; unaudited)Actual Guidance Ranges 1
      
Consolidated Guidance     
Total service revenue16,845 Increase of 8%toincrease of 10%
Adjusted EBITDA8,581 Increase of 12%toincrease of 15%
Capital expenditures 23,934 3,800to4,000
Free cash flow2,414 2,900to3,100

1 Guidance ranges presented as percentages reflect percentage increases over full-year 2023 results.
2 Includes additions to property, plant and equipment net of proceeds on disposition, but does not include expenditures for spectrum licences, additions to right-of-use assets, or assets acquired through business combinations.

The above table outlines guidance ranges for selected full-year 2024 consolidated financial metrics. These ranges take into consideration our current outlook and our 2023 results. The purpose of the financial outlook is to assist investors, shareholders, and others in understanding certain financial metrics relating to expected 2024 financial results for evaluating the performance of our business. This information may not be appropriate for other purposes. Information about our guidance, including the various assumptions underlying it, is forward-looking and should be read in conjunction with "About Forward-Looking Information" (including the material assumptions listed under the heading "Key assumptions underlying our full-year 2024 guidance") and the related disclosure and information about various economic, competitive, and regulatory assumptions, factors, and risks that may cause our actual future financial and operating results to differ from what we currently expect.

We provide annual guidance ranges on a consolidated full-year basis that are consistent with annual full-year Board of Directors-approved plans. Any updates to our full-year financial guidance over the course of the year would only be made to the consolidated guidance ranges that appear above.

About Rogers

Rogers is Canada's leading wireless, cable and media company that provides connectivity and entertainment to Canadian consumers and businesses across the country. Our shares are publicly traded on the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX: RCI.A and RCI.B) and on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE: RCI).

Investment community contactMedia contact
  
Paul CarpinoSarah Schmidt
647.435.6470647.643.6397
paul.carpino@rci.rogers.comsarah.schmidt@rci.rogers.com
  

Quarterly Investment Community Teleconference

Our fourth quarter 2023 results teleconference with the investment community will be held on:

  • February 1, 2024
  • 8:00 a.m. Eastern Time
  • webcast available at investors.rogers.com
  • media are welcome to participate on a listen-only basis

A rebroadcast will be available at investors.rogers.com for at least two weeks following the teleconference. Additionally, investors should note that from time to time, Rogers' management presents at brokerage-sponsored investor conferences. Most often, but not always, these conferences are webcast by the hosting brokerage firm, and when they are webcast, links are made available on Rogers' website at investors.rogers.com.

For More Information

You can find more information relating to us on our website (investors.rogers.com), on SEDAR+ (sedarplus.ca), and on EDGAR (sec.gov), or you can e-mail us at investor.relations@rci.rogers.com. Information on or connected to these and any other websites referenced in this earnings release is not part of, or incorporated into, this earnings release.

You can also go to investors.rogers.com for information about our governance practices, environmental, social, and governance (ESG) reporting, a glossary of communications and media industry terms, and additional information about our business.

About this Earnings Release

This earnings release contains important information about our business and our performance for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2023, as well as forward-looking information (see "About Forward-Looking Information") about future periods. This earnings release should be used as preparation for reading our forthcoming Management's Discussion and Analysis (MD&A) and Audited Consolidated Financial Statements for the year ended December 31, 2023, which we intend to file with securities regulators in Canada and the US in the coming weeks. These documents will be made available at investors.rogers.com, sedarplus.ca, and sec.gov or mailed upon request.

The financial information contained in this earnings release is prepared using International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board. This earnings release should be read in conjunction with our 2022 Annual MD&A, our 2022 Audited Consolidated Financial Statements, our 2023 First, Second, and Third Quarter MD&A and Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, and our other recent filings with Canadian and US securities regulatory authorities, which are available on SEDAR+ at sedarplus.ca or EDGAR at sec.gov, respectively.

Effective the second quarter of 2023, we retrospectively amended our definitions of (i) adjusted net income and (ii) adjusted net debt. See "Non-GAAP and Other Financial Measures" in this earnings release.

We, us, our, Rogers, Rogers Communications, and the Company refer to Rogers Communications Inc. and its subsidiaries. RCI refers to the legal entity Rogers Communications Inc., not including its subsidiaries. Rogers also holds interests in various investments and ventures.

All dollar amounts are in Canadian dollars unless otherwise stated and are unaudited. All percentage changes are calculated using the rounded numbers as they appear in the tables. Information is current as at January 31, 2024 and was approved by RCI's Board of Directors (the Board).

We are publicly traded on the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX: RCI.A and RCI.B) and on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE: RCI).

The results from the acquired Shaw operations are included in our segment and consolidated results from the date of acquisition, consistent with our reportable segment definitions.

In this earnings release, this quarter, the quarter, or fourth quarter refer to the three months ended December 31, 2023, first quarter refers to the three months ended March 31, 2023, second quarter refers to the three months ended June 30, 2023, third quarter refers to the three months ended September 30, 2023 and year to date or full year refer to the twelve months ended December 31, 2023. All results commentary is compared to the equivalent period in 2022 or as at December 31, 2022, as applicable, unless otherwise indicated.

Trademarks in this earnings release are owned by Rogers Communications Inc. or an affiliate. This earnings release also includes trademarks of other parties. The trademarks referred to in this earnings release may be listed without the ™ symbols. ©2024 Rogers Communications

Reportable segments
We report our results of operations in three reportable segments. Each segment and the nature of its business is as follows:

SegmentPrincipal activities
WirelessWireless telecommunications operations for Canadian consumers and businesses.
CableCable telecommunications operations, including Internet, television and other video (Video), Satellite, telephony (Home Phone), and smart home monitoring services for Canadian consumers and businesses, and network connectivity through our fibre network and data centre assets to support a range of voice, data, networking, hosting, and cloud-based services for the business, public sector, and carrier wholesale markets.
MediaA diversified portfolio of media properties, including sports media and entertainment, television and radio broadcasting, specialty channels, multi-platform shopping, and digital media.


During the quarter, Wireless and Cable were operated by our wholly owned subsidiary, Rogers Communications Canada Inc. (RCCI), and certain of our other wholly owned subsidiaries. Following the Shaw Transaction, aspects of Cable were also operated by Shaw Cablesystems G.P., Shaw Telecom G.P., and Shaw Satellite G.P. Media was operated by our wholly owned subsidiary, Rogers Media Inc., and its subsidiaries.

Summary of Consolidated Financial Results

 Three months ended December 31  Twelve months ended December 31 
(In millions of dollars, except margins and per share amounts)2023 2022 % Chg  2023 2022 % Chg 
        
Revenue       
Wireless2,868 2,578 11  10,222 9,197 11 
Cable1,982 1,019 95  7,005 4,071 72 
Media558 606 (8) 2,335 2,277 3 
Corporate items and intercompany eliminations(73)(37)97  (254)(149)70 
Revenue5,335 4,166 28  19,308 15,396 25 
Total service revenue 14,470 3,436 30  16,845 13,305 27 
        
Adjusted EBITDA       
Wireless1,291 1,173 10  4,986 4,469 12 
Cable1,111 522 113  3,774 2,058 83 
Media4 57 (93) 77 69 12 
Corporate items and intercompany eliminations(77)(73)5  (256)(203)26 
Adjusted EBITDA 22,329 1,679 39  8,581 6,393 34 
Adjusted EBITDA margin 243.7%40.3%3.4 pts  44.4%41.5%2.9 pts 
        
Net income328 508 (35) 849 1,680 (49)
Basic earnings per share$0.62 $1.01 (39) $1.62 $3.33 (51)
Diluted earnings per share$0.62 $1.00 (38) $1.62 $3.32 (51)
        
Adjusted net income 2630 554 14  2,406 1,915 26 
Adjusted basic earnings per share 2$1.19 $1.10 8  $4.60 $3.79 21 
Adjusted diluted earnings per share 2$1.19 $1.09 9  $4.59 $3.78 21 
        
Capital expenditures946 776 22  3,934 3,075 28 
Cash provided by operating activities1,379 1,145 20  5,221 4,493 16 
Free cash flow823 635 30  2,414 1,773 36 

1 As defined. See "Key Performance Indicators".
2 Adjusted EBITDA margin is a supplementary financial measure. Adjusted basic earnings per share is a non-GAAP ratio. Adjusted net income is a non-GAAP financial measure and is a component of adjusted basic earnings per share. These are not standardized financial measures under IFRS and might not be comparable to similar financial measures disclosed by other companies. See "Non-GAAP and Other Financial Measures" for more information about these measures.

Results of our Reportable Segments

WIRELESS

Wireless Financial Results

 Three months ended December 31  Twelve months ended December 31 
(In millions of dollars, except margins)2023 2022 % Chg  2023 2022 % Chg 
        
Revenue       
Service revenue2,020 1,856 9  7,802 7,131 9 
Equipment revenue848 722 17  2,420 2,066 17 
Revenue2,868 2,578 11  10,222 9,197 11 
        
Operating expenses       
Cost of equipment846 734 15  2,396 2,115 13 
Other operating expenses731 671 9  2,840 2,613 9 
Operating expenses1,577 1,405 12  5,236 4,728 11 
        
Adjusted EBITDA1,291 1,173 10  4,986 4,469 12 
        
Adjusted EBITDA margin 163.9%63.2%0.7 pts  63.9%62.7%1.2 pts 
Capital expenditures334 421 (21) 1,625 1,758 (8)

Calculated using service revenue.

Wireless Subscriber Results 1

 Three months ended December 31  Twelve months ended December 31 
(In thousands, except churn and mobile phone ARPU)2023 2022 Chg  2023 2022 Chg 
        
Postpaid mobile phone 2, 3       
Gross additions703 537 166  2,007 1,523 484 
Net additions184 193 (9) 674 545 129 
Total postpaid mobile phone subscribers 410,498 9,392 1,106  10,498 9,392 1,106 
Churn (monthly)1.67%1.24%0.43 pts  1.11%0.90%0.21 pts 
Prepaid mobile phone       
Gross additions156 216 (60) 867 796 71 
Net (losses) additions(73)(7)(66) (50)89 (139)
Total prepaid mobile phone subscribers 4,51,111 1,255 (144) 1,111 1,255 (144)
Churn (monthly)6.20%5.90%0.30 pts  6.12%4.90%1.22 pts 
Mobile phone ARPU (monthly) 6$57.96 $58.69 ($0.73) $57.86 $57.89 ($0.03)

1 Subscriber counts and subscriber churn are key performance indicators. See "Key Performance Indicators".
2 On April 3, 2023, we acquired approximately 501,000 Shaw Mobile postpaid mobile phone subscribers as a result of our acquisition of Shaw, which are not included in net additions. As at December 31, 2023, we had completed migrating these subscribers to the Rogers network; there were 18,000 deactivated subscribers that could not be migrated and were therefore removed from our postpaid mobile phone subscriber base effective December 31, 2023.
3 Effective April 1, 2023, we adjusted our postpaid mobile phone subscriber base to remove 51,000 subscribers relating to a wholesale account.
4 As at end of period.
5 Effective December 1, 2023, we adjusted our Wireless prepaid subscriber base to remove 94,000 subscribers as a result of a change to our deactivation policy from 90 days to 30 days.
6 Mobile phone ARPU is a supplementary financial measure. See "Non-GAAP and Other Financial Measures" for an explanation as to the composition of this measure.

Service revenue
The 9% increase in service revenue this quarter was primarily a result of:

  • the cumulative impact of growth in our mobile phone subscriber base over the past year; and
  • the impact of the Shaw Mobile subscribers acquired through the Shaw Transaction in April 2023.

The decrease in mobile phone ARPU this quarter was primarily a result of the impact of the Shaw Mobile subscribers acquired through the Shaw Transaction in April 2023.

The continued significant postpaid gross and net additions this quarter were a result of sales execution in a growing Canadian market.

Equipment revenue
The 17% increase in equipment revenue this quarter was primarily as a result of:

  • an increase in new subscribers purchasing devices; and
  • a continued shift in the product mix towards higher-value devices; partially offset by
  • lower device upgrades by existing customers.

Operating expenses
Cost of equipment
The 15% increase in the cost of equipment this quarter was a result of the equipment revenue changes discussed above.

Other operating expenses
The 9% increase in other operating expenses this quarter was primarily a result of:

  • higher costs associated with the increased revenue and subscriber additions including commissions and costs associated with our expanded network; and
  • investments made in customer service.

Adjusted EBITDA
The 10% increase in adjusted EBITDA this quarter was a result of the revenue and expense changes discussed above.

CABLE

Cable Financial Results

 Three months ended December 31 Twelve months ended December 31
(In millions of dollars, except margins)2023 2022 % Chg 2023 2022 % Chg
        
Revenue       
Service revenue1,965 1,011 94 6,962 4,046 72
Equipment revenue17 8 113 43 25 72
Revenue1,982 1,019 95 7,005 4,071 72
        
Operating expenses871 497 75 3,231 2,013 61
        
Adjusted EBITDA1,111 522 113 3,774 2,058 83
        
Adjusted EBITDA margin56.1%51.2%4.9 pts 53.9%50.6%3.3 pts
Capital expenditures448 235 91 1,865 1,019 83


Cable Subscriber Results
1

 Three months ended December 31  Twelve months ended December 31 
(In thousands, except ARPA and penetration)2023 2022 Chg  2023 2022 Chg 
        
Homes passed 2,3,4,59,943 4,804 5,139  9,943 4,804 5,139 
Customer relationships       
Net (losses) additions(1)(6)5  (2)6 (8)
Total customer relationships 2,3,4.54,636 2,590 2,046  4,636 2,590 2,046 
ARPA (monthly) 6$141.96 $129.92 $12.04  $142.58 $130.12 $12.46 
        
Penetration 246.6%53.9%(7.3 pts) 46.6%53.9%(7.3 pts)
        
Retail Internet       
Net additions20 7 13  77 52 25 
Total retail Internet subscribers 2,3,4,54,162 2,284 1,878  4,162 2,284 1,878 
Video       
Net (losses) additions(12)(10)(2) 15 32 (17)
Total Video subscribers 2,3,42,751 1,525 1,226  2,751 1,525 1,226 
Smart Home Monitoring       
Net losses(1)(1)  (12)(12) 
Total Smart Home Monitoring subscribers 289 101 (12) 89 101 (12)
Home Phone       
Net losses(38)(18)(20) (116)(76)(40)
Total Home Phone subscribers 2,3,41,629 836 793  1,629 836 793 

1 Subscriber results are key performance indicators. See "Key Performance Indicators".
2 As at end of period.
3 On April 3, 2023, we acquired approximately 1,961,000 retail Internet subscribers, 1,203,000 Video subscribers, 890,000 Home Phone subscribers, 4,935,000 homes passed, and 2,191,000 customer relationships as a result of the Shaw Transaction, which are not included in net additions, but do appear in the ending total balances for December 31, 2023. The acquired Satellite subscribers are not included in our reported subscriber, homes passed, or customer relationship metrics.
4 On November 1, 2023, we acquired approximately 22,000 retail Internet subscribers, 8,000 Video subscribers, 19,000 Home Phone subscribers, 8,000 homes passed, and 30,000 customer relationships as a result of our acquisition of a Cable services reseller. None of these subscribers are included in net additions.
5 Effective October 1, 2023, and on a prospective basis, we reduced our retail Internet subscriber base by 182,000 and our customer relationships by 173,000 to remove Fido Internet subscribers as we stopped selling new plans for this service as of that date. Given this, we believe this adjustment more meaningfully reflects the underlying organic subscriber performance of our retail Internet business.
6 ARPA is a supplementary financial measure. See "Non-GAAP and Other Financial Measures" for an explanation as to the composition of this measure.

Service revenue
The 94% increase in service revenue this quarter was a result of:

  • revenue related to our acquisition of Shaw, which contributed approximately $1 billion for the quarter; and
  • an increase in our retail Internet subscriber base and the movement of retail Internet customers to higher speed tiers in our Ignite Internet offerings; partially offset by:
  • continued increased competitive promotional activity; and
  • declines in our Home Phone, Smart Home Monitoring, and Satellite subscriber bases.

The higher ARPA this quarter was primarily a result of the acquisition of Shaw.

Operating expenses
The 75% increase in operating expenses this quarter was primarily a result of:

  • our acquisition of Shaw, partially offset by the realization of cost synergies associated with integration activities; and
  • investments in customer service.

Adjusted EBITDA
The 113% increase in adjusted EBITDA this quarter was a result of the service revenue and expense changes discussed above.

MEDIA

Media Financial Results

 Three months ended December 31  Twelve months ended December 31
(In millions of dollars, except margins)2023 2022 % Chg  2023 2022 % Chg
        
Revenue558 606 (8) 2,335 2,277 3
Operating expenses554 549 1  2,258 2,208 2
        
Adjusted EBITDA4 57 (93) 77 69 12
        
Adjusted EBITDA margin0.7%9.4%(8.7 pts) 3.3%3.0%0.3 pts
Capital expenditures113 73 55  250 142 76


Revenue

The 8% decrease in revenue this quarter was a result of:

  • lower sports-related revenue associated with the impact of a distribution from Major League Baseball in 2022; partially offset by
  • higher advertising and subscriber revenue.

Operating expenses
The 1% increase in operating expenses this quarter was a result of higher programming costs.

Adjusted EBITDA
The decrease in adjusted EBITDA this quarter was a result of the revenue and expense changes discussed above.

CAPITAL EXPENDITURES

 Three months ended December 31  Twelve months ended December 31 
(In millions of dollars, except capital intensity)2023 2022 % Chg  2023 2022 % Chg 
        
Wireless334 421 (21) 1,625 1,758 (8)
Cable448 235 91  1,865 1,019 83 
Media113 73 55  250 142 76 
Corporate51 47 9  194 156 24 
        
Capital expenditures 1946 776 22  3,934 3,075 28 
        
Capital intensity 217.7%18.6%(0.9 pts) 20.4%20.0%0.4 pts 

1 Includes additions to property, plant and equipment net of proceeds on disposition, but does not include expenditures for spectrum licences, additions to right-of-use assets, or assets acquired through business combinations.
2 Capital intensity is a supplementary financial measure. See "Non-GAAP and Other Financial Measures" for an explanation as to the composition of this measure.

One of our objectives is to build the biggest and best networks in the country. As we continually work towards this, we spent more on our wireless and wireline networks this year than we have in the past several years. This year, we continued to roll out our 5G network (the largest 5G network in Canada as at December 31, 2023) across the country, and continued with our commitment to expand coverage across Western Canada and in the TTC subway system. We also continued to invest in fibre deployments, including fibre-to-the-home (FTTH), in our cable network and we expanded our network footprint to reach more homes and businesses, including in rural, remote, and Indigenous communities. We continued strengthening the resilience of our networks and made significant investments to strengthen our technology systems, increase network stability for our customers, and enhance our testing.

These investments will strengthen network resilience and stability and will help us bridge the digital divide by expanding our network further into rural and underserved areas through participation in various programs and projects.

Wireless
The decrease in capital expenditures in Wireless this quarter was due to the timing of investments. We continue to make investments in our network development and 5G deployment to expand our wireless network. The ongoing deployment of 3500 MHz spectrum continues to augment the capacity and resilience of our earlier 5G deployments in the 600 MHz spectrum band.

Cable
The increase in capital expenditures in Cable this quarter reflects our acquisition of Shaw and continued investments in our infrastructure, including additional fibre deployments to increase our FTTH distribution. These investments incorporate the latest technologies to help deliver more bandwidth and an enhanced customer experience as we progress in our connected home roadmap, including service footprint expansion and upgrades to our DOCSIS 3.1 platform to evolve to DOCSIS 4.0, offering increased network resilience, stability, and faster download speeds over time.

Media
The increase in capital expenditures in Media this quarter was primarily a result of higher Toronto Blue Jays stadium infrastructure-related expenditures associated with the second phase of the Rogers Centre modernization project.

Capital intensity
Capital intensity decreased in the quarter as the increase in capital expenditure investments, as noted above, was offset by higher revenue.

Review of Consolidated Performance

This section discusses our consolidated net income and other income and expenses that do not form part of the segment discussions above.

 Three months ended December 31  Twelve months ended December 31 
(In millions of dollars)2023 2022 % Chg  20232022 % Chg 
        
Adjusted EBITDA2,329 1,679 39  8,5816,393 34 
Deduct (add):       
Depreciation and amortization1,172 648 81  4,1212,576 60 
Restructuring, acquisition and other86 58 48  685310 121 
Finance costs568 287 98  2,0471,233 66 
Other (income) expense(19)(10)90  362(15)n/m 
Income tax expense194 188 3  517609 (15)
        
Net income328 508 (35) 8491,680 (49)

n/m - not meaningful

Depreciation and amortization

 Three months ended December 31 Twelve months ended December 31
(In millions of dollars)20232022% Chg 20232022% Chg
        
Depreciation of property, plant and equipment93857264 3,3312,28146
Depreciation of right-of-use assets1077249 37127435
Amortization1274n/m 41921n/m
        
Total depreciation and amortization1,17264881 4,1212,57660


Total depreciation and amortization increased this quarter, primarily as a result of the property, plant and equipment, right-of-use assets, and customer relationship intangible assets acquired through the Shaw Transaction.

Restructuring, acquisition and other

 Three months ended December 31 Twelve months ended December 31
(In millions of dollars)20232022 20232022
      
Restructuring and other2511 365118
Shaw Transaction-related costs6147 320192
      
Total restructuring, acquisition and other8658 685310


The Shaw Transaction-related costs in 2022 and 2023 consisted of incremental costs supporting acquisition and integration activities related to the Shaw Transaction.

The restructuring and other costs in the fourth quarters of 2022 and 2023 included severance-related costs associated with the targeted restructuring of our employee base. In 2023, we also incurred costs related to real estate rationalization programs.

Finance costs

 Three months ended December 31  Twelve months ended December 31 
(In millions of dollars)2023 2022 % Chg  2023 2022 % Chg 
        
Total interest on borrowings 1531 381 39  1,981 1,354 46 
Interest earned on restricted cash and cash equivalents (130)(100) (149)(235)(37)
        
Interest on borrowings, net531 251 112  1,832 1,119 64 
Interest on lease liabilities31 22 41  111 80 39 
Interest on post-employment benefits(3)   (13)(1)n/m 
(Gain) loss on foreign exchange(127)(19)n/m  (111)127 n/m 
Change in fair value of derivative instruments111 16 n/m  108 (126)n/m 
Capitalized interest(10)(8)25  (38)(29)31 
Deferred transaction costs and other35 25 40  158 63 151 
        
Total finance costs568 287 98  2,047 1,233 66 

1 Interest on borrowings includes interest on short-term borrowings and on long-term debt.

Interest on borrowings, net
The 112% increase in net interest on borrowings this quarter was primarily a result of:

  • a reduction in interest earned on restricted cash and cash equivalents, as we used these funds to partially fund the Shaw Transaction;
  • interest expense associated with the borrowings under the term loan facility used to partially fund the Shaw Transaction;
  • interest expense associated with the long-term debt assumed through the Shaw Transaction; and
  • interest expense associated with the $3 billion senior note issuance in September 2023; partially offset by
  • the repayment at maturity of our US$850 million senior notes in November 2023 and US$500 million senior notes in March 2023.

Deferred transaction costs and other
The increase in "deferred transaction costs and other" this quarter is primarily a result of the amortization of the $262 million of consent fees paid in January 2023 to extend the special mandatory redemption outside date for the SMR notes issued in March 2022.

Income tax expense

 Three months ended December 31  Twelve months ended December 31 
(In millions of dollars, except tax rates)2023 2022  2023 2022 
      
Statutory income tax rate26.2%26.5% 26.2%26.5%
Income before income tax expense522 696  1,366 2,289 
Computed income tax expense137 184  358 607 
Increase (decrease) in income tax expense resulting from:     
Non-deductible stock-based compensation11 9  9 10 
Non-deductible (taxable) portion of equity losses (income)1 1  (1)9 
Revaluation of deferred tax balances due to corporate reorganization-driven change in income tax rate52   52  
Non-taxable portion of capital gains(1)(5) (1)(5)
Non-taxable income from security investments(6)(3) (16)(12)
Non-deductible loss on joint venture's non-controlling interest purchase obligation   111  
Other items 2  5  
      
Total income tax expense194 188  517 609 
      
Effective income tax rate37.2%27.0% 37.8%26.6%
Cash income taxes paid39 25  439 455 


Cash income taxes paid increased this quarter due to the timing of installment payments. The decrease in our statutory income tax rate this quarter was a result of a greater portion of our income being earned in provinces with lower income tax rates.

Net income

 Three months ended December 31  Twelve months ended December 31 
(In millions of dollars, except per share amounts)20232022% Chg  20232022% Chg 
        
Net income328508(35) 8491,680(49)
Basic earnings per share$0.62$1.01(39) $1.62$3.33(51)
Diluted earnings per share$0.62$1.00(38) $1.62$3.32(51)


Adjusted net income

We calculate adjusted net income from adjusted EBITDA as follows:

 Three months ended December 31 Twelve months ended December 31
(In millions of dollars, except per share amounts)2023 2022 % Chg 2023 2022 % Chg
        
Adjusted EBITDA2,329 1,679 39 8,581 6,393 34
Deduct:       
Depreciation and amortization 1923 648 42 3,357 2,576 30
Finance costs568 287 98 2,047 1,233 66
Other income 2(19)(10)90 (60)(15)n/m
Income tax expense 3227 200 14 831 684 21
        
Adjusted net income 1630 554 14 2,406 1,915 26
        
Adjusted basic earnings per share$1.19 $1.10 8 $4.60 $3.79 21
Adjusted diluted earnings per share$1.19 $1.09 9 $4.59 $3.78 21

1 Effective the second quarter, we retrospectively amended our calculation of adjusted net income to exclude depreciation and amortization on the fair value increment recognized on acquisition of Shaw Transaction-related property, plant and equipment and intangible assets. For purposes of calculating adjusted net income, we believe the magnitude of this depreciation and amortization, which is significantly affected by the size of the Shaw Transaction, affects comparability between periods and the additional expense recognized may have no correlation to our current and ongoing operating results. Depreciation and amortization excludes depreciation and amortization on Shaw Transaction-related property, plant and equipment and intangible assets for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2023 of $249 million and $764 million (2022 - nil), respectively. Adjusted net income includes depreciation and amortization on the acquired Shaw property, plant and equipment and intangible assets based on Shaw's historical cost and depreciation policies.
2 Other income for the twelve months ended December 31, 2023 excludes a $422 million loss related to one of our joint venture's obligations to purchase at fair value the non-controlling interest in one of its investments.
3 Income tax expense excludes recoveries of $85 million and $366 million (2022 - recoveries of $12 million and $75 million) for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2023, respectively, related to the income tax impact for adjusted items and it also excludes a $52 million expense (2022 - nil) for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2023 due to a revaluation of deferred tax balances resulting from a change in our income tax rate.

Managing our Liquidity and Financial Resources

Operating, investing, and financing activities

 Three months ended December 31  Twelve months ended December 31 
(In millions of dollars)2023 2022  2023 2022 
Cash provided by operating activities before changes in net operating assets and liabilities, income taxes paid, and interest paid2,243 1,658  8,067 6,154 
Change in net operating assets and liabilities(369)(201) (627)(152)
Income taxes paid(39)(25) (439)(455)
Interest paid, net(456)(287) (1,780)(1,054)
      
Cash provided by operating activities1,379 1,145  5,221 4,493 
      
Investing activities:     
Capital expenditures(946)(776) (3,934)(3,075)
Additions to program rights(17)(8) (74)(47)
Changes in non-cash working capital related to capital expenditures and intangible assets(68)(222) (2)(200)
Acquisitions and other strategic transactions, net of cash acquired786   (16,215)(9)
Other21 (5) 25 68 
      
Cash used in investing activities(224)(1,011) (20,200)(3,263)
      
Financing activities:     
Net (repayment of) proceeds received from short-term borrowings(96)(38) (1,439)707 
Net (repayment) issuance of long-term debt(2,749)  5,040 12,711 
Net proceeds (payments) on settlement of debt derivatives and forward contracts260 16  492 (11)
Transaction costs incurred   (284)(726)
Principal payments of lease liabilities(106)(83) (370)(316)
Dividends paid(191)(253) (960)(1,010)
      
Cash (used in) provided by financing activities(2,882)(358) 2,479 11,355 
      
Change in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash equivalents(1,727)(224) (12,500)12,585 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period2,527 13,524  13,300 715 
      
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash equivalents, end of period800 13,300  800 13,300 
      
Cash and cash equivalents800 463  800 463 
Restricted cash and cash equivalents 12,837   12,837 
      
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash equivalents, end of period800 13,300  800 13,300 


Operating activities

This quarter, cash from operating activities increased primarily as a result of higher adjusted EBITDA, partially offset by higher interest paid.

Investing activities
Capital expenditures
During the quarter we incurred $946 million on capital expenditures before changes in non-cash working capital items. See "Capital Expenditures" for more information.

Acquisitions and other strategic transactions
In December 2023, we sold our investment interests in Cogeco Inc. and Cogeco Communications Inc. for $829 million to Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec in a private transaction. We subsequently used the cash received to repay a portion of our outstanding term loan facility (see "Long-term debt" below).

We also acquired a small Cable services reseller this quarter.

Financing activities
During the quarter we paid net amounts of $2,585 million (2022 - paid $22 million) on our short-term borrowings, long-term debt, and related derivatives. See "Financial Risk Management" for more information on the cash flows relating to our derivative instruments.

Short-term borrowings
Our short-term borrowings consist of amounts outstanding under our receivables securitization program, our US CP program, and our short-term non-revolving credit facilities. Below is a summary of our short-term borrowings as at December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022.

 As at
December 31
As at
December 31
(In millions of dollars)20232022
   
Receivables securitization program1,6002,400
US commercial paper program (net of the discount on issuance)150214
Non-revolving credit facility borrowings (net of the discount on issuance)371
   
Total short-term borrowings1,7502,985


The tables below summarize the activity relating to our short-term borrowings for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022.

 Three months ended
December 31, 2023
  Twelve months ended
December 31, 2023
 
(In millions of dollars, except exchange rates)Notional
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
(Cdn$)
  Notional
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
(Cdn$)
 
        
Repayment of receivables securitization      (1,000)
Net repayment of receivables securitization      (1,000)
        
Proceeds received from US commercial paper306 1.373420  1,803 1.3572,447 
Repayment of US commercial paper(194)1.361(264) (1,858)1.345(2,499)
Net proceeds received from (repayment of) US commercial paper  156    (52)
        
Proceeds received from non-revolving credit facilities (Cdn$) 1      375 
Proceeds received from non-revolving credit facilities (US$) 1   2,125 1.3492,866 
Total proceeds received from non-revolving credit facilities      3,241 
        
Repayment of non-revolving credit facilities (Cdn$) 1      (758)
Repayment of non-revolving credit facilities (US$) 1(183)1.377(252) (2,125)1.351(2,870)
Total repayment of non-revolving credit facilities  (252)   (3,628)
        
Net repayment of non-revolving credit facilities  (252)   (387)
        
Net repayment of short-term borrowings  (96)   (1,439)

1 Borrowings under our non-revolving facility mature and are reissued regularly, such that until repaid, we maintain net outstanding borrowings equivalent to the then-current credit limit on the reissue dates.

 Three months ended
December 31, 2022
  Twelve months ended
December 31, 2022
 
(In millions of dollars, except exchange rates)Notional
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
(Cdn$)
  Notional
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
(Cdn$)
 
        
Proceeds received from receivables securitization  400    1,600 
Net proceeds received from receivables securitization  400    1,600 
        
Proceeds received from US commercial paper1,450 1.3541,963  6,745 1.3028,781 
Repayment of US commercial paper(2,038)1.360(2,771) (7,303)1.306(9,537)
Net repayment of US commercial paper  (808)   (756)
        
Proceeds received from non-revolving credit facilities (Cdn$)  370    865 
Total proceeds received from non-revolving credit facilities  370    865 
        
Repayment of non-revolving credit facilities (Cdn$)      (495)
Repayment of non-revolving credit facilities (US$)   (400)1.268(507)
Total repayment of non-revolving credit facilities      (1,002)
        
Net proceeds received from (repayment of) non-revolving credit facilities  370    (137)
        
Net (repayment of) proceeds received from short-term borrowings  (38)   707 

Concurrent with our US CP issuances, we entered into debt derivatives to hedge the foreign currency risk associated with the principal and interest components of the borrowings. See "Financial Risk Management" for more information.

In April 2023, we repaid the outstanding $200 million of borrowings under Shaw's legacy accounts receivable securitization program, subsequent to which the program was terminated. This repayment is included in "repayment of receivables securitization" above.

In November 2023, we entered into three non-revolving credit facilities with an aggregate limit of $2 billion. In December 2023, we terminated two of these credit facilities and reduced the amount available from $2 billion to $500 million. The remaining facility can be drawn until June 2024 and will mature one year after we draw. Any drawings on this facility will be recognized as short-term borrowings on our consolidated statement of financial position. Borrowings under this facility will be unsecured, guaranteed by RCCI, and will rank equally in right of payment with all of our other credit facilities and senior notes and debentures. We have not yet drawn on this facility.

In December 2022, we entered into non-revolving credit facilities with an aggregate limit of $1 billion, including $375 million maturing in December 2023, $375 million maturing in January 2024, and $250 million maturing one year from when it was drawn. Any borrowings under these facilities were recorded as "short-term borrowings" as they were due within 12 months. Borrowings under the facilities were unsecured, guaranteed by RCCI, and ranked equally in right of payment with all of our other credit facilities and senior notes and debentures. These facilities were repaid and terminated throughout 2023.

Long-term debt
Our long-term debt consists of amounts outstanding under our bank and letter of credit facilities and the senior notes, debentures, and subordinated notes we have issued. The tables below summarize the activity relating to our long-term debt for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022.

 Three months ended
December 31, 2023
  Twelve months ended
December 31, 2023
 
(In millions of dollars, except exchange rates)Notional
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
(Cdn$)
  Notional
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
(Cdn$)
 
        
Credit facility borrowings (US$)   220 1.368301 
Credit facility repayments (US$)   (220)1.336(294)
Net borrowings under credit facilities      7 
        
Term loan facility net borrowings (US$) 1   4,506 1.3506,082 
Term loan facility net repayments (US$)(811)1.337(1,084) (1,265)1.340(1,695)
Net (repayments) borrowings under term loan facility  (1,084)   4,387 
        
Senior note issuances (Cdn$)      3,000 
        
Senior note repayments (Cdn$)  (500)   (500)
Senior note repayments (US$)(850)1.371(1,165) (1,350)1.373(1,854)
Total senior notes repayments  (1,665)   (2,354)
        
Net (repayment) issuance of senior notes  (1,665)   646 
        
Net (repayment) issuance of long-term debt  (2,749)   5,040 

1 Borrowings under our term loan facility mature and are reissued regularly, such that until repaid, we maintain net outstanding borrowings equivalent to the then-current credit limit on the reissue dates.

 Three months ended
December 31, 2022
 Twelve months ended
December 31, 2022
 
(In millions of dollars, except exchange rates)Notional
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
(Cdn$)
 Notional
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
(Cdn$)
 
        
Senior note issuances (Cdn$)     4,250 
Senior note issuances (US$) 7,050 1.2849,054 
Total issuances of senior notes     13,304 
        
Senior note repayments (Cdn$)     (600)
Senior note repayments (US$) (750)1.259(944)
Total senior notes repayments     (1,544)
        
Net issuance of senior notes     11,760 
        
Subordinated note issuances (US$) 750 1.268951 
        
Net issuance of long-term debt     12,711 


 Three months ended
December 31
  Twelve months ended
December 31
 
(In millions of dollars)2023 2022  2023 2022 
      
Long-term debt net of transaction costs, beginning of period44,094 32,235  31,733 18,688 
Net (repayment) issuance of long-term debt(2,749)  5,040 12,711 
Long-term debt assumed through the Shaw Transaction   4,526  
(Gain) loss on foreign exchange(526)(263) (549)1,271 
Deferred transaction costs incurred (262) (31)(988)
Amortization of deferred transaction costs36 23  136 51 
      
Long-term debt net of transaction costs, end of period40,855 31,733  40,855 31,733 


In April 2023, we drew the maximum $6 billion on the term loan facility upon closing the Shaw Transaction, consisting of $2 billion from each of the three tranches. The three tranches mature on April 3, 2026, 2027, and 2028, respectively. In September 2023, we repaid $500 million of the tranche maturing on April 3, 2027. This quarter, we repaid an additional $1.1 billion of the same tranche such that the term loan facility has been reduced to $4.4 billion, of which $400 million remains outstanding under the April 3, 2027 tranche.

Issuance of senior and subordinated notes and related debt derivatives
Below is a summary of the senior and subordinated notes we issued during the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022.

(In millions of dollars, except interest rates and discounts) Discount/
premium at
issuance
 Total gross
proceeds 1
(Cdn$)
Transaction costs and
discounts 2 (Cdn$)
Date issued Principal
amount
Due
date
Interest
rate
 Upon
issuance
Upon
modification3
         
2023 issuances        
September 21, 2023 (senior) 50020265.650%99.853%5003n/a
September 21, 2023 (senior) 1,00020285.700%99.871%1,0008n/a
September 21, 2023 (senior) 50020305.800%99.932%5004n/a
September 21, 2023 (senior) 1,00020335.900%99.441%1,00012n/a
         
2022 issuances        
February 11, 2022 (subordinated) 4US75020825.250%At par 95113n/a
March 11, 2022 (senior) 5US1,00020252.950%99.934%1,283950
March 11, 2022 (senior) 1,25020253.100%99.924%1,2507n/a
March 11, 2022 (senior)US1,30020273.200%99.991%1,6741382
March 11, 2022 (senior) 1,00020293.750%99.891%1,000757
March 11, 2022 (senior)US2,00020323.800%99.777%2,56727165
March 11, 2022 (senior) 1,00020324.250%99.987%1,000658
March 11, 2022 (senior)US75020424.500%98.997%9662095
March 11, 2022 (senior)US2,00020524.550%98.917%2,56455250
March 11, 2022 (senior) 1,00020525.250%99.483%1,0001262

1 Gross proceeds before transaction costs, discounts, and premiums.
2 Transaction costs, discounts, and premiums are included as deferred transaction costs and discounts in the carrying value of the long-term debt, and recognized in net (loss) income using the effective interest method.
3 Accounted for as a modification of the respective financial liabilities. Reflects initial consent fee of $557 million incurred in September 2022 and additional consent fee of $262 million incurred in December 2022.
4 Deferred transaction costs and discounts (if any) in the carrying value of the subordinated notes are recognized in net income using the effective interest method over a five-year period. The subordinated notes due 2082 can be redeemed at par on March 15, 2027 or on any subsequent interest payment date.
5 The US$1 billion senior notes due 2025 can be redeemed at par at any time.

Repayment of senior notes and related derivative settlements
In October 2023, we repaid the entire outstanding principal of our US$850 million 4.10% senior notes and the associated debt derivatives at maturity.

In November 2023, we repaid the entire outstanding principal of our $500 million 3.80% senior notes at maturity. There were no derivatives associated with these senior notes.

In January 2024, we repaid the entire outstanding principal of our $500 million 4.35% senior notes at maturity. There were no derivatives associated with these senior notes.

Dividends
Below is a summary of the dividends declared and paid on RCI's outstanding Class A Voting common shares (Class A Shares) and Class B Non-Voting common shares (Class B Non-Voting Shares) in 2023 and 2022. On January 31, 2024, the Board declared a quarterly dividend of $0.50 per Class A Voting Share and Class B Non-Voting Share, to be paid on April 3, 2024, to shareholders of record on March 11, 2024.

    Dividends paid (in millions of dollars)
Declaration dateRecord datePayment dateDividend per
share (dollars)
In cashIn Class B
Non-Voting
Shares
Total
       
February 1, 2023March 10, 2023April 3, 20230.50252252
April 25, 2023June 9, 2023July 5, 20230.50264264
July 25, 2023September 8, 2023October 3, 20230.5019174265
November 8, 2023December 8, 2023January 2, 20240.5019075265
      
January 26, 2022March 10, 2022April 1, 20220.50252252
April 19, 2022June 10, 2022July 4, 20220.50253253
July 26, 2022September 9, 2022October 3, 20220.50253253
November 8, 2022December 9, 2022January 3, 20230.50253253


In August 2023, we amended our dividend reinvestment plan (DRIP) to (i) provide for a small discount on the dividend reinvestment share price and (ii) allow for the issuance of treasury shares for the settlement of the DRIP dividends.

Free cash flow

 Three months ended December 31 Twelve months ended December 31 
(In millions of dollars)20232022% Chg 20232022% Chg 
        
Adjusted EBITDA2,3291,67939 8,5816,39334 
Deduct:       
Capital expenditures 194677622 3,9343,07528 
Interest on borrowings, net and capitalized interest521243114 1,7941,09065 
Cash income taxes 2392556 439455(4)
        
Free cash flow82363530 2,4141,77336 

1 Includes additions to property, plant and equipment net of proceeds on disposition, but does not include expenditures for spectrum licences, additions to right-of-use assets, or assets acquired through business combinations.
2 Cash income taxes are net of refunds received.

The increase in free cash flow this quarter was primarily a result of higher adjusted EBITDA, partially offset by higher interest on borrowings and higher capital expenditures.

Financial Condition

Available liquidity
Below is a summary of our available liquidity from our cash and cash equivalents, bank credit facilities, letter of credit facilities, and short-term borrowings as at December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022.

As at December 31, 2023Total sources
Drawn
Letters of credit
US CP program 1
Net available
(In millions of dollars)
      
Cash and cash equivalents800800
Bank credit facilities 2:     
Revolving4,000101513,839
Non-revolving500500
Outstanding letters of credit243243
Receivables securitization 22,4001,600800
      
Total7,9431,6002531515,939

1 The US CP program amounts are gross of the discount on issuance.
2 The total liquidity sources under our bank credit facilities and receivables securitization represents the total credit limits per the relevant agreements. The amount drawn and letters of credit are currently outstanding under those agreements.

As at December 31, 2022Total sources
Drawn
Letters of credit
US CP program 1
Net available
(In millions of dollars)
      
Cash and cash equivalents463463
Bank credit facilities 2:     
Revolving4,00082153,777
Non-revolving1,000375625
Outstanding letters of credit7575
Receivables securitization 22,4002,400
      
Total 37,9382,775832154,865

1 The US CP program amounts are gross of the discount on issuance.
2 The total liquidity sources under our bank credit facilities and receivables securitization represents the total credit limits per the relevant agreements. The amount drawn and letters of credit are currently outstanding under those agreements. The US CP program amount represents our currently outstanding US CP borrowings that are backstopped by our revolving credit facility.
3 Our restricted cash and cash equivalents as at December 31, 2022 are not included in available liquidity as the funds were raised solely to fund a portion of the cash consideration of the Shaw Transaction.

Our term loan facility that had an initial credit limit of $6 billion related to the Shaw Transaction is not included in available liquidity as we could only draw on that facility to partially fund the Shaw Transaction and the facility is now fully drawn. Our Canada Infrastructure Bank credit agreement is not included in available liquidity as it can only be drawn upon for use in broadband projects under the Universal Broadband Fund, and therefore is not available for other general purposes.

Weighted average cost of borrowings
Our weighted average cost of all borrowings was 4.85% as at December 31, 2023 (December 31, 2022 - 4.50%) and our weighted average term to maturity was 10.4 years (December 31, 2022 - 11.8 years). These figures reflect the expected repayment of our subordinated notes on the five-year anniversary.

Adjusted net debt and debt leverage ratio
We use adjusted net debt and debt leverage ratio to conduct valuation-related analysis and to make capital structure-related decisions.

 As at
December 31
 As at
December 31
 
(In millions of dollars, except ratios)2023 2022 
   
Current portion of long-term debt1,100 1,828 
Long-term debt39,755 29,905 
Deferred transaction costs and discounts1,040 1,122 
 41,895 32,855 
Add (deduct):  
Adjustment of US dollar-denominated debt to hedged rate 1(808)(1,876)
Subordinated notes adjustment 2(1,496)(1,508)
Short-term borrowings1,750 2,985 
Current portion of lease liabilities504 362 
Lease liabilities2,089 1,666 
Cash and cash equivalents(800)(463)
Restricted cash and cash equivalents 3 (12,837)
   
Adjusted net debt 1,443,134 21,184 
Divided by: trailing 12-month adjusted EBITDA8,581 6,393 
   
Debt leverage ratio5.0 3.3 
   
Divided by: pro forma trailing 12-month adjusted EBITDA 49,095  
   
Pro forma debt leverage ratio4.7  

1 Effective the second quarter of 2023, we amended our calculation of adjusted net debt to include our US dollar-denominated debt at the hedged foreign exchange rate. Our US dollar-denominated debt is 100% hedged and we believe this presentation is better representative of the economic obligations on this debt. Previously, our calculation of adjusted net debt had included a current fair market value of the net debt derivative assets.
2 For the purposes of calculating adjusted net debt and debt leverage ratio, we believe adjusting 50% of the value of our subordinated notes is appropriate as this methodology factors in certain circumstances with respect to priority for payment and this approach is commonly used to evaluate debt leverage by rating agencies.
3 For the purposes of calculating adjusted net debt prior to closing the Shaw Transaction, we deducted our restricted cash and cash equivalents as these funds were raised solely to fund a portion of the cash consideration of the Shaw Transaction or, if the Shaw Transaction was not consummated, were to have been used to redeem the applicable senior notes excluding any premium. We therefore believe including only the underlying senior notes would not represent our view of adjusted net debt prior to the consummation of the Shaw Transaction or the redemption of the senior notes.
4 Adjusted net debt is a capital management measure. Pro forma trailing 12-month adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. These are not standardized financial measures under IFRS and might not be comparable to similar financial measures disclosed by other companies. See "Non-GAAP and Other Financial Measures" for more information about these measures.

Trailing 12-month adjusted EBITDA reflects the combined results of Rogers including Shaw for the period since the Shaw Transaction closed in April 2023 to December 2023 and standalone Rogers results prior to April 2023. To illustrate the results of a combined Rogers and Shaw as if the Shaw Transaction had closed at the beginning of the trailing 12-month period, we have also disclosed a pro forma trailing 12-month adjusted EBITDA and pro forma debt leverage ratio. Pro forma adjusted EBITDA incorporates an amount representing the results of Shaw's adjusted EBITDA, adjusted to conform to Rogers' accounting policies, for the three months beginning January 1, 2023.

These pro forma metrics are presented for illustrative purposes only and do not purport to reflect what the combined company's actual operating results or financial condition would have been had the Shaw Transaction occurred on the date indicated, nor do they purport to project our future financial position or operating results and should not be taken as representative of our future financial position or consolidated operating results.

As a result of the significant debt we issued to finance the Shaw Transaction, and as planned when the Shaw Transaction was first announced, our debt leverage ratio has increased. As at December 31, 2023 our debt leverage ratio was 5.0 (December 31, 2022 - 3.3) and our pro forma debt leverage ratio was 4.7. In order to meet our stated objective of returning our debt leverage ratio to approximately 3.5 within 36 months of closing the Shaw Transaction, we intend to manage our debt leverage ratio through combined operational synergies, organic growth in adjusted EBITDA, and debt repayment, as applicable.

Credit ratings
Below is a summary of the credit ratings on RCI's outstanding senior and subordinated notes and debentures (long-term) and US CP (short-term) as at December 31, 2023.

IssuanceS&P Global Ratings ServicesMoody'sFitchDBRS Morningstar
Corporate credit issuer default ratingBBB- (outlook negative)Baa3 (stable)BBB- (stable)BBB (low) (stable)
Senior unsecured debtBBB- (outlook negative)Baa3 (stable)BBB- (stable)BBB (low) (stable)
Subordinated debtBB (outlook negative)Ba2 (stable)BB (stable)N/A 1
US commercial paperA-3P-3N/A 1N/A 1

1 We have not sought a rating from Fitch or DBRS Morningstar for our short-term obligations or from DBRS Morningstar for our subordinated debt.

Outstanding common shares

 As at
December 31
As at
December 31
 20232022
   
Common shares outstanding 1  
Class A Voting Shares111,152,011111,152,011
Class B Non-Voting Shares418,868,891393,773,306
   
Total common shares530,020,902504,925,317
   
Options to purchase Class B Non-Voting Shares  
Outstanding options10,593,6459,860,208
Outstanding options exercisable4,749,6783,440,894

1 Holders of Class B Non-Voting Shares are entitled to receive notice of and to attend shareholder meetings; however, they are not entitled to vote at these meetings except as required by law or stipulated by stock exchanges. If an offer is made to purchase outstanding Class A Shares, there is no requirement under applicable law or our constating documents that an offer be made for the outstanding Class B Non-Voting Shares, and there is no other protection available to shareholders under our constating documents. If an offer is made to purchase both classes of shares, the offer for the Class A Shares may be made on different terms than the offer to the holders of Class B Non-Voting Shares.

On April 3, 2023, we issued 23.6 million Class B Non-Voting Shares as partial consideration for the Shaw Transaction.
On October 3, 2023 and January 2, 2024, we issued 1.5 million and 1.2 million Class B Non-Voting Shares, respectively, as partial settlement of the dividend payable on those dates under the terms of our DRIP.

Financial Risk Management

This section should be read in conjunction with "Financial Risk Management" in our 2022 Annual MD&A. We use derivative instruments to manage financial risks related to our business activities. We only use derivatives to manage risk and not for speculative purposes. We also manage our exposure to both fixed and fluctuating interest rates and had fixed the interest rate on 85.6% of our outstanding debt, including short-term borrowings, as at December 31, 2023 (December 31, 2022 - 91.2%).

Debt derivatives
We use cross-currency interest rate exchange agreements, forward cross-currency interest rate exchange agreements, and foreign currency forward contracts (collectively, debt derivatives) to manage risks from fluctuations in foreign exchange rates and interest rates associated with our US dollar-denominated senior notes, debentures, subordinated notes, lease liabilities, credit facility borrowings, and US CP borrowings. We typically designate the debt derivatives related to our senior notes, debentures, subordinated notes, and lease liabilities as hedges for accounting purposes against the foreign exchange risk or interest rate risk associated with specific issued and forecast debt instruments. Debt derivatives related to our credit facility and US CP borrowings have not been designated as hedges for accounting purposes.

Credit facilities and US CP

Below is a summary of the debt derivatives we entered into and settled related to our credit facility borrowings and US CP program during the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022.

 Three months ended
December 31, 2023
  Twelve months ended
December 31, 2023
 
(In millions of dollars, except exchange rates)Notional
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
(Cdn$)
  Notional
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
(Cdn$)
 
        
Credit facilities       
Debt derivatives entered10,1771.36513,891  38,2051.34851,517 
Debt derivatives settled11,1711.36315,226  34,9641.34847,126 
Net cash paid on settlement  (27)   (10)
        
US commercial paper program       
Debt derivatives entered3071.365419  1,8031.3572,447 
Debt derivatives settled1941.361264  1,8481.3452,486 
Net cash paid on settlement  (1)   (20)


 Three months ended
December 31, 2022
 Twelve months ended
December 31, 2022
(In millions of dollars, except exchange rates)Notional
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
(Cdn$)
 Notional
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
(Cdn$)
        
Credit facilities       
Debt derivatives settled 4001.268507
Net cash received on settlement     9
        
US commercial paper program       
Debt derivatives entered1,4501.3541,963 6,7451.3028,781
Debt derivatives settled2,0331.3602,764 7,2921.3069,522
Net cash received on settlement  16   64


As at December 31, 2023, we had US$3,241 million and US$113 million notional amount of debt derivatives outstanding relating to our credit facility borrowings and US CP program (December 31, 2022 - nil and US$158 million), at an average rate of $1.352/US$ (December 31, 2022 - nil) and $1.369/US$ (December 31, 2022 - $1.352/US$), respectively.

Senior and subordinated notes
We did not enter into any debt derivatives related to senior notes issued during the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2023. In the twelve months ended December 31, 2023, we settled the derivatives associated with our US$1 billion senior notes due 2025, which were not designated as hedges for accounting purposes. We subsequently entered into new derivatives associated with our US$1 billion senior notes due 2025; these derivatives are designated as hedges for accounting purposes. Below is a summary of the debt derivatives we entered into related to senior and subordinated notes during the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2022.

(In millions of dollars, except interest rates)   
  US$ Hedging effect
Effective datePrincipal/Notional amount
(US$)
Maturity dateCoupon rate  Fixed hedged (Cdn$)
interest rate 1
 Equivalent (Cdn$)
       
2022 issuances      
February 11, 202275020825.250% 5.635%951
March 11, 20221,00020252.950% 2.451%1,334
March 11, 20221,30020273.200% 3.413%1,674
March 11, 20222,00020323.800% 4.232%2,567
March 11, 202275020424.500% 5.178%966
March 11, 20222,00020524.550% 5.305%2,564

Converting from a fixed US$ coupon rate to a weighted average Cdn$ fixed rate.

In October 2023, we repaid the entire outstanding principal amount of our US$850 million 4.10% senior notes and the associated debt derivatives at maturity, resulting in a repayment of $877 million, net of $288 million received on settlement of the associated debt derivatives.

As at December 31, 2023, we had US$14,750 million (December 31, 2022 - US$16,100 million) in US dollar-denominated senior notes, debentures, and subordinated notes, of which all of the associated foreign exchange risk had been hedged using debt derivatives, at an average rate of $1.259/US$ (December 31, 2022 - $1.233/US$).

During the twelve months ended December 31, 2022, we terminated US$2 billion notional amount of forward starting cross-currency swaps and received $43 million upon settlement.

Lease liabilities
Below is a summary of the debt derivatives we entered into and settled related to our outstanding lease liabilities for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022.

 Three months ended December 31, 2023 Twelve months ended December 31, 2023
(In millions of dollars, except exchange rates)Notional
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
(Cdn$)
 Notional
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
(Cdn$)
        
Debt derivatives entered931.312122 2741.336366
Debt derivatives settled421.31055 1421.310186


 Three months ended December 31, 2022 Twelve months ended December 31, 2022
(In millions of dollars, except exchange rates)Notional
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
(Cdn$)
 Notional
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
(Cdn$)
        
Debt derivatives entered451.35661 1561.321206
Debt derivatives settled341.29444 1241.306162


As at December 31, 2023, we had US$357 million notional amount of debt derivatives outstanding relating to our outstanding lease liabilities (December 31, 2022 - US$225 million) with terms to maturity ranging from January 2024 to December 2026 (December 31, 2022 - January 2023 to December 2025) at an average rate of $1.329/US$ (December 31, 2022 - $1.306/US$).

See "Mark-to-market value" for more information about our debt derivatives.

Expenditure derivatives
We use foreign currency forward contracts (expenditure derivatives) to manage the foreign exchange risk in our operations, designating them as hedges for accounting purposes for certain of our forecast operational and capital expenditures.

Below is a summary of the expenditure derivatives we entered into and settled during the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022.

 Three months ended December 31, 2023 Twelve months ended December 31, 2023
(In millions of dollars, except exchange rates)Notional
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
(Cdn$)
 Notional
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
(Cdn$)
        
Expenditure derivatives entered4201.326557 1,6501.3252,187
Expenditure derivatives acquired 2121.330282
Expenditure derivatives settled2731.267346 1,1721.2621,479


 Three months ended December 31, 2022 Twelve months ended December 31, 2022
(In millions of dollars, except exchange rates)Notional
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
(Cdn$)
 Notional
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
(Cdn$)
        
Expenditure derivatives entered 8521.2511,066
Expenditure derivatives settled2251.298292 9601.2911,239


As at December 31, 2023, we had US$1,650 million notional amount of expenditure derivatives outstanding (December 31, 2022 - US$960 million) with terms to maturity ranging from January 2024 to December 2025 (December 31, 2022 - January 2023 to December 2023) at an average rate of $1.325/US$ (December 31, 2022 - $1.250/US$).

See "Mark-to-market value" for more information about our expenditure derivatives.

Equity derivatives
We use total return swaps (equity derivatives) to hedge the market price change risk of the Class B Non-Voting Shares granted under our stock-based compensation programs. The equity derivatives have not been designated as hedges for accounting purposes.

During the twelve months ended December 31, 2023, we entered into 0.5 million equity derivatives with a weighted average price of $58.14 as a result of the issuance of additional performance restricted share units this year.

During the twelve months ended December 31, 2023, we executed extension agreements for the remainder of our equity derivative contracts under substantially the same commitment terms and conditions with revised expiry dates to April 2024 (from April 2023).

As at December 31, 2023, we had equity derivatives outstanding for 6.0 million (December 31, 2022 - 5.5 million) Class B Non-Voting Shares with a weighted average price of $54.02 (December 31, 2022 - $53.65).

See "Mark-to-market value" for more information about our equity derivatives.

Cash settlements on debt derivatives and forward contracts

Below is a summary of the net proceeds (payments) on settlement of debt derivatives and forward contracts during the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022.

 Three months ended December 31, 2023  Twelve months ended December 31, 2023 
(In millions of dollars, except exchange rates)US$
settlements
Exchange
rate
Cdn$
settlements
  US$
settlements
Exchange
rate
Cdn$
settlements
 
        
Credit facilities  (27)   (10)
US commercial paper program  (1)   (20)
Senior and subordinated notes  288    522 
        
Net proceeds on settlement of debt derivatives and forward contracts  260    492 


 Three months ended December 31, 2022 Twelve months ended December 31, 2022 
(In millions of dollars, except exchange rates)US$
settlements
Exchange
rate
Cdn$
settlements
 US$
settlements
Exchange
rate
Cdn$
settlements
 
        
Credit facilities     9 
US commercial paper program  16   64 
Senior and subordinated notes     (75)
Forward starting cross-currency swaps     43 
Interest rate derivatives (Cdn$)     113 
Interest rate derivatives (US$) (129)1.279(165)
        
Net proceeds (payments) on settlement of debt derivatives and forward contracts  16   (11)


Mark-to-market value

We record our derivatives using an estimated credit-adjusted, mark-to-market valuation, calculated in accordance with IFRS.

 As at December 31, 2023 
(In millions of dollars, except exchange rates)Notional
amount
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
amount
(Cdn$)
Fair value 
(Cdn$)
 
Debt derivatives accounted for as cash flow hedges:    
As assets4,5571.15835,278599 
As liabilities10,5501.305513,773(1,069)
Debt derivatives not accounted for as hedges:    
As liabilities3,3541.35264,537(101)
Net mark-to-market debt derivative liability   (571)
Expenditure derivatives accounted for as cash flow hedges:    
As assets6001.31477894 
As liabilities1,0501.33151,398(19)
Net mark-to-market expenditure derivative liability   (15)
Equity derivatives not accounted for as hedges:    
As assets32448 
Net mark-to-market equity derivative asset   48 
     
Net mark-to-market liability   (538)


 As at December 31, 2022 
(In millions of dollars, except exchange rates)Notional
amount
(US$)
Exchange
rate
Notional
amount
(Cdn$)
Fair value 
(Cdn$)
 
Debt derivatives accounted for as cash flow hedges:    
As assets7,8341.17189,1801,330 
As liabilities7,4911.30009,738(414)
Short-term debt derivatives not accounted for as hedges:    
As assets1,1731.29301,51772 
Net mark-to-market debt derivative asset   988 
Expenditure derivatives accounted for as cash flow hedges:    
As assets9601.25001,20094 
Net mark-to-market expenditure derivative asset   94 
Equity derivatives not accounted for as hedges:    
As assets29554 
Net mark-to-market expenditure derivative asset   54 
     
Net mark-to-market asset   1,136 


Key Performance Indicators

We measure the success of our strategy using a number of key performance indicators that are defined and discussed in our 2022 Annual MD&A and this earnings release. We believe these key performance indicators allow us to appropriately measure our performance against our operating strategy and against the results of our peers and competitors. The following key performance indicators, some of which are supplementary financial measures (see "Non-GAAP and Other Financial Measures"), are not measurements in accordance with IFRS. They include:

  • subscriber counts;
    • Wireless;
    • Cable; and
    • homes passed (Cable);
  • Wireless subscriber churn (churn);
  • Wireless mobile phone average revenue per user
    (ARPU);
  • Cable average revenue per account (ARPA);
  • Cable customer relationships;
  • Cable market penetration (penetration);
  • capital intensity; and
  • total service revenue.


Non-GAAP and Other Financial Measures

We use the following "non-GAAP financial measures" and other "specified financial measures" (each within the meaning of applicable Canadian securities law). These are reviewed regularly by management and the Board in assessing our performance and making decisions regarding the ongoing operations of our business and its ability to generate cash flows. Some or all of these measures may also be used by investors, lending institutions, and credit rating agencies as indicators of our operating performance, of our ability to incur and service debt, and as measurements to value companies in the telecommunications sector. These are not standardized measures under IFRS, so may not be reliable ways to compare us to other companies.

Non-GAAP financial measures
Specified financial measureHow it is usefulHow we calculate itMost directly
comparable
IFRS financial
measure
Adjusted net
income
 To assess the performance of our businesses before the effects of the noted items, because they affect the comparability of our financial results and could potentially distort the analysis of trends in business performance. Excluding these items does not imply that they are non-recurring.Net (loss) income add (deduct) restructuring, acquisition and other; loss (recovery) on sale or wind down of investments; loss (gain) on disposition of property, plant and equipment; (gain) on acquisitions; loss on non-controlling interest purchase obligations; loss on repayment of long-term debt; loss on bond forward derivatives; depreciation and amortization on fair value increment of Shaw Transaction-related assets; and income tax adjustments on these items, including adjustments as a result of legislative or other tax rate changes.Net (loss) income
Pro forma trailing 12-month adjusted EBITDA To illustrate the results of a combined Rogers and Shaw as if the Shaw Transaction had closed at the beginning of the trailing 12-month period.Trailing 12-month adjusted EBITDA
add
Acquired Shaw business adjusted EBITDA - January 2023 to March 2023
Trailing 12-month adjusted EBITDA


Non-GAAP ratios
Specified financial measureHow it is usefulHow we calculate it
Adjusted basic
earnings per
share

Adjusted diluted
earnings per
share
 To assess the performance of our businesses before the effects of the noted items, because they affect the comparability of our financial results and could potentially distort the analysis of trends in business performance. Excluding these items does not imply that they are non-recurring.Adjusted net income
divided by
basic weighted average shares outstanding.

Adjusted net income including the dilutive effect of stock-based compensation
divided by diluted weighted average shares outstanding.
Pro forma debt leverage ratio We believe this helps investors and analysts analyze our ability to service our debt obligations, with the results of a combined Rogers and Shaw as if the Shaw Transaction had closed at the beginning of the trailing 12-month period.Adjusted net debt
divided by pro forma trailing 12-month adjusted EBITDA


Total of segments measures
Specified financial measureMost directly comparable IFRS financial measure
Adjusted EBITDANet (loss) income


Capital management measures
Specified financial measureHow it is useful
Free cash flow

 To show how much cash we generate that is available to repay debt and reinvest in our company, which is an important indicator of our financial strength and performance.
 We believe that some investors and analysts use free cash flow to value a business and its underlying assets.
Adjusted net debt We believe this helps investors and analysts analyze our debt and cash balances while taking into account the economic impact of debt derivatives on our US dollar-denominated debt.
Debt leverage ratio We believe this helps investors and analysts analyze our ability to service our debt obligations.
Available liquidity To help determine if we are able to meet all of our commitments, to execute our business plan, and to mitigate the risk of economic downturns.


Supplementary financial measures
Specified financial measureHow we calculate it
Adjusted EBITDA marginAdjusted EBITDA
divided by
revenue.
Wireless mobile phone average revenue per user (ARPU)Wireless service revenue
divided by
average total number of Wireless mobile phone subscribers for the relevant period.
Cable average revenue per account (ARPA)Cable service revenue
divided by
average total number of customer relationships for the relevant period.
Capital intensityCapital expenditures
divided by
revenue.


Reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA

 Three months ended December 31  Twelve months ended December 31 
(In millions of dollars)2023 2022  20232022 
      
Net income328 508  8491,680 
Add:     
Income tax expense194 188  517609 
Finance costs568 287  2,0471,233 
Depreciation and amortization1,172 648  4,1212,576 
EBITDA2,262 1,631  7,5346,098 
Add (deduct):     
Other (income) expense(19)(10) 362(15)
Restructuring, acquisition and other86 58  685310 
      
Adjusted EBITDA2,329 1,679  8,5816,393 


Reconciliation of adjusted net income

 Three months ended December 31  Twelve months ended December 31 
(In millions of dollars)2023 2022  2023 2022 
      
Net income328 508  849 1,680 
Add (deduct):     
Restructuring, acquisition and other86 58  685 310 
Depreciation and amortization on fair value increment of Shaw Transaction-related assets249   764  
Loss on non-controlling interest purchase obligation 1   422  
Income tax impact of above items(85)(12) (366)(75)
Income tax adjustment, tax rate change52   52  
      
Adjusted net income630 554  2,406 1,915 

1 Reflects a loss related to the change in the value of one of our joint venture's obligations to purchase at fair value the non-controlling interest in one of its investments.

Reconciliation of pro forma trailing 12-month adjusted EBITDA

 As at December 31
(In millions of dollars)2023
  
Trailing 12-month adjusted EBITDA8,581
Add (deduct): 
Acquired Shaw business adjusted EBITDA - January 2023 to March 2023514
  
Pro forma trailing 12-month adjusted EBITDA9,095


Reconciliation of free cash flow

 Three months ended December 31  Twelve months ended December 31 
(In millions of dollars)2023 2022  2023 2022 
      
Cash provided by operating activities1,379 1,145  5,221 4,493 
Add (deduct):     
Capital expenditures(946)(776) (3,934)(3,075)
Interest on borrowings, net and capitalized interest(521)(243) (1,794)(1,090)
Interest paid, net456 287  1,780 1,054 
Restructuring, acquisition and other86 58  685 310 
Program rights amortization(12)(12) (70)(61)
Change in net operating assets and liabilities369 201  627 152 
Other adjustments 112 (25) (101)(10)
      
Free cash flow823 635  2,414 1,773 

1 Consists of post-employment benefit contributions, net of expense, cash flows relating to other operating activities, and other investment income from our financial statements.

Other Information

Consolidated financial results - quarterly summary
Below is a summary of our consolidated results for the past eight quarters.

 2023   2022 
(In millions of dollars, except per share amounts)Q4  Q3  Q2  Q1   Q4  Q3  Q2  Q1 
Revenue         
Wireless2,868  2,584  2,424  2,346   2,578  2,267  2,212  2,140 
Cable1,982  1,993  2,013  1,017   1,019  975  1,041  1,036 
Media558  586  686  505   606  530  659  482 
Corporate items and intercompany eliminations(73) (71) (77) (33)  (37) (29) (44) (39)
Total revenue5,335  5,092  5,046  3,835   4,166  3,743  3,868  3,619 
Total service revenue 14,470  4,527  4,534  3,314   3,436  3,230  3,443  3,196 
          
Adjusted EBITDA         
Wireless1,291  1,294  1,222  1,179   1,173  1,093  1,118  1,085 
Cable1,111  1,080  1,026  557   522  465  520  551 
Media4  107  4  (38)  57  76  2  (66)
Corporate items and intercompany eliminations(77) (70) (62) (47)  (73) (51) (48) (31)
Adjusted EBITDA2,329  2,411  2,190  1,651   1,679  1,583  1,592  1,539 
Deduct (add):         
Depreciation and amortization1,172  1,160  1,158  631   648  644  638  646 
Restructuring, acquisition and other86  213  331  55   58  85  71  96 
Finance costs568  600  583  296   287  331  357  258 
Other (income) expense(19) 426  (18) (27)  (10) 19  (18) (6)
Net income before income tax expense522  12  136  696   696  504  544  545 
Income tax expense194  111  27  185   188  133  135  153 
Net income (loss)328  (99) 109  511   508  371  409  392 
          
Earnings (loss) per share:         
Basic$0.62 ($0.19)$0.21 $1.01  $1.01 $0.73 $0.81 $0.78 
Diluted$0.62 ($0.20)$0.20 $1.00  $1.00 $0.71 $0.76 $0.77 
          
Net income (loss)328  (99) 109  511   508  371  409  392 
Add (deduct):         
Restructuring, acquisition and other86  213  331  55   58  85  71  96 
Depreciation and amortization on fair value increment of Shaw Transaction-related assets249  263  252            
Loss on non-controlling interest purchase obligation  422              
Income tax impact of above items(85) (120) (148) (13)  (12) (20) (17) (26)
Income tax adjustment, tax rate change52                
Adjusted net income630  679  544  553   554  436  463  462 
          
Adjusted earnings per share:         
Basic$1.19 $1.28 $1.03 $1.10  $1.10 $0.86 $0.92 $0.91 
Diluted$1.19 $1.27 $1.02 $1.09  $1.09 $0.84 $0.86 $0.91 
          
Capital expenditures946  1,017  1,079  892   776  872  778  649 
Cash provided by operating activities1,379  1,754  1,635  453   1,145  1,216  1,319  813 
Free cash flow823  745  476  370   635  279  344  515 

1 As defined. See "Key Performance Indicators".

Supplementary Information

Rogers Communications Inc.
Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
(In millions of dollars, except for per share amounts, unaudited)

 Three months ended December 31  Twelve months ended December 31 
 2023 2022   20232022 
      
Revenue5,335 4,166   19,30815,396 
      
Operating expenses:     
Operating costs3,006 2,487   10,7279,003 
Depreciation and amortization1,172 648   4,1212,576 
Restructuring, acquisition and other86 58   685310 
Finance costs568 287   2,0471,233 
Other (income) expense(19)(10)  362(15)
      
Income before income tax expense522 696   1,3662,289 
Income tax expense194 188   517609 
      
Net income for the period328 508   8491,680 
      
Earnings per share:     
Basic$0.62 $1.01  $1.62$3.33 
Diluted$0.62 $1.00  $1.62$3.32 


Rogers Communications Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Position
(In millions of dollars, unaudited)

 As at
December 31
As at
December 31
 20232022
   
Assets  
Current assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents800463
Restricted cash and cash equivalents12,837
Accounts receivable4,9964,184
Inventories456438
Current portion of contract assets163111
Other current assets1,202561
Current portion of derivative instruments80689
Assets held for sale1137
Total current assets7,83419,283
   
Investments5982,088
Derivative instruments571861
Financing receivables1,101886
Other long-term assets670681
Property, plant and equipment, intangible assets, and goodwill 258,50831,856
   
Total assets69,28255,655
   
Liabilities and shareholders' equity  
Current liabilities:  
Short-term borrowings1,7502,985
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities4,2213,722
Other current liabilities434252
Contract liabilities773400
Current portion of long-term debt1,1001,828
Current portion of lease liabilities504362
Total current liabilities8,7829,549
   
Provisions5453
Long-term debt39,75529,905
Lease liabilities2,0891,666
Other long-term liabilities1,783738
Deferred tax liabilities6,3793,652
Total liabilities58,84245,563
   
Shareholders' equity10,44010,092
   
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity69,28255,655

1 As at December 31, 2023, certain real estate assets with a net book value totaling $137 million have been classified as held for sale.
2 The preliminary Shaw Transaction purchase price allocation is subject to change as we continue to finalize the values of the acquired intangible and related assets and corresponding tax impacts.

Rogers Communications Inc.
Interim Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In millions of dollars, unaudited)

 Three months ended December 31  Twelve months ended December 31 
 2023 2022  2023 2022 
Operating activities:     
Net income for the period328 508  849 1,680 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:     
Depreciation and amortization1,172 648  4,121 2,576 
Program rights amortization12 12  70 61 
Finance costs568 287  2,047 1,233 
Income tax expense194 188  517 609 
Post-employment benefits contributions, net of expense21 47  46 19 
Losses from associates and joint ventures 2  412 31 
Other(52)(34) 5 (55)
Cash provided by operating activities before changes in net operating assets and liabilities, income taxes paid, and interest paid2,243 1,658  8,067 6,154 
Change in net operating assets and liabilities(369)(201) (627)(152)
Income taxes paid(39)(25) (439)(455)
Interest paid, net(456)(287) (1,780)(1,054)
      
Cash provided by operating activities1,379 1,145  5,221 4,493 
      
Investing activities:     
Capital expenditures(946)(776) (3,934)(3,075)
Additions to program rights(17)(8) (74)(47)
Changes in non-cash working capital related to capital expenditures and intangible assets(68)(222) (2)(200)
Acquisitions and other strategic transactions, net of cash acquired786   (16,215)(9)
Other21 (5) 25 68 
      
Cash used in investing activities(224)(1,011) (20,200)(3,263)
      
Financing activities:     
Net (repayment of) proceeds received from short-term borrowings(96)(38) (1,439)707 
Net (repayment) issuance of long-term debt(2,749)  5,040 12,711 
Net proceeds (payments) on settlement of debt derivatives and forward contracts260 16  492 (11)
Transaction costs incurred   (284)(726)
Principal payments of lease liabilities(106)(83) (370)(316)
Dividends paid(191)(253) (960)(1,010)
      
Cash (used in) provided by financing activities(2,882)(358) 2,479 11,355 
      
Change in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash equivalents(1,727)(224) (12,500)12,585 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period2,527 13,524  13,300 715 
      
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash equivalents, end of period800 13,300  800 13,300 
      
Cash and cash equivalents800 463  800 463 
Restricted cash and cash equivalents 12,837   12,837 
      
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash equivalents, end of period800 13,300  800 13,300 


Change in net operating assets and liabilities

 Three months ended December 31  Twelve months ended December 31 
(In millions of dollars)2023 2022  2023 2022 
      
Accounts receivable, excluding financing receivables(182)(285) (362)(201)
Financing receivables(433)(315) (367)(162)
Contract assets(19)1  (44)8 
Inventories6 (112) (4)98 
Other current assets35 26  1 25 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities77 380  11 36 
Contract and other liabilities147 104  138 44 
      
Total change in net operating assets and liabilities(369)(201) (627)(152)


Long-term debt

   Principal
amount
Interest
rate
 As at
December 31
 As at
December 31
 
(In millions of dollars, except interest rates)Due date 2023 2022 
       
Term loan facility  4,400Floating 4,286  
Senior notes2023US5003.000% 677 
Senior notes2023US8504.100% 1,151 
Senior notes2024 6004.000%600 600 
Senior notes 12024 5004.350%500  
Senior notes2025US1,0002.950%1,323 1,354 
Senior notes2025 1,2503.100%1,250 1,250 
Senior notes2025US7003.625%926 948 
Senior notes2026 5005.650%500  
Senior notes2026US5002.900%661 677 
Senior notes2027 1,5003.650%1,500 1,500 
Senior notes 12027 3003.800%300  
Senior notes2027US1,3003.200%1,719 1,761 
Senior notes2028 1,0005.700%1,000  
Senior notes 12028 5004.400%500  
Senior notes 12029 5003.300%500  
Senior notes2029 1,0003.750%1,000 1,000 
Senior notes2029 1,0003.250%1,000 1,000 
Senior notes2030 5005.800%500  
Senior notes 12030 5002.900%500  
Senior notes2032US2,0003.800%2,645 2,709 
Senior notes2032 1,0004.250%1,000 1,000 
Senior debentures 22032US2008.750%265 271 
Senior notes2033 1,0005.900%1,000  
Senior notes2038US3507.500%463 474 
Senior notes2039 5006.680%500 500 
Senior notes 12039 1,4506.750%1,450  
Senior notes2040 8006.110%800 800 
Senior notes2041 4006.560%400 400 
Senior notes2042US7504.500%992 1,016 
Senior notes2043US5004.500%661 677 
Senior notes2043US6505.450%860 880 
Senior notes2044US1,0505.000%1,389 1,422 
Senior notes2048US7504.300%992 1,016 
Senior notes 12049 3004.250%300  
Senior notes2049US1,2504.350%1,653 1,693 
Senior notes2049US1,0003.700%1,323 1,354 
Senior notes2052US2,0004.550%2,645 2,709 
Senior notes2052 1,0005.250%1,000 1,000 
Subordinated notes 32081 2,0005.000%2,000 2,000 
Subordinated notes 32082US7505.250%992 1,016 
     41,895 32,855 
Deferred transaction costs and discounts    (1,040)(1,122)
Less current portion    (1,100)(1,828)
       
Total long-term debt    39,755 29,905 

1 Senior notes originally issued by Shaw Communications Inc. which are unsecured obligations of RCI and for which RCCI was an unsecured guarantor as at December 31, 2023.
2 Senior debentures originally issued by Rogers Cable Inc. which are unsecured obligations of RCI and for which RCCI was an unsecured guarantor as at December 31, 2023 and 2022.
3 The subordinated notes can be redeemed at par on the five-year anniversary from issuance dates of December 2021 and February 2022 or on any subsequent interest payment date.

About Forward-Looking Information

This earnings release includes "forward-looking information" and "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of applicable securities laws (collectively, "forward-looking information"), and assumptions about, among other things, our business, operations, and financial performance and condition approved by our management on the date of this earnings release. This forward-looking information and these assumptions include, but are not limited to, statements about our objectives and strategies to achieve those objectives, and about our beliefs, plans, expectations, anticipations, estimates, or intentions.

Forward-looking information:

  • typically includes words like could, expect, may, anticipate, assume, believe, intend, estimate, plan, project, guidance, outlook, target, and similar expressions;
  • includes conclusions, forecasts, and projections that are based on our current objectives and strategies and on estimates, expectations, assumptions, and other factors that we believe to have been reasonable at the time they were applied but may prove to be incorrect; and
  • was approved by our management on the date of this earnings release.

Our forward-looking information includes forecasts and projections related to the following items, among others:

  • revenue;
  • total service revenue;
  • adjusted EBITDA;
  • capital expenditures;
  • cash income tax payments;
  • free cash flow;
  • dividend payments;
  • the growth of new products and services;
  • expected growth in subscribers and the services to which they subscribe;
  • the cost of acquiring and retaining subscribers and deployment of new services;
  • continued cost reductions and efficiency improvements;
  • our debt leverage ratio and the targets we set for it;
  • the benefits expected to result from the Shaw Transaction, including corporate, operational, scale, and other synergies, and their anticipated timing; and
  • all other statements that are not historical facts.


Specific forward-looking information included in this document includes, but is not limited to, information and statements under "2024 Outlook" relating to our 2024 consolidated guidance on total service revenue, adjusted EBITDA, capital expenditures, and free cash flow. All other statements that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements.

Our conclusions, forecasts, and projections are based on a number of estimates, expectations, assumptions, and other factors, including, among others:

  • general economic and industry conditions, including the effects of inflation;
  • currency exchange rates and interest rates;
  • product pricing levels and competitive intensity;
  • subscriber growth;
  • pricing, usage, and churn rates;
  • changes in government regulation;